Publications (5)18.97 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Osteopontin (OPN) is a glycophosphoprotein that has variety of physiological functions. OPN is expressed in various human cancers and associated with tumor progression, invasion and metastasis in many manners. The purpose of this study is to investigate the clinical significance of OPN expression in metastatic lymph node of uterine cervical cancers, since the prognosis of the patients with lymph node metastasis is extremely poor. Immunohistochemical staining revealed OPN was distributed in the cytoplasm and nuclear compartments of the cancer and stromal cells within and around the tumor. In 25 of the 40 cases, stronger staining for OPN was found in the cancer cells or stromal cells of the metastatic lymph node lesion than in those of the primary tumor. The OPN level was significantly (P<0.05) increased in 25 of 40 metastatic lymph node lesions of uterine cervical cancers. The OPN increased cases identified by immunohistochemical staining were consistent with those identified by the sandwich immunoassay. The prognosis of the 25 patients with significant increase of OPN in uterine cervical cancers was extremely poor, whereas the 24-month survival rate of the 15 patients with no increase of OPN was 67%. This indicates that OPN may contribute to lymph node metastasis and its advancement, and that the OPN level in metastatic lesion may be a prognostic indicator in uterine cervical cancers.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2007 · Cancer Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is essential for the development, growth and advancement of solid tumors. Angiogenesis is induced by hypoxia with angiogenic transcription factor hypoxia inducible factors (HIF). This prompted us to study the clinical implications of HIF relative to angiogenesis in uterine cervical cancers. Although there was no significant difference in HIF-1alpha histoscores and mRNA levels according to histopathological type or lymph node metastasis, HIF-1alpha histoscores and mRNA levels increased significantly with advancing cancer stages. The prognosis of 30 patients with high HIF-1alpha in uterine cervical cancers was poor (73% survival), whereas the 24-month survival rate of the other 30 patients with low HIF-1alpha was 93%. HIF-1alpha histoscores and mRNA levels were correlated with the levels of the angiogenic factors thymidine phosphorylase and interleukin-8, and HIF-1alpha might be linked with these factors in cervical cancer tissue. HIF-1alpha is a candidate for prognostic indicator as an angiogenic mediator in uterine cervical cancer.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2006 · Cancer Science
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    ABSTRACT: Angiogenesis is essential for the development, growth and advancement of solid tumors. Angiogenesis is induced by hypoxia with the angiogenic transcription factor hypoxia-inducible factor (HIF). This prompted us to study the clinical implications of HIF relative to angiogenesis in uterine endometrial cancers. Sixty patients underwent curative resection for uterine endometrial cancers. In the tissue of 60 uterine endometrial cancers, HIF-1alpha, HIF-2alpha and HIF-1beta mRNA levels, and the ratio of angiopoietin (Ang)-2 to Ang-1 (Ang-2/Ang-1) mRNA levels were determined by RT real-time PCR; histochemical scores and localization of HIF-1alpha were determined by immunohistochemistry. Levels of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF), vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), thymidine phosphorylase (TP) and interleukin-8 (IL-8) were determined by enzyme immunoassay. In stage I uterine endometrial cancers, HIF-1alpha histochemical scores and mRNA levels significantly increased with myometrial invasion of uterine endometrial cancers. HIF-1alpha histochemical scores and mRNA levels correlated with the levels of Ang-2/Ang-1 and IL-8. The angiogenic mediator HIF-1alpha, linked to Angs and IL-8, might work on angiogenesis with myometrial invasion of cancer cells in uterine endometrial cancers.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: The mRNAs of estrogen receptor beta (ERbeta), and its splice variant, ERbeta2, are abundant in granulosa cells in the ovary. With the use of antibodies, ERbeta protein has also been shown to be abundantly expressed, but to date no ERbeta2 protein has been demonstrated in the ovary. ERbeta2 has a peptide, 18 amino acids in length, inserted into its ligand-binding domain, resulting in a reported 35-fold reduction in its affinity for estrogen (E2). ERalpha, ERbeta1 and ERbeta2 were quantified by Western blotting and by RT-PCR and their cellular localization in the ovary was examined by immunohistochemistry. In 3- and 5-week-old virgin, pregnant, lactating and post-lactating rats, the level of ERalpha protein ranged between 1.6 and 3.8 fmol/microg total protein. That of ERbeta was 8.8-11.2 and of ERbeta2, in the same samples, 4.1-5.9 fmol/microg total protein. ERbeta2 and ERbeta1 proteins were, therefore, present in approximately equal amounts in the ovary throughout the various reproductive stages. The major ERbeta proteins in rat ovary, detected by their molecular weights on Western blots, were ERbeta1-530 and ERbeta2-548 (530+18 amino acids (aa)). Immunohistochemical staining revealed that ERbeta and ERbeta2 were expressed predominantly in granulosa cells of growing follicles, while ERalpha was found only in theca cells. In some theca cells, both ERalpha, ERbeta2 were expressed. The data suggests that in theca cells, where it is co expressed with ERalpha, ERbeta2 could function as a repressor of ERalpha. However, in granulosa cells where no ERalpha is detectable, and where E2 levels are high, ERbeta2, with its low affinity for E2, could be an important sensor through which E2 exerts regulatory control.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology
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    ABSTRACT: Progesterone receptor (PR) has been recognized as an important factor that correlates with success of endocrine treatment and patients' prognoses in endometrial cancers (EC). This study was designed to determine the clinical implications of expression of PR form A (PR-A) and B (PR-B) in EC. We have quantified the mRNA levels of total PR (PR-AB) and PR-B by real-time RT-PCR in 120 EC and 40 normal endometria (NE). We then analyzed the correlation between expression levels of each receptor and clinical characteristics including clinical stages, histological grades, depth of myometrial invasion and patients' prognoses. Although the expression level of PR-B is correlated with that of PR-A, the expression pattern of PR-B classified according to clinical characteristics was different from that of PR-A. We found that high PR-B mRNA levels but not PR-A mRNA levels correlated significantly with survival, independent of clinical characteristics including clinical stages, histological grades and depth of myometrial invasion. Percentage of PR-B to total PR (B/AB) in EC is widely distributed and the ratios of middle B/AB group (0.15 < B/AB < 0.35) are 75% in NE, 47% in surviving cases of EC and 18% in dead cases of EC at 5 years, respectively. These results taken together indicate that PR-B may have a different function from PR-A and the intact coordinate expression of PR isoforms was disrupted in EC, especially in poor prognostic case. The measurement of PR isoforms has prognostic value in EC.
    No preview · Article · May 2004 · Gynecologic Oncology