[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Metabolic Syndrome (MS) is often linked to overweight/obesity and can improve after weight loss, such improvement is expected to be proportional to the intensity of weight loss.
The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of weight loss induced by bariatric surgery (BS) on the prevalence of MS in a middle-term period.
Thirty-five (35) patients who underwent surgical Roux's Y gastrojejunal by-pass from October 2001 until October 2005 in our University Hospital were evaluated. 88.5% were female, with a mean age at the time of surgery of 37.8+/-11.1 years and a mean BMI of 45.0+/-6.2 Kg/m(2). During the first stage of our study demographic and clinical-anthropomorphic data were collected prior to the BC procedure, including those criteria needed for the diagnosis of MS, according to the guidelines of the US NCEP. The second stage consisted of reevaluation of those patients in the post-surgical period in order to determine the prevalence of MS in an outpatient setting.
Prior to surgery, MS was diagnosed in 27 patients (77.1%). When those patients were reevaluated 34.4+/-15 months after surgery, a reduction of mean BMI to 28.3+/-5.0 Kg/m(2) and MS was identified in only two patients (5.7%) (p<0.001). Prevalence of individual criteria such as abdominal circumference, fasting glucose levels, arterial blood pressure, HDL-cholesterol and triglycerides had a reduction of 45.8%, 83%, 87.5%, 57.13% and 94% respectively.
MS is a rather common feature in obese patients enrolled for BS and this procedure has been proved to be extremely efficient reversing the metabolic syndrome, with an expressive reduction of prevalence of each and all of the NCEP criteria.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: FUNDAMENTO: A síndrome metabólica (SM) está frequentemente ligada ao excesso de peso e melhora com a perda ponderal, sendo esperado que essa melhora seja proporcional à intensidade dessa perda. OBJETIVO: Avaliar o impacto da perda ponderal induzida pela cirurgia bariátrica (CB) sobre a prevalência da SM, em médio prazo. MÉTODOS: Foram analisados 35 pacientes submetidos à cirurgia de by-pass gastrojejunal em Y de Roux, no período de outubro de 2001 a outubro de 2005, em nosso HU, sendo 88,5% do sexo feminino, com uma média de idade de 37,8±11,1 anos e um IMC médio de 45,0±6,2 kg/m2. Na primeira etapa da pesquisa, foram obtidos dados demográficos e clínico-antropométricos antes da realização da CB, incluindo os critérios para o diagnóstico da SM, de acordo com as diretrizes do NCEP dos Estados Unidos. Na segunda etapa, os pacientes operados foram reavaliados ambulatorialmente quanto à prevalência da SM. RESULTADOS:Antes da cirurgia, a SM foi diagnosticada em 27 pacientes (77,1%). Em reavaliação 34,4±15 meses após a cirurgia, observou-se uma queda do IMC médio para 28,3±5,0 kg/m2 e a SM foi detectada em apenas dois pacientes (5,7%) (p<0,001). A prevalência dos critérios cintura abdominal, glicemia, pressão arterial, HDL-colesterol e triglicerídeos foi reduzida em, respectivamente, 45,8%, 83%, 87,5%, 57,13% e 94%. CONCLUSÃO: A SM é ocorrência comum em obesos candidatos à CB e esse procedimento se mostrou extremamente eficaz na indução da regressão da síndrome, verificando-se redução expressiva da prevalência de todos os critérios do NCEP.
No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Arquivos Brasileiros de Cardiologia
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High blood pressure is a common reason for patients to seek an emergency room, and many of them may possibly be wrongly diagnosed with hypertensive crisis and, consequently, be inappropriately treated.
To analyze the cases of patients seen in a general emergency room because of high blood pressure as for meeting the criteria for the diagnosis of hypertensive crisis and the appropriateness of medical management.
Of the 1012 patients consecutively seen in a private referral general emergency room in the city of São Luís, State of Maranhão, between August and November 2003, 198 (19.56%) had a main diagnosis of high blood pressure in that visit. Of these, proper information could only be obtained from the patient charts of 169 patients; 54.4% of them were females with a mean age of 53.3 +/- 15.2 years. Data regarding patients and the attendant physicians were collected, and each case was classified as an urgency, emergency or pseudohypertensive crisis; the medical management was classified as appropriate or inappropriate. We also sought to identify the factors associated with the medical management and with the use of antihypertensive medication.
Criteria for the characterization of a hypertensive crisis were present in only 27 patients (16%), and all were classified as urgencies. Medical management was considered appropriate in 72 cases (42.6%), and was neither influenced by specialty (p=0.5) nor by the physician's experience (p=0.9). Blood pressure levels, but not the presence or absence of symptoms, were predictive of the use of antihypertensive medication (p<0.001).
In the population analyzed, less than one fifth of the patients seen in an emergency room with a presumed hypertensive crisis met defined criteria for this diagnosis. Medical management was considered appropriate in less than half of the occurrences.