Francesc-Xavier Marsellach

Institut Marqués, Spain, Barcelona, Barcino, Catalonia, Spain

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Publications (3)19.67 Total impact

  • Marta Batlle · Francesc-Xavier Marsellach · Dori Huertas · Fernando Azorín
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    ABSTRACT: Functional characterisation of vigilin, a highly conserved multi-KH-domain protein that binds RNA and ssDNA, remains elusive and, to some extent, controversial. Studies performed in Saccharomyces cerevisiae and human cells indicate that vigilin localises to the cytoplasm, binds ribosomes, associates to RER and regulates mRNA translation. On the other hand, we and others reported a contribution to heterochromatin-mediated gene silencing (PEV) and chromosome segregation in S. cerevisiae, Drosophila and human cells. Whether this contribution is direct remains, however, unclear. Here, we report that Drosophila vigilin, DDP1, vastly localises to the cytoplasm, being largely excluded from the nucleus. We also show that DDP1 preferentially associates to RER and co-purifies with several ribosomal proteins, suggesting a contribution to mRNA translation. In light of these results, the contribution of DDP1 to PEV was re-examined. Here, we show that a newly generated null ddp1(Δ) mutation is only a weak suppressor of PEV, which is in contrast with our own previous results showing dominant suppression in the presence of a strong hypomorphic ddp1(15.1) mutation. Similar results were obtained in the fission yeast Schizosaccharomyces pombe, where vigilin (Vgl1) also associates to RER, having no significant contribution to PEV at centromeres, telomeres and the mating-type locus. Altogether, these results indicate that cytoplasmic localisation and association to RER, but not contribution to heterochromatin organisation, are evolutionarily conserved features of vigilin, favouring a model by which vigilin acts in the cytoplasm, regulating RNA metabolism, and affects nuclear functions only indirectly.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2010 · Biochimica et Biophysica Acta
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    Lorena Aguilar-Arnal · Francesc-Xavier Marsellach · Fernando Azorín
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    ABSTRACT: In fission yeast, mating-type switching involves replacing genetic information contained at the expressed mat1 locus by that of either the mat2P or mat3M donor loci. Donor selection is nonrandom, as mat1P cells preferentially use mat3M for switching, whereas mat1M cells use mat2P. Switching directionality is determined by the cell-type-specific distribution of the Swi2-Swi5 complex that, in mat1P cells, localises to mat3M and, only in mat1M cells, spreads to mat2P in a heterochromatin-dependent manner. Mechanisms regulating spreading of Swi2-Swi5 across heterochromatin are not fully understood. Here, we show that the fission yeast homologue of CENP-B, Abp1, binds to the silent domain of the mating-type locus and regulates directionality of switching. Deletion of abp1 prevents utilisation of mat2P, as when heterochromatin is disrupted and spreading of Swi2-Swi5 is impaired. Our results show that, indeed, deletion of abp1 abolishes spreading of Swi2-Swi5 to mat2P. However, in abp1Delta cells, heterochromatin organisation at the mating-type locus is preserved, indicating that Abp1 is actually required for efficient spreading of Swi2-Swi5 through heterochromatin. Cbh1 and Cbh2, which are also homologous to CENP-B, have only a minor contribution to the regulation of directionality of switching, which is in contrast with the strong effects observed for Abp1.
    Full-text · Article · May 2008 · The EMBO Journal
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    Francesc-Xavier Marsellach · Dori Huertas · Fernando Azorín
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    ABSTRACT: Multi-KH domain proteins are highly evolutionarily conserved proteins that associate to polyribosomes and participate in RNA metabolism. Recent evidence indicates that multi-KH domain proteins also contribute to the structural organization of heterochromatin both in mammals and Drosophila. Here, we show that the multi-KH domain protein of Saccharomyces cerevisiae, Scp160p, contributes to silencing at telomeres and at the mating-type locus, but not to ribosomal silencing. The contribution of Scp160p to silencing is independent of its binding to the ribosome as deletion of the last two KH domains, which mediate ribosomal binding, has no effect on silencing. Disruption of SCP160 increases cell ploidy but this effect is also independent of the contribution of Scp160p to telomeric silencing as strong relief of silencing is observed in Δscp160 cells with normal ploidy and, vice versa, Δscp160 cells with highly increased ploidy show no significant silencing defects. The TPE phenotype of Δscp160 cells associates to a decreased Sir3p deposition at telomeres and, in good agreement, silencing is rescued by SIR3 overexpression and in a Δrif1Δrif2 mutant. Scp160p shows a distinct perinuclear localization that is independent of its ability to bind ribosomes. Moreover, telomere clustering at the nuclear envelope is perturbed in Δscp160 cells and disruption of the histone deacetylase RPD3, which is known to improve telomere clustering, rescues telomeric silencing in Δscp160 cells. These results are discussed in the context of a model in which Scp160p contributes to silencing by helping telomere clustering.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2006 · Journal of Biological Chemistry