[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Concerns have been raised because of observations of proteinuria associated with rosuvastatin treatment. In this open-label study, a potential dose-dependent effect was investigated of rosuvastatin on urinary protein excretion and renal function parameters in 90 hyperlipidemic patients randomly assigned to rosuvastatin 10 mg/day (n = 45) or 20 mg/day (n = 45). Urinary samples were collected from patients and 40 age- and gender-matched controls to determine electrolyte, uric acid, creatinine, and protein (total, albumin, IgG, and alpha1-microglobulin) levels at baseline and after 12 weeks. A dose-dependent increase in the excretion of alpha1-microglobulin (17.6% in rosuvastatin 10 vs 34.9% in rosuvastatin, 20 mg/day; P = .03 for the comparison between groups) was observed. A trend toward an increase in the estimated glomerular filtration rate was noted in only patients receiving 20 mg/day of rosuvastatin. These findings indicate that rosuvastatin treatment increases the urinary excretion of alpha1-microglobulin urinary excretion in a dose-dependent manner without adversely affecting renal function.
No preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology and Therapeutics
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The renoprotective effect of statins has been recently disputed because of observations of proteinuria associated with rosuvastatin treatment, the newest drug of the class. Statin-induced proteinuria findings were mainly based on crudely quantitative dipstick assays. The authors quantitatively evaluated the effect of rosuvastatin at the recommended starting dose of 10 mg/d, on urine protein excretion in patients with primary dyslipidemia. Serum lipid and nonlipid parameters as well as urinary electrolyte, creatinine, and protein (total, albumin, immunoglobulin G, and alpha-1 microglobulin) levels were measured in 40 patients treated with rosuvastatin and 30 controls at baseline and after 12 weeks. The protein-to-creatinine ratios were used to assess urinary protein excretion. Rosuvastatin improved the lipid profile, produced no deterioration of kidney function, but induced a small but significant increase in the excretion of alpha-1 microglobulin (by 16%, P < .05) indicating that statin-related proteinuria involves low-molecular-weight proteins and is of proximal tubular origin.
No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · The Journal of Clinical Pharmacology