[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Hepatic adenomatosis (HA) is characterized by more than 10 adenomas in the liver, frequently scattered within both lobes. The potential for spontaneous bleeding, rupture, and malignant transformation is known. In HA, tumors show hypervascularization on arterial angiography, computed tomography (CT), and magnetic resonance imaging. We report the case of a 32-year-old woman who presented with a large intraparenchymal and subcapsular hematoma in the liver, and an underlying large adenoma with atypical radiologic characteristics detected with multidetector CT imaging. On follow-up CT examination, a large adenoma was clearly visualized at the site of the previous hematoma.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Renal arteriovenous fistula (AVF) is an uncommon clinical entity, which can be congenital, acquired, or idiopathic. Diagnosis is aided by radiological studies, with digital subtraction angiography as a gold standard. However, Doppler ultrasound with color Doppler interrogation and computed tomography (CT) angiography are alternative imaging techniques that are noninvasive and can be used for patients to whom no intervention is planned. In this report, we present a case of idiopathic renal AVF diagnosed by Doppler ultrasound and CT angiography. Grayscale ultrasound showed a cyst-like lesion which was confirmed to be a focal aneurysmatic dilatation with heterogeneous fill-in and turbulent blood flow on color Doppler and spectral analysis. CT angiography demonstrated multiple aneurysmatic dilatations of the segmental branch and early opacification of right renal vein on the arterial phase, consistent with renal AVF.