[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Previous work conducted by our group has shown that the accumulation of hepatic natural killer (NK) cells and the up-regulation of natural cytotoxicity receptors (NKP30 and NKP46) on NK cells from patients with hepatitis B virus-related acute-on-chronic liver failure (HBV-ACLF) were correlated with disease progression in HBV-ACLF. The natural cytotoxicity receptors expressed on NK cells are believed to be probable candidates involved in the NK cell-mediated hepatocyte damage in HBV-ACLF. However, the underlying mechanisms remain to be elucidated. In the present study, we aimed to discover the role of NKP30-B7-H6 interaction in NK cells-mediated hepatocyte damage in HBV-ACLF.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Acid elution of platelets class I human leukocyte antigen (HLA) antigens is considered as a strategy for production of HLA-eluted platelets for clinical use. In this study, we investigated the effects of acid treatment for the removal of class I HLA antigens on platelet activation, apoptosis and aggregation, and to evaluate the optimal elution condition and the feasibility of clinical application of the acid-elution technique. In vitro apheresis platelets from healthy volunteers were treated with various PH levels the citric acid solution (pH = 2.0, 3.0, 5.0, 7.0) at 0°C for 10 min. Expression of class I HLA antigens and P-selectin (CD62P) on platelet surface were analyzed by multicolor flow cytometry. The proportion of early apoptotic platelets was detected by Annexin V staining. The maximum platelet aggregation rate was determined by the electrical impedance aggregometry. Results showed that the expression of platelets class IHLA antigens decreased with the reduction of pH value accompanied by increase of CD62P expression and early apoptosis (Annexin V expression). When compared with phosphate buffered saline (PBS) treated platelets, platelets after elution with citric acid at pH 3.0 had significantly decreased expression of class IHLA antigens and the aggregation was not impaired, although the CD62P expression and early apoptosis were significantly increased. These results indicates that elution of platelets with citric acid at pH 3.0 can be use as an attempt to product HLA-eluted platelets for clinical use.
Preview · Article · Sep 2011 · Scientific research and essays
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autologous peripheral hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (APHSCT) was performed to treat a patient with neuromyelitis optica. We observed that the patient achieved clinical remission after APHSCT during 12 months of follow-up. The patient improved on the expanded disability status scale neurologic assessment and the Scripps neurologic rating scale worksheet scores on follow-up examination compared with baseline. The MRI abnormalities on T1WI and T2WI improved. The postpartum maternal blood helper T (CD3+CD4+ T cell) and the CD4+/CD8+ ratio were decreased, and the cytotoxic T (CD3+CD8+ T) cell increased. This shows that APHSCT in this patient with neuromyelitis optica appears to reduce the frequency of attacks with improvement in disability. However, a larger study with more patients and a longer follow-up would be required to assess the encouraging preliminary results.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the apoptosis inducing effects of ponicidin (PON) on leukemic K562 cells and its mechanisms of action.
K562 cells in culture medium in vitro were given different concentrations of PON (10-50 micromol x L(-1)) for 24, 48 and 72 h. The inhibitory rate of the cells was measured by MTT assay, cell apoptotic rates were detected by flow cytometry (FCM) using Annexin V staining after K562 cells were treated with different concentrations of PON for 72 hours, and cell morphology was observed by Wright-Giemsa staining. Western blot was used to detect caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) expression, and the protein levels in mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling pathways (MAPKs, p-P38, p-ERK and p-JNK) as well as p-AKT and p-P85 in PI3K/AKT signaling pathways were also detected.
PON (over 30 micromol x L(-1)) could inhibit the growth of K562 cells in both time- and dose-dependent manner. FCM analysis revealed that apoptotic cells were gradually increased in a dose-dependent manner after treatment for 72 hours, and that marked morphological changes of cell apoptosis such as condensation of chromatin was clearly observed by Wright-Giemsa staining after treatment by 50 micromol x L(-1) PON. Western blot showed cleavage of the caspase-3 zymogen protein (32 kD), with the appearance of its 17 kD subunit, and a cleaved 89 kD fragment of 116 kD PARP was also found. Furthermore, Western blotting also showed that expression of p-AKT and p-P85 in PI3K/AKT signaling pathways was downregulated dramatically whereas the expression of p-P38 as well as p-ERK and p-JNK remained unchanged after the cells were treated by PON for 48 h.
The results demonstrate that PON exhibits in vitro anti-leukemia effect by induction of apoptosis in K562 cells, and that PON induced apoptosis in K562 cells mainly related to activation of caspase-3 as well as inactivation of PI3K/AKT signaling pathway via down regulation of the expression of p-AKT and p-P85 protein levels. These results provide strong laboratory evidence for further anti-leukemia trials of PON.
No preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Zhongguo Zhong yao za zhi = Zhongguo zhongyao zazhi = China journal of Chinese materia medica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma (PPAR-gamma) is one of the best characterized nuclear hormone receptors (NHRs) in the superfamily of ligand-activated transcriptional factors. PPAR-gamma ligands have recently been demonstrated to affect proliferation, differentiation and apoptosis of different cell types. The present study was undertaken to investigate PPAR-gamma ligands induced cell growth inhibition and its influence on matrix metalloproteinase MMP-9 and MMP-2 activities on leukemia K562 and HL-60 cells in vitro. The results revealed that PPAR-gamma expression was detectable in the two kinds of leukemia cells; Both 15-deoxy-delta(12,14)-prostaglandin J2(15d-PGJ2) and troglitazone (TGZ) have significant growth inhibition effects on these two kinds of leukemia cells. These two PPAR-gamma ligands could inhibit the leukemic cell adhesion to the extracellular matrix (ECM) proteins and the invasion through matrigel matrix. The expressions of MMP-9 and MMP-2 as well as their gelatinolytic activities in both HL-60 and K562 cells were inhibited by 15d-PGJ2 and TGZ significantly. We therefore conclude that PPAR-gamma ligands 15d-PGJ2 and TGZ have significant growth inhibition effects on myeloid leukemia cells in vitro, and that PPAR-gamma ligands can inhibit K562 and HL-60 cell adhesion to and invasion through ECM as well as downregulate MMP-9 and MMP-2 expressions. The data suggest that PPAR-gamma ligands may serve as potential anti-leukemia reagents.
No preview · Article · Nov 2005 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The anti-proliferation effects of oridonin on acute promyelocytic leukemia (APL) cells and its mechanisms were studied in vitro. NB4 cells as well as fresh leukemia cells obtained from APL patients in culture medium were treated with different concentrations of oridonin. Cell growth inhibition, apoptosis and related pathways were assessed by MTT assay as well as flow cytometry (FCM) and western blot analysis. The data revealed that oridonin (over 16 micromol/L) could inhibit the growth of NB4 cells by induction of apoptosis. Marked changes of cell apoptosis were observed very clearly by using electron microscopy and DNA fragmentation analysis after the cells exposed to oridonin for 48 h; Western blotting showed cleavage of the caspase-3 zymogen protein (32-kDa) with the appearance of its 20-kDa subunit as well as a cleaved 89-kDa fragment of 116-kDa PARP when apoptosis occurred. The expression of Bcl-2 was down-regulated remarkably accompanied by the disruption of the mitochondrial membrane potential (delta(psi)m). The anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects by oridonin in fresh APL cells were also found remarkably using Trypan Blue dye exclusion method and Wright's staining. We concluded that oridoning has significant anti-proliferative and apoptosis-inducing effects on NB4 cells by activation of caspase-3 and cleavage of PARP as well as by down regulation of Bcl-2 and disruption of the delta(psi)m. Furthermore, oridonin demonstrated apparent cell growth inhibition effects on fresh APL cells in vitro. The results indicated that oridonin may serve as a potential anti-leukemia reagent.
Preview · Article · May 2005 · Leukemia and Lymphoma
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Jurkat cells in culture medium in vitro were exposed to different concentrations of oridonin. The proliferation rate of the cells was measured by MTT assay, cell apoptotic rate was detected by flow cytometry, morphology of cell apoptosis was observed by Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, DNA fragmentation was assayed by agarose gel electrophoresis, caspase-3 and poly(ADP-ribose) polymerase (PARP) expressions were detected by Western blotting using polyclonal anti-caspase-3 antibody and mouse anti-human PARP monoclonal antibodies, and caspase-3 activity was assayed with a colorimetric assay kit before and after apoptosis had occurred. Oridonin (over 32mol/l) inhibited the growth of Jurkat cells and caused significant apoptosis. The suppression was both time-dependent and dose-dependent. Marked morphological changes of cell apoptosis, including condensation of chromatin and nuclear fragmentation, were clearly observed by Hoechst 33258 fluorescence staining, as well as by agarose gel electrophoresis. Western blotting showed cleavage of the caspase-3 zymogen protein (32kDa), with the appearance of its 17kDa subunit, and a cleaved 89-kDa fragment of 116kDa PARP was also found, together with a concurrent increase in caspase-3 apoptotic activity. Oridonin can induce apoptosis in Jurkat cells via activation of caspase-3; the results indicate that oridonin might be an important potential anti-leukaemia reagent.
No preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Comparative Clinical Pathology