Ahmad Zafir Arham

Aga Khan University Hospital, Karachi, Kurrachee, Sindh, Pakistan

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Publications (2)4.38 Total impact

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    Fahim H Jafary · Ahmad Zafir Arham · Fahad Waqar · Ali Raza · Hafeez Ahmed
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    ABSTRACT: There is paucity of outcomes data on patients receiving fibrinolytic therapy (FT) for acute ST-elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) in Indo-Asians. We conducted this study to determine survival as well as correlates of mortality in this population. Hospital charts of 230 patients receiving FT for acute STEMI between January 2002 and December 2004 were reviewed. Primary outcome variable was total mortality. Cox proportional hazards regression models were constructed. At a median follow-up of 717 days, 13.5% died, majority (23) during the in-hospital period. Multivariate predictors of mortality included (adjusted hazards ratio [HR], 95% confidence interval [CI]) age (HR 1.06, 95% CI 1.01-1.13), ejection fraction (HR 0.93, 95% CI 0.89-0.97), admission white cell count (HR 1.02, 95% CI 1.01-1.04) and change in ST-segment elevation (HR 0.96, 95% CI 0.92-0.99). We conclude that patients receiving FT for acute STEMI in Pakistan are a relatively high-risk group with a 10% in-hospital mortality and high frequency of recurrent events. Comparison data with primary angioplasty as an alternative strategy are needed.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 2007 · Journal of Thrombosis and Thrombolysis
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    ABSTRACT: Electroconvulsive therapy (ECT) is shown to be effective in many psychiatric illnesses, but its distorted projection by the Pakistani media and its unregulated use by many physicians across the country have adversely affected its acceptability. Given this situation we aimed to assess the awareness and perceptions regarding ECT as a treatment modality among the psychiatric patients. This was a questionnaire based cross-sectional study carried out at 2 tertiary care hospitals in Karachi, Pakistan. We interviewed 190 patients of which 140 were aware of ECT. The study showed that the level of education had a significant impact on the awareness of ECT (p = 0.009). The most common source of awareness was electronic and print media (38%), followed by relatives (24%) and doctors (23%). Physical injuries (42%) and neurological (12%) and cognitive disturbances (11%) were the commonly feared side effects. The most popular belief about ECT was that it was a treatment of last resort (56%). Thirty-nine percent thought that ECT could lead to severe mental and physical illness and 37% considered it inhumane. Patients' willingness to receive ECT was dependant on whether or not they were convinced of its safety (p = 0.001) and efficacy (p = 0.0001). We identified a serious lack of dissemination of information regarding ECT by the psychiatrists and the mental health care providers. This may be the result of an inadequate postgraduate training in Pakistan or just a lack of concern about the mentally ill patients. The media seemed to be the major source of information for our patients. We also saw the prevalence of a variety of myths regarding ECT in our society, which we feel may be responsible for the patients' adverse attitudes. Given the widespread applicability of ECT there is a dire need to dispel these misconceptions and improve its acceptability.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2007 · BMC Psychiatry