Yunshi Long

University of Louisville, Louisville, Kentucky, United States

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Publications (2)7.15 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To define renal gene expression during the development of severe albuminuria in OVE26 diabetic mice. Kidney microarray analysis was performed at 2, 4 and 8 months. Data were validated by RT-PCR, in situ hybridization and immunohistochemistry. Gene expression differences between control and diabetic mice increased 10-fold from 2 to 8 months. This change was most obvious for inflammatory genes. Three inflammatory genes, complement C3, VCAM1 and CD44 were upregulated more than 4-fold. Inflammatory gene expression correlated with albuminuria and C3 and CD44 increased in tubules that accumulated albumin. VCAM1 was induced in different tubules that were neither dilated nor accumulated albumin. Six of 8 genes previously reported to be markers of human advanced diabetic nephropathy and the NF-κB_IFN_x promoter module were elevated in the oldest diabetic mice. Vitamin D inhibits diabetic renal inflammation. Vitamin D and mRNA for vitamin D synthetic enzyme CYP2B1 were elevated in kidneys of young OVE26 mice. OVE26 mice induce inflammatory genes consistent with advanced renal disease, associated with severe albuminuria and to a greater extent than reported in other diabetic models. They provide an excellent model of diabetic nephropathy to assess the effect of induction of inflammatory proteins.
    No preview · Article · May 2011 · Nephron Experimental Nephrology
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    ABSTRACT: OVE26 diabetic mice develop severe albuminuria. Immunohistochemical analysis revealed a pattern of intense albumin staining in a small subset of OVE26 tubules. Immunostaining was strikingly heterogeneous; some tubules stained intensely for albumin, but most tubules had weak or no staining. Serial sectioning showed that staining patterns were distinctive for each nephron. Electron microscopy revealed that albumin accumulated in villi and at the base of the brush border. Tubule cell injury, as shown by loss of villi, tubule dilation, and cellular protrusions into the tubule lumen, was unambiguously associated with albumin staining. Examination of albumin staining of proteinuric human kidneys also showed a heterogeneous pattern of staining. Analysis of OVE26 serial sections indicated that all glomeruli connected to albumin-positive tubules were identified by albumin-stained lesions in the tuft that adhered to Bowman's capsule, implicating this as a critical feature of heavy albumin leakage. These results indicate that albumin accumulation provides a marker of damaged nephrons, and confirm that albumin leakage produces significant tubular damage. This study shows that that formation of sclerotic glomerular adhesions is a critical step leading to severe albuminuria.
    Full-text · Article · Aug 2009 · American Journal Of Pathology