Cristiano Aparecido Chagas

University of Campinas, Conceição de Campinas, São Paulo, Brazil

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Publications (11)14.34 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Metalloproteinases, especially metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2), are known for their role in the degradation of the extracellular matrix. Nevertheless, a thorough understanding of MMP-2 expression in neoplastic lesions of the uterine cervix has yet to be accomplished. This study aimed to analyze the MMP-2 expression in cervical intraepithelial neoplasia III (CIN3) and in cervical squamous cell carcinoma, in tumor cells and adjacent stromal cells. MMP-2 expression was assessed by an immunohistochemical technique. MMP-2 expression was greater in the stromal cells of invasive carcinomas than in CIN3 (p < 0.0001). MMP-2 expression in stromal cells correlates with the clinical stage, gradually increasing as the tumor progresses (p = 0.04). This study corroborates that stromal cells play an important role in tumor invasion and progression, mediated by the progressive enhancement of MMP-2 expression from CIN3 to advanced invasive tumor. The intense MMP-2 expression most probably is associated with poor tumor prognosis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2008 · European journal of gynaecological oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV-8) and Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) are human pathogens associated to a number of neoplasms, including tumors of the Waldeyer's ring. Both viruses have been previously detected by in situ methods in tonsils and adenoids from children. HHV-8 was found in 6.8% of the cases and EBV in about one third of the cases. As they belong to the same gamma-herpesvirus subfamily and share some biological characteristics, it is of medical interest to further explore their possible relationship in the Waldeyer's ring, an issue not yet addressed in the specialized literature. The purpose of the present study is to compare the presence of EBV by in situ hybridization (ISH) in tonsils and adenoids from children up to 14 years of age in cases previously shown to be positive and negative for HHV-8. Paraffin wax-embedded sections consisting of 38 tonsils and two adenoids from 40 patients were analyzed. HHV-8 was detected by ISH, using the T1-1 probe for the viral mRNA. EBV was also detected by ISH, using the EBER probe. Both probes and the detection systems were provided by Novocastra. HHV-8 was detected in 19 tonsils and one adenoid. The other 19 tonsils and one adenoid taken from the HHV-8-negative group were selected by pairing age and gender of patients with the HHV-8-positive group. In both groups EBV was detected in 13 cases and was negative in other 7. Although both viruses are related in many aspects, some biological and epidemiological features differ. This is reflected in the present results, as EBV is similarly detected in the groups negative and positive for HHV-8, favoring different mechanisms of spread.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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    ABSTRACT: Mycosis fungoides (MF) is the most common form of primary cutaneous T-cell lymphoma. In its early stage it may mimic benign dermatoses both on a clinical and histologic basis. MF usually expresses CD3 and CD4 (T-cell) markers. CD7 is expressed on about 90% of CD4 T cells and is often deficient on malignant T cells. Thus, CD7 may be useful in evaluating the nature of dermal lymphoid infiltrates. The aim of this study was to evaluate the usefulness of immunohistochemical detection of T-cell markers on paraffin-embedded sections, CD3 and CD7 (clone CBC.37), in the differential diagnosis of MF and benign dermatoses. Forty-two patients with diffuse dermal T-lymphocytic infiltrates were selected. Previous clinicopathologic correlation and follow-up had established the diagnosis of MF in 31 patients and benign dermatoses in 11. The mean value of stained cells in MF was 86.45% for CD3 and 53.09% for CD7 (P<0.001); in benign dermatoses it was 79.09% for CD3 and 73.63% for CD7 (P=0.669). CD7 immunolabeling was significantly lower in the MF group (P=0.048). A semiquantitative evaluation revealed a considerable loss of CD7 immunolabeling in comparison with CD3 in patients with MF. The authors conclude that CD7 study may represent a valuable tool in the distinction between inflammation and neoplasia in T-lymphoproliferative skin disorders.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · Neuromuscular Disorders
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    ABSTRACT: Human herpesvirus 8 (HHV8) has been associated with multicentric Castleman's disease, Kaposi's sarcoma and effusion non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. Epidemiological studies have shown seropositivity in variable proportions of populations. It seems to be sexually transmitted among adults and through oral contact among children. The virus has been demonstrated in desquamating oral epithelial cells, but there is no report on its presence in the Waldeyer's ring. The purpose of the present study is to detect HHV8 in tonsils and adenoids from children up to 20 years of age in which these organs had been surgically removed due to hypertrophy, using immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization. Paraffin wax-embedded sections consisting of 181 tonsils and 162 adenoids from 293 patients were analyzed. HHV8 was detected by immunohistochemistry (IHC) using the anti-LNA1 antibody (Novocastra) and the LSAB+ detection system (Dako). For the in situ hybridization (ISH), the T1-1 probe for the viral mRNA and the detection system used were provided by Novocastra. In 20 cases (6.83%), HHV8 was detected in cells morphologically characterized as lymphoid. In three of them epithelial cells were also positive. In 19 cases, the virus was detected in tonsils and in just 1 case in an adenoid. In all 20 cases detection was possible by ISH, whereas in only 2 of them there was a concomitant positivity by IHC. Our data support the oral route of contamination by HHV8 in children, in whom tonsils and adenoids may harbor the virus. It is found especially in tonsils and only rarely in adenoids. In these organs, ISH is the method of choice to detect this virus, probably due to the small amount of viral proteins.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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    ABSTRACT: 1. A human glioma cell line, NG97, was established by Grippo et al. in 2001 from tissue obtained from a grade III astrocytoma (WHO, 2000). In this first study, the cell line grew as two morphologically distinct subpopulations: dendritic/spindle cells and small round cells. The injection of NG97 cells into nude mice induced an aggressive tumor characterized by: severe cytological atypia, vascular proliferation and pseudopalisading necrosis (glioblastoma multiforme features). 2. The purpose of the present study was to characterize the immunophenotype and ultrastructural aspects of this cell line, using the parental tumor, cultured cells and the xenotransplant, in order to assess its glial nature and possible divergent differentiation. 3. NG97 cells and xenotransplant expressed the main neuroglial markers (GFAP, S-100 protein, NSE and Leu-7) and showed no aberrant expression of other histogenetic markers. GFAP was similarly expressed in the parental tumor and in the cells in culture, but decreased in the xenotransplant. NSE expression was reduced in NG97 cells, but substantially recovered in the xenotransplant. This variability in expression of GFAP and NSE was interpreted as either a phenomenon of dedifferentiation or to microenvironmental selection of specific subclones. S-100 was equally expressed in the three contexts. The xenotransplant's ultrastructural features were those of a highly undifferentiated tumor. No significant immunophenotypic or ultrastructural differences between the two morphologically distinct populations were found. 4. Thus, our data demonstrate that NG97 cells constitute a pure glial-committed cell line, which may prove useful as a malignant glioma model in studies addressing pathophysiological, diagnostic and therapeutic issues.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2005 · Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology
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    ABSTRACT: since the 70's. However, its application in veterinary diagnostic pathology has not been so common, especially due to the lack of specific antibodies. To overcome this drawback, antibodies which present cross reactivity with human and animal antigens have been applied. The purpose of the present study was to test the cross reactivity of some antibodies intended for the human pathology, which may be used in animal tissues, with the help of antigen retrieval and amplification systems. In the present study it was confirmed that many of the antibodies produced for use in human histopathology might be applied in veterinary pathology. Further studies are needed to increase the list of applicability of these antibodies to different animal species. It must be stressed that in this type of study some variables, such as clone of antibody, dilution, antigen retrieval method, and detection system, have to be evaluated. Immunohistochemistry Veterinary pathology Tumor markers
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2005 · Jornal Brasileiro de Patologia e Medicina Laboratorial
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    ABSTRACT: Herpes simplex virus (HSV) has been described as cause of acute tonsillitis. It has also been found in nasopharyngeal florid lymphoid infiltrate, mostly composed of CD4+, CD56+ T-cells, simulating lymphoma. In spite of its widespread prevalence in latent form, to the best of our knowledge no study is available on in situ detection of HSV in chronically hyperplastic nasopharyngeal lymphoid tissue. The purpose of the present study was to search for the presence of HSV 1 and 2 in 21 adenoids and 15 tonsils from children (2-12 years of age) in which these organs had been surgically removed due to hypertrophy. Paraffin wax-embedded sections from the 36 cases were submitted to the in situ hybridization technique, using the biotinilated probe to Herpes simplex virus 1 and 2 (Pan Path, Amsterdam) and the Rembrandt Universal DISH & HRP Detection Kit (Pan Path, Amsterdam). Positive control consisted of a previously tested Herpes infected lung. In none of the 36 cases studied were positive nuclei detected in adenoid and tonsils, either in lymphoid, in stroma or in epithelial cells, as those seen in the positive control. HSV does not seem to be implied in tonsil or adenoid chronic lymphoid hyperplasia. These organs do not seem to harbor the virus latently, or the amount of virus is too low to be detected without amplification methods.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology
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    J Vassallo · C E Godoy · CA Chagas · K Metze · M A S Trevisan
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    ABSTRACT: CD95 (Fas/APO-1)-mediated apoptosis plays an important role in immunological regulation and is related to the pathogenesis of autoimmune diseases. Immunoexpression of CD95 has been reported to frequently occur in low grade non-Hodgkin lymphomas, especially of post-germinal center histogenesis, among which those originating in mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT lymphomas). However, there is no report comparing in situ immunoexpression of this marker in lymphomas and the hyperplastic lymphoid reaction (chronic gastritis) related to Helicobacter pylori infection. The purpose of the present research was to compare the intensity of lymphoid CD95 immunoexpression in 15 cases of H. pylori-related chronic gastritis and 15 gastric MALT lymphomas. CD95 (anti-CD95) was detected by an immunoperoxidase technique in paraffin sections using the catalyzed amplification system. Graduation of reaction intensity (percentage of CD95-positive cells) was semiquantitative, from 1+ to 4+. Nine cases of chronic gastritis were 4+, five 2+ and one 1+. Three lymphomas were 4+, three 3+, four 2+, four 1+, and one was negative. Although 14 of 15 lymphomas were positive for CD95, the intensity of the reaction was significantly weaker compared to that obtained with gastric tissue for patients with gastritis (P = 0.03). The difference in CD95 immunoexpression does not seem to be useful as an isolated criterion in the differential diagnosis between chronic gastritis and MALT lymphomas since there was overlapping of immunostaining patterns. However, it suggests the possibility of a pathogenetic role of this apoptosis-regulating protein in MALT lymphomas.
    Preview · Article · Oct 2004 · Brazilian Journal of Medical and Biological Research
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    ABSTRACT: The importance of in situ immunodetection of hormone receptors for therapy planning and prognostic evaluation in patients with breast carcinoma is well established. Sensitive detection methods are of utmost importance, especially in poorly fixed tissues, which are not uncommon in routine pathologic practice. The purpose of the present study is to compare immunoexpression of estrogen receptors in 20 cases of invasive ductal carcinoma using two antibodies, 1D5 and 6F11, and to verify the effect of different antigen retrieval solutions and detection systems. Immunoperoxidase was performed on paraffin sections using 1D5 and 6F11 as primary antibodies. Heat-induced antigen retrieval was performed using citrate buffer (pH 6.0) or Tris-EDTA buffer (pH 8.9). Detection was achieved using the following systems: EnVision, EnVision Plus, and labeled streptavidin-biotin peroxidase complex. Reaction was semiquantified from 0 to 4. There were no differences between the two markers, 1D5 and 6F11, except when 6F11 was used with EnVision and citrate buffer, in which case weaker reactivity was observed. Only in this combination (6F11/EnVision) was EDTA buffer significantly better than citrate. Labeled streptavidin-biotin peroxidase complex presented the best results, followed by EnVision Plus.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · Applied immunohistochemistry & molecular morphology: AIMM / official publication of the Society for Applied Immunohistochemistry

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