[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Key derivatives and analogues of fostriecin were prepared and examined that revealed a fundamental role for the unsaturated lactone and confirmed the essential nature of the phosphate monoester. Thus, an identical 200-fold reduction in protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) inhibition is observed with either the saturated lactone (7) or with an analogue that lacks the entire lactone (15). This 200-fold increase in PP2A inhibition attributable to the unsaturated lactone potentially may be due to reversible C269 alkylation within the PP beta12-beta13 active site loop accounting for PP2A/4 potency and selectivity.
No preview · Article · Jan 2004 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A review of the current status of the chemistry and biology of fostriecin (CI-920) is provided. Fostriecin is a structurally unique, naturally-occurring phosphate monoester that exhibits potent and efficacious antitumor activity. Initially it was suggested that its activity could be attributed to a direct, albeit weak, inhibition of the enzyme topoisomerase II. However, recent studies have shown that fostriecin inhibits the mitotic entry checkpoint through the much more potent and selective inhibition of protein phosphatase 2A (PP2A) and protein phosphatase 4 (PP4). In fact, it is the most selective small molecule inhibitor of a protein phosphatase disclosed to date. The contribution, if any, that topoisomerase II versus PP2A/PP4 inhibition makes to fostriecin's antitumor activity has not yet been fully defined. Initial phase I clinical trials with fostriecin never reached dose-limiting toxicity or therapeutic dose levels and were halted due to its storage instability and unpredictable chemical purity. Hence, the total synthesis of fostriecin has been pursued in order to confirm its structure and stereochemistry, to provide access to quantities of the pure natural product, and to access key partial structures or simplified/stable analogs. Several additional natural products have been isolated which contain similar structural features (phospholine, phoslactomycins, phosphazomycin, leustroducsins, sultriecin, and cytostatin), and some exhibit comparable biological properties.
No preview · Article · Dec 2002 · Current Medicinal Chemistry