[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Primary soft tissue non-Hodgkin lymphoma (NHL) of the extremities is very rare. The clinical features of NHL mimic those of other soft tissue tumors, particularly sarcoma; however, they should be differentiated, as the treatment and prognosis are completely different. In this study, the case of a 68-year-old female with a giant mass, movement disorder, numbness and painful sensations in the right thigh is presented. Magnetic resonance (MR) imaging revealed a huge circle-shaped mass. Fine needle aspiration cytology (FNAC) of the tumor demonstrated neoplastic small, round cells. The tentative diagnosis was of a mesenchymal sarcoma. The right thigh was amputated. On histological examination of the amputated extremity, the diagnosis was found to be large B cell lymphoma. Primary soft tissue NHL of the extremities is a systemic malignant disease and is sensitive to chemo-therapy and radiotherapy. The histological diagnosis should be identified as far as possible before the tumor is widely excised.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Single nucleotide polymorphisms in the promoter regions of matrix metalloproteinases (MMPs) and tissue inhibitors of metalloproteinase (TIMP) genes are associated with an adverse outcome in some cancers. We examined three polymorphisms: -1306C/T and -735C/T in MMP-2 and -418G/C in the TIMP-2 gene, using chain reaction restriction fragment length polymorphism typing analysis in 575 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL). We examined the possible correlations between the three polymorphisms (MMP-2 (-1306C/T and -735C/T) and TIMP-2 gene (-418G/C)) and the clinical significance and survival rate in patients with NHL. The incidence of the CT, TT+CT genotypes and T allele of -735C/T was significantly higher in stage III and IV patients compared to stage I and II patients. In cases with bone marrow infiltration, the TT genotypes of the -1306C/T gene were significantly less frequent compared to CC genotypes. The CT, TT and CT+TT genotypes and T allele in patients exhibiting the -1306C/T polymorphism were significantly less frequent in patients with a large tumor size compared to a smaller tumor. The TT genotypes of the -735C/T polymorphism were more common in patients with a large tumor compared to those with a smaller tumor. The frequency of the -1306C/-735T haplotype in patients with a smaller tumor size was significantly higher compared to patients with a large tumor. The -1306T/-735C and -1306C/-735C haplotypes were significantly less frequent in patients with B-symptoms compared to those without. Interestingly, patients with the -735CT genotype exhibited a lower rate of survival. Our results demonstrate that certain MMP-2 and TIMP-2 gene polymorphisms potentially effect the progression or assessment of prognosis for NHL. This research warrants further, larger scale studies.
Preview · Article · Sep 2012 · International Journal of Cancer
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Lymphoma of different histologic type can occur in the same patient. Here, we describe a 64-year-old male patient with angioimmunoblastic T-cell lymphoma (AITL) who subsequently developed diffuse large B-cell lymphoma (DLBCL). At the time of initial diagnosis, histologic examination of a left inguinal lymph node of the patient and a monoclonal pattern of TCRβ gene rearrangement showed typical features of AITL, and there was no evidence of a monoclonal B-cell population. Twenty-six months later, he had generalized lymphadenopathy and organs involvement by DLBCL. A monoclonal IgH gene rearrangement proved de novo development of secondary B-cell lymphoma and excluded relapse of a primary composite lymphoma. The in situ hybridization analysis showed Epstein-Barr-encoded RNA (EBER) sporadic positivity in sample collected from AITL but extensive positivity in the immunoblasts collected from DLBCL. Our observation supports the hypothesis that Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) is etiologically related to AITL in this case. Clonal expansion of EBV-associated DLBCL is a secondary event in AITL via EBV infection or reactivation.
No preview · Article · Apr 2012 · Diagnostic Cytopathology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Apolipoprotein E (apoE) is one of the major transporters of cholesterol in the body and is essential for maintaining various neural functions in the brain. Given that hypercholesterolemia is a risk factor in Alzheimer's disease (AD), it has been suggested that altered cholesterol metabolism may be involved in the development of the pathogenesis, including neural degeneration, commonly observed in AD patients. Neurotrophic factors and their receptors, which are known to regulate various neural functions, are also known to be altered in various neurodegenerative diseases. We therefore hypothesized that cholesterol metabolism may itself influence the neurotrophin system within the brain. We decided to investigate this possibility by modulating the amount of dietary cholesterol given to apoE-knockout (apoE-KO) and wild-type (WT) mice, and examining the mRNA expression of various neurotrophin ligands and receptors in their hippocampal formations. Groups of eight-week-old apoE-KO and WT mice were fed a diet containing either "high" (HCD) or "normal" (ND) levels of cholesterol for a period of 12 weeks. We found that high dietary cholesterol intake elevated BDNF mRNA expression in both apoE-KO and WT mice and TrkB mRNA expression in apoE-KO animals. On the other hand, NGF and TrkA mRNA levels remained unchanged irrespective of both diet and mouse type. These findings indicate that altered cholesterol metabolism induced by HCD ingestion combined with apoE deficiency can elicit a differential response in the various neurotrophin ligand/receptor systems in the mouse hippocampus. Whether such changes can lead to neural degeneration, and the mechanisms that may be involved in this, awaits further research.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) plays an important role in tumor angiogenesis and cancer progression. The VEGF genetic polymorphisms were shown to be independently associated with an adverse outcome in various malignancies. We investigated the possible associations of two polymorphisms (-2578C/A and +936C/T) in the VEGF gene with the clinicopathologic parameters for patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma (NHL).
We studied the genotype and allele frequencies of the -2578C/A and +936C/T polymorphism in DNA samples of 431 patients with NHL using restriction fragment length polymorphism typing analysis.
The -2578A allele was significantly associated with less frequent clinical staging III, IV and bone marrow involvement (The odds ratio (OR) 0.59; 95% confidence interval (CI) 0.43-0.82; and OR 0.66; 95% CI 0.48-0.91, respectively). The CA and CA + AA genotype of the -2578C/A were significantly associated with less frequent bone marrow involvement than CC genotypes (OR 0.57; 95% CI 0.38-0.86; and OR 0.57; 95% CI 0.39-0.85, respectively). The TT genotype of the +936C/T polymorphism was significantly associated with less frequent T cell histological type, clinical staging III, IV and bone marrow involvement (OR 0.25; 95% CI 0.07-0.89; OR 0.37; 95% CI 0.15-0.89; and OR 0.31; 95% CI 0.10-0.96, respectively). The +936 T allele was marginally associated with less frequent bone marrow involvement and with Clinical staging III, IV (OR 0.71; 95% CI 0.49-1.01; and OR 0.70; 95% CI 0.49-1.00, respectively). None of the evaluated genotypes of -2578C/A was significantly associated with the gender, age, tumor size, B symptoms and immunohistological subtype. No significant associations between the genotype of +936C/T and the clinicopathologic variables, gender, age, tumor size and B symptoms were ascertained. Both of the -2578C/A and +936C/T polymorphisms were not related to the patients' overall survival.
We present the first data on VEGF gene polymorphisms in NHL. Our findings support the hypothesis that the -2578 CA and CA + AA and +936 TT VEGF genotypes and -2578A and +936T alleles are associated with decreased risk for invasion. But the investigated VEGF gene polymorphisms were not associated with prognosis in patients with NHL.
No preview · Article · Sep 2009 · Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology