Anna C McDonnel

University of Wyoming, Ларами, Wyoming, United States

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Publications (6)21.08 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Circumstantial evidence indicates that progestins reduce the risk of epithelial ovarian cancer. We report that the tumorigenic capacity of human ovarian carcinoma (SKOV-3) cells inoculated into the peritoneal cavity of athymic mice is suppressed by pretreatment with subcutaneous progesterone-releasing pellets. Numbers of tumor implants on the intestines/mesentery and invasiveness into underlying host tissues were reduced at 6 weeks following exposure to progesterone. Progesterone prevented tumors from forming on the liver. Life spans of progesterone-treated animals were prolonged. There was no beneficial effect of administration of progesterone if initiated after ovarian tumors had become established on organ surfaces. Our findings implicate a role for progesterone in ovarian cancer prophylaxis.
    No preview · Article · May 2005 · Cancer Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Cancer antigen 125 (CA-125) is expressed by malignant human ovarian surface epithelial cells and derivatives of the Müllerian duct system. This study explored the expression, regulation, and function of CA-125 in the bovine uterus. CA-125 was localized by immunohistochemistry to the apical surfaces of epithelial cells lining the endometrium and proximal glands of the late luteal phase and early pregnancy; antigen was not detected during oestrus or the postpartum period. Production of CA-125 by bovine endometrial cells in vitro was upregulated by progesterone and interferon-tau. Immunopurified CA-125 from uterine flushes of dioestrous or pregnant cows was similar in biochemical composition (as determined by gel electrophoresis and amino acid content) to the human antigen isolated from incubation medium conditioned by the ovarian cancer cell line OVCAR-3. Bovine CA-125 inhibited complement-induced lysis of antibody-sensitized sheep erythrocytes. It is suggested that endometrial CA-125 exerts a progestational role in part by protecting maternal and embryonic cells from immune targeting and lysis.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2003 · Reproduction (Cambridge, England)
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    ABSTRACT: The lethality of common (surface) epithelial ovarian cancer is contingent on its metastatic capacity. Dissemination of the neoplasia throughout the abdominal cavity has been associated with secretion of proteolytic enzymes from vesicles shed by ovarian cancer cells. We report that the lipophilic steroid hormone progesterone decreases the fluid dynamics of plasma membranes of human SKOV-3 adenocarcinoma cells. The decrease in membrane fluidity was related to an inhibition in vitro of exocytotic vesicle release, cellular invasiveness into Matrigel, and colony formation in three-dimensional collagen matrix. Tumorigenesis was suppressed by progesterone in immunocompromised nude mice inoculated intraperitoneally with SKOV-3 cells. Progestins could therefore be of benefit in the prevention and(or) treatment of early-stage ovarian carcinomatosis.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2003 · Experimental Biology and Medicine
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    William J Murdoch · Anna C McDonnel
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    ABSTRACT: Although ovarian mechanisms of ovulation have been a subject of investigation for more than a century, essential regulatory pathways remain uncertain. A role for the ovarian surface epithelium in ovulation has recently been demonstrated. Ovarian surface epithelial cells in close contact with the apical wall of preovulatory ovine follicles secrete a urokinase-type plasminogen activator in response to surge concentrations of (locally delivered) gonadotrophins. Urokinase activates latent collagenases and stimulates release of tumour necrosis factor alpha from thecal endothelium. Tumour necrosis factor alpha progressively induces matrix metalloproteinase gene expression, apoptosis and inflammatory necrosis. Collagenolysis and cellular death are a prelude to stigma formation and ovarian rupture. Epithelium exfoliated from the dome of ovulatory follicles is replenished by generative stem cell replication and migration from the wound edges. Common epithelial ovarian cancer has been related to successive bouts of ovulation and mitosis. The integrity of the DNA of surface cells circumjacent to the ovarian rupture site is compromised during the ovulatory process. Clonal expansion of an epithelial cell with damaged (unrepaired) DNA is a putative factor in carcinogenesis. Ovarian cancer is a deadly insidious disease because typically it is asymptomatic until the malignancy has reached beyond the ovaries.
    Preview · Article · Jul 2002 · Reproduction (Cambridge, England)
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    William J. Murdoch · Randy S. Townsend · Anna C. McDonnel
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    ABSTRACT: Oxidative base (8-oxoguanine) damage, DNA fragmentation, and apoptosis occurred among ovarian surface epithelial cells within the formative site of ovulation in sheep. The incidence of 8-oxoguanine adducts in surviving antiapoptotic Bcl-2/base excision repair polymerase beta-positive cells at the margins of ruptured follicles (which avoid the focal point of the ovulatory assault) was intermediate between apoptotic and outlying healthy epithelium. Cells containing perturbations to DNA expressed the tumor suppressor p53. Localized reactions of DNA injury and programmed cellular death were averted by ovulation blockade with indomethacin. Progesterone enhanced the biosynthesis of polymerase beta in ovarian surface epithelial cells exposed in vitro to a sublethal concentration of H(2)O(2). Ovulation is a putative etiological factor in common epithelial ovarian cancer. A genetically altered progenitor cell, with unrepaired DNA, but not committed to death, could give rise to a transformed phenotype that is hence propagated upon healing of the ovulatory wound; it appears that this incongruity is normally reconciled by up-regulation of the base excision repair pathway during the ensuing luteal phase.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2001 · Biology of Reproduction
  • A.C McDonnel · W J Murdoch
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    ABSTRACT: Urokinase plasminogen activator (uPA) has been implicated in the metastatic potential of ovarian carcinomas of surface epithelial origin. The SKOV-3 human ovarian cancer cell line was tested for uPA secretory responses (enzyme immunoassay of conditioned media) after treatments with sex steroids, human menopausal gonadotropins (hMG), or gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH). Secretion of uPA during a 6-h incubation was unaffected by testosterone, estradiol-17beta, hMG, or GnRH. Progesterone, at supraphysiological concentrations, suppressed uPA secretion; this reaction was not altered by the progesterone receptor antagonist RU486 or the transcriptional inhibitor actinomycin D. It appears that progesterone exerted a direct biophysical effect on the plasma membrane manifested by an interference with shedding of uPA in exocytotic vesicles. Finally, invasion of SKOV-3 cells into Matrigel was inhibited by progesterone. We suggest that progesterone can disrupt the fluid dynamics of plasma membranes and thereby invoke an antitumorigenic action via inhibition of proteolytic secretions.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2001 · The Journal of Steroid Biochemistry and Molecular Biology

Publication Stats

257 Citations
21.08 Total Impact Points


  • 2002-2005
    • University of Wyoming
      • • Department of Chemical and Petroleum Engineering
      • • Department of Animal Science
      Ларами, Wyoming, United States