[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied four patients who presented a striking elevation of blood transaminases suggesting acute hepatitis. The post mortem histological examination of the liver revealed centrolobular necrosis that is commonly diagnosed as ischaemic hepatitis. The liver necrosis arose from heart failure which was worsened by an acute anaemia in one patient and by a severe hypoxemia, due to respiratory failure, in another. In three subjects there was evidence of disseminated intravascular coagulation that may be responsible for aggravating the condition of liver hypoxia. The authors also review the literature on the various aspects of ischaemic hepatitis.
No preview · Article · Jul 1993 · Minerva gastroenterologica e dietologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The use of bethanecol has recently been proposed to improve the diagnostic accuracy of esophageal manometry in identifying the origin of symptoms in patients with non cardiac chest pain. In this study we report our experience in 30 patients who underwent esophageal functional studies. Despite its low diagnostic value, bethanecol test (two subsequential doses of 50 micrograms/kg) demonstrated an excellent safety profile, there were few side effects, and patients tolerance was good. The Holter electrocardiographic study showed an isolated case of transient atrioventricular block.
No preview · Article · Jun 1990 · Minerva cardioangiologica
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To evaluate the role of renal haemodynamic factors in the pathophysiology of diabetic nephropathy, we determined by radionuclear techniques glomerular filtration rate (GFR) and renal plasma flow (RPF) in 18 patients affected by insulin dependent diabetes mellitus (IDDM) in good metabolic control, with normal blood pressure and plasma creatinine. GFR and RPF measured in the same patients after ten months correlated with proteinuria and duration of diabetes. Our finding of a significant correlation between the decline of RPF and duration of diabetes may support the haemodynamic hypothesis of progression of diabetic nephropathy.
No preview · Article · Feb 1985 · Proceedings of the European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. European Dialysis and Transplant Association - European Renal Association. Congress