Y Saika

Osaka Medical College, Takatuki, Ōsaka, Japan

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Publications (22)23.02 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Torsion of the gallbladder is a relatively rare disease presenting a clinical picture of acute abdomen. Preoperative diagnosis of this disease has been reported to be difficult. We encountered one case which showed high density lesion near the neck of the gallbladder in plain CT and another case which showed absence of enhancement of the gallbladder wall in contrast-enhanced CT. These findings are considered to be characteristic for torsion of the gallbladder and useful for diagnosis of this disease.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2005
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. To investigate the usefulness of serum KL-6 and SP-D in the diagnosis of radiation pneumonitis. Methods. We measured serum KL-6 and SP-D in patients undergoing radiation therapy of the chest, primarily for lung cancer, in the Department of Radiology, Osaka Medical College and compared the results with the findings on plain chest X-ray films and thoracic computed tomography conducted at the same time. Results. The sensitivity of serum KL-6 and SP-D for diagnosing radiation pneumonitis were 68.2% and 70.0%, respectively, the specificity were 86.6% and 80.0%, and the accuracy were 82.0% and 77.8%. Examination of the relationship between lesion extent and activity and serum KL-6 showed that serum KI-6 values were higher when the lesion extended beyond the irradiation field than when the lesion was confined to within the irradiation field and that the value tended to be lower for old lesions than for active lesions. In patients with radiation pneumonitis in whom serum KL-6 and SP-D could be measured over time, KL-6 tended to increase after the lesion was discovered by imaging, whereas SP-D increased prior to this in many cases. Examination of the comparison between before radiotherapy and just after radiotherapy in the patients with radiation pneumonitis showed that SP-D had a consistent tendency to increase. Conclusion. Both serum KL-6 and SP-D had a satisfactory degree of sensitivity and specificity for diagnosing radiation pneumonitis. Serum KL-6 correlated with the extent and activity of the lesions. The results suggested that serum SP-D may be helpful for the early detection of radiation pneumonitis.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · Haigan
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    ABSTRACT: We reported a case of malignant gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) of ileum. A 59-year-old male complained lower abdominal fullness. Abdominal CT examination revealed a heterogeneously enhanced tumor connecting with the ileum wall. Superior mesenteric arteriography showed abnormal vessels in the pelvic cavity. The tumor was accompanied with necrosis and hemorrhage and arose from the ileum. Surgical resection was performed and the histopathological findings of the tumor were consistent with a malignant GIST.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004
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    ABSTRACT: Mesenteric panniculitis is rare inflammatory disorder of mesenteric fat tissue with unknown etiology. This disease has two pathologically different variants, inflammatory and fatty necrosis predominant form as mesenteric panniculitis and fibrosis predominant form as retractile mesenteritis. We encountered a case of retractile mesenteritis that had homogeneous appearance and contained greater proportion of soft tissue density on CT findings, and was performed surgical resection because differential diagnosis was difficult with malignant tumors. Retractile mesenteritis must be included in differential diagnosis when we encounter an abdominal homogeneous soft tissue density mass to avoid unnecessary extensive operation.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2004
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    ABSTRACT: A 50-year-old woman with a past history of breast cancer was referred to our department of radiology for detailed examination after abnormal shadows on chest x-ray were detected following a routine medical examination. After lung biopsy via thoracotomy, segmental resection of the lung was performed and mediastinal lymph nodes were dissected. A histopathological diagnosis of breast cancer with lung metastasis and mediastinal lymph-node metastases was made. Later, the patient complained of pain in the left lower extremity. A diagnosis of a left tibial metastasis was made according to bone scintigraphy and MRI. Radiation therapy at 50 Gy was then initiated. Chemotherapy and hormone therapy combined with bisphosphonate therapy (Bisphonal, once in 2 weeks), was also begun. During the treatment, the patient had multiple organ metastases including multiple brain metastases, and metastases to submental lymph nodes and the left adrenal gland. However, her bone metastasis was limited to the left tibial bone and no other bone lesions were detected by bone scintigraphy and MRI. She did not experience adverse effects from the bisphosphonate therapy. We consider that the inhibition of extension and further metastases of the tibial bone metastasis noted in this patient reflected the efficacy of bisphosphonate therapy, and that bisphosphonate therapy might become an essential treatment in patients with bone metastasis of breast cancer.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2002 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy
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    ABSTRACT: Objective. We studied the results and complications of CT-guided biopsy with CT fluoroscopy performed 66 lesions in 64 patients from March 1999 to February 2001. Methods. In addition to the conventional procedure of CT-guided biopsy, we use CT fluoroscopy for confirmation of the location of the tip of the biopsy needle and the accurate contact, in some cases, at the time of puncturing. Results. Examination results showed malignancy in 36 lesions and benign findings in 30 lesions. The sensitivity was 85.7%, specificity was 100.0%, and accuracy was 90.9%. Pneumothorax occurred in 20 out of 64 patients (31.3%). In a study on 26 small lesions (≤ 2 cm) in 25 patients, the sensitivity was 81.8%, specificity was 100.0%, accuracy was 92.3%. Pneumothorax occurred in 12 out of 25 patients (48:0%), more frequently than in patients with large lesions. In a study on 6 false negative cases, they tended to be intrapulmonary on location, small in diameter, and far from the skin puncture point. Conclusion. Examination results were satisfactory, especially in terms of accuracy in small lesions (≤ 2 cm). However, when the lesions were small, pneumothorax occurred frequently (48.0%).
    No preview · Article · Aug 2002 · Haigan
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    ABSTRACT: The objectives of this clinical study using iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) scintigraphy were (a) to evaluate cardiac sympathetic denervation in non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM) patients with and without hypertension and (b) to investigate the relation between cardiac sympathetic denervation and prognosis in NIDDM patients. We compared clinical characteristics and MIBG data [heart to mediastinum (H/M) ratio and % washout rate (WR)] in a control group and NIDDM patients with and without hypertension. MIBG scintigraphy was performed in 11 controls and 82 NIDDM patients without overt cardiovascular disease except for hypertension (systolic blood pressure >/=140 and/or diastolic blood pressure >/=90 mmHg). After MIBG examination, blood pressure was measured regularly in all NIDDM patients. There were significant differences between 65 normotensive and 17 hypertensive NIDDM patients with respect to age (55+/-11 vs 63+/-12 years, respectively, P<0.05), prevalence of diabetic retinopathy (12% vs 35%, respectively, P<0.05) and systolic blood pressure (120+/-12 vs 145+/-16 mmHg, respectively, P<0.001). The H/M ratio in hypertensive NIDDM patients was significantly lower than in the control group (1. 81+/-0.29 vs 2.27+/-0.20, respectively, P<0.01). During the follow-up period (18+/- 12 months), 17 NIDDM patients newly developed hypertension after MIBG examination. There were no significant differences in their clinical characteristics compared with persistently normotensive or hypertensive NIDDM patients. %WR in patients with new onset hypertension was significantly higher than in the control group (30.88%+/-16.87% vs 12.89%+/-11.94%, respectively, P<0.05). Moreover, in these patients %WR correlated with duration from the date of MIBG scintigraphy to the onset of hypertension (r=-0.512, P<0.05). Five NIDDM patients died during the follow-up period (four newly hypertensive patients and one normotensive patient). There were significant statistical differences between the control group and non-survivors in terms of age (54+/-11 vs 73+/-11 years, respectively, P<0.01), H/M ratio (2. 27+/- 0.20 vs 1.64+/-0.36, respectively, P<0.01) and %WR (12. 89%+/-11.94% vs 42.52%+/-22.39%, respectively, P<0.01). In conclusion, cardiac sympathetic denervation using MIBG scintigraphy observed in hypertensive NIDDM patients, and was more profound in non-survivors. MIBG scintigraphy proved useful for the evaluation of NIDDM patients with new onset hypertension, and it was found that NIDDM patients with abnormalities on MIBG scintigraphy needed to be observe carefully.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1999 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: 201Tl-SPECT was performed to diagnose the malignancy of bone and soft tissue tumors by visual and quantitative assessment in 48 patients (17 malignant lesions and 31 benign lesions). SPECT images were obtained in the early phase (15 min after injection) and the delayed phase (240 min). By visual assessment a tumor was considered malignant if high accumulation was found in the tumor in the early phase and the accumulation was confirmed in the delayed phase. Tumors which did not meet these criteria were considered benign. For quantitative assessment, the ROI (region of interest) accumulation ratios of the tumor to the contralateral normal tissue in the early phase (ER) and in the delayed phase (DR), the ROI accumulation ratio of the delayed phase to the early phase of the tumor (Td/Te), and the ROI accumulation ratio of the delayed phase to the early phase of the contralateral normal tissue (Nd/Ne) were obtained. Sixteen patients with malignant tumors each had a high accumulation each but 12 of 31 benign lesions had no high accumulation on visual assessment. Furthermore, the accuracy was 85.4%, sensitivity 94.1%, and specificity 80.6%. Quantitative assessment was performed for 36 cases of high accumulation. The ER of malignant and benign lesions was 5.51 +/- 3.73 and 2.75 +/- 2.17, respectively, and the ER of malignant lesions was significantly higher than that of benign lesions. The DR did not demonstrate a significant difference. If the tumor having an ER greater than 3.9 was assumed to be malignant, the accuracy for differentiating malignant lesions from benign lesions was 85.4%. The Td/Te of benign lesions (0.97 +/- 0.28) was higher than that of malignant lesions (0.77 +/- 0.09). The Nd/Ne of normal tissue which contained muscles in both lesions were higher than 1.4. In conclusion, 201Tl-SPECT was very useful for the differential diagnosis of benign or malignant bone and soft tissue tumors. The ER was important for quantitative assessment, but a delayed image was necessary for visual assessment.
    No preview · Article · May 1999 · Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to examine the effects of aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) and vitamin B12 (VB12) on myocardial uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in patients with diabetic autonomic disorder. Myocardial scintigraphy using 123I-MIBG was performed on 20 healthy volunteers (controls) and 56 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in order to obtain the heart/mediastinum ratio in the initial (HMi) and the delayed images (HMd), and the washout rate (%WR). Thirty-four of the 56 NIDDM patients could be diagnosed as having diabetic autonomic disorder by evaluating their scintigraphic findings in comparison with the controls. Seventeen of these 34 patients received 150 mg/day of doses before meals, and the other 17 received 1.5 mg/day of mecobalamin (VB12 group) in three divided doses after meals, for 3-5 months. According to the presence or absence of clinical symptoms of autonomic or peripheral somatic nerve disorder, the patients were subclassified into four groups. group 1=patients, with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 2=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 3=patients with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group; and group 4=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group. After completion of the treatment, myocardial scintigraphy was performed again. Comparing the results obtained before and after the treatment, it was seen that ARI improved only the HMi in group 1 (P=0.046), whereas VB12 significantly improved HMi in the group 3 (P=0.018) and HMi, HMd and %WR in group 4 (P=0.043, P=0.018 and P=0.043, respectively). We conclude that VB12 is more efficacious than ARI in the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic disorder.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1999 · European Journal of Nuclear Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: This study was undertaken to examine the effects of aldose reductase inhibitor (ARI) and vitamin B12 (VB12) on myocardial uptake of iodine-123 metaiodobenzylguanidine (MIBG) in patients with diabetic autonomic disorder. Myocardial scintigraphy using 123I-MIBG was performed on 20 healthy volunteers (controls) and 56 patients with non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus (NIDDM), in order to obtain the heart/mediastinum ratio in the initial (HMi) and the delayed images (HMd), and the washout rate (%WR). Thirty-four of the 56 NIDDM patients could be diagnosed as having diabetic autonomic disorder by evaluating their scintigraphic findings in comparison with the controls. Seventeen of these 34 patients received 150mg/day of epalrestat (ARI group) in three divided doses before meals, and the other 17 received 1.5mg/day of mecobalamin (VB12 group) in three divided doses after meals, for 3–5 months. According to the presence or absence of clinical symptoms of autonomic or peripheral somatic nerve disorder, the patients were subclassified into four groups. group 1=patients, with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 2=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the ARI group; group 3=patients with autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group; and group 4=patients without autonomic symptoms or somatosensory disorder in the VB12 group. After completion of the treatment, myocardial scintigraphy was performed again. Comparing the results obtained before and after the treatment, it was seen that ARI improved only the HMi in group 1 (P=0.046), whereas VB12 significantly improved HMi in the group 3 (P=0.018) and HMi, HMd and %WR in group 4 (P=0.043, P=0.018 and P=0.043, respectively). We conclude that VB12 is more efficacious than ARI in the treatment of diabetic cardiovascular autonomic disorder.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1998 · European journal of nuclear medicine and molecular imaging
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the quality of three-dimensional (3D) images of the abdominal vasculature acquired using enhanced helical CT, 3D reconstructions were performed for 43 examinations (38 patients). Twenty-one of 43 examinations were also reconstructed by Maximum Intensity Projection (MIP). The CT scanner employed was the Toshiba Xforce. Helical CT data were acquired using up to 20 continuous 1.5-sec rotations with an X-ray beam width of 5 mm and a couchtop movement speed of 5 to 10 mm/1.5 sec. Axial images were reconstructed at a section interval of 2 mm. Optimal protocol on enhanced helical CT was as follows: Iopamidol 300 mg I/ml was administered intravenously using a biphasic technique (3-4 ml/sec for the initial 100 ml, followed by 0.7-1.5 ml for the remaining 50 ml), and delay times of the early and late phases were 25-35 and 90 sec, respectively. Aortic branches were clearly demonstrated on early phase, while portal branches were well defined on late phase. In the visualization of abdominal vessels, 3D images were nearly equal to MIP images. However, for anteroposterior images, MIP images were superior to 3D images in quality, because 3D images had some longitudinal direction artifacts. Three-dimensional images were considered to be useful for correctly evaluating overlapping abdominal vasculatures. From the above results, 3D and MIP images of the abdominal vasculature obtained using enhanced helical CT were considered to compensate for each other.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1995 · Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the use of blueberry juice as an oral contrast agent in magnetic resonance (MR) imaging. MR imaging of phantoms of blueberry juice and of manganese chloride solutions with different manganese concentrations were conducted. Patient trials were conducted to evaluate manganese blood levels and signal intensity changes on MR images of the abdomen. T1- and T2-weighted conventional spin-echo MR imaging was performed at various field strengths. Six radiologists graded image contrast; signal intensities were calculated. T1 and T2 relaxation curves for blueberry juice and manganese chloride showed similar signal intensity profiles as a function of manganese concentration. Blood concentrations of manganese were unchanged before and after an oral dose of blueberry juice that contained 18 mg of manganese. The results of patient studies indicated that the optimal oral dose of manganese in blueberry juice was 3-4 mg/dL. T1 and T2 shortening were apparent at field strengths of 0.2-1.5 T. At appropriate concentrations, blueberry juice has the potential to be an effective oral contrast agent for MR imaging.
    No preview · Article · Feb 1995 · Radiology
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    ABSTRACT: To evaluate the clinical usefulness of three-dimensional (3D) images of pulmonary nodules acquired using helical CT, 3D reconstructions were performed in 32 patients using a CEMAX VIPstation. The CT scanner employed was the Toshiba Xforce. Helical CT data were acquired using up to 20 continuous 1.5-sec rotations with an X-ray beam width of 5 mm and a couchtop movement speed of 5 mm/1.5 sec. Axial images were reconstructed at a section interval of 2 mm. The optimal lower and upper threshold CT values for 3D images were as follows: 1) solid pulmonary nodule (-700--400/-100 HU), 2) tumor invading pleura or chest wall (-700--400/-200 HU), 3) pulmonary nodule with cavity (-700--400/50 HU), 4) small pulmonary nodule (< 10 mm) (-750--650/-100 HU), and 5) arteriovenous malformation (180/500 HU). In all cases, it was possible not only to demonstrate abnormal findings three-dimensionally but also to grasp anatomical relationships among the pulmonary nodule, bronchi, vessels, and chest wall.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1995 · Radiation Medicine
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    ABSTRACT: Myocardial relaxation at the diastolic phase was not evaluated by multi-gated myocardial SPECT, although myocardial contraction at the systolic phase was studied by percent wall thickening and Bull's eye methods. We make out a myocardial volume curve and report to evaluate the myocardial relaxation using multi-gated myocardial SPECT. The study population consisted of 3 normal human subjects (3 male, 32-37 years old), 10 idiopathic cardiomyopathy, 10 coronary artery disease and 1 hypertensive heart disease combined with aortic regurgitation. All cases were injected 555 MBq of 99mTc-tetrofosmin (Amersham Healthcare Corporation) intravenously at rest. A triple detector gamma-camera (GCA-9300A, Toshiba Medical, Japan) and a data processing computer (GMS-5500A, Toshiba Medical, Japan) were used in this study. A cardiac cycle (R-R interval) was divided by 16 frames (50-80 msec per 1 frame). Eight myocardial volume curves were calculated at the anterior wall, apex and inferior wall of the vertical long axis view and were calculated at the septal wall, apex and lateral wall of the horizontal long axis view, respectively. The patterns of the myocardial volume curves were classified into 5 patterns (Normal pattern (N), Delayed Contraction pattern (DC), Delayed Relaxation pattern (DR), Mixed pattern (M) and Normal pattern with Decreased amplitude (ND)). Myocardial uptake was evaluated visually of grading into severe hypertrophy (5), hypertrophy (4), normal (3), mild hypoperfusion (2), hypoperfusion (1) and perfusion defect (0). We compared patterns of the myocardial volume curves to myocardial uptake in the same segments. It was possible to detect myocardial edge of the total 16 frames with 50-60% threshold in the normal volunteer and in patients with hypertrophic cardiomyopathy and to make a myocardial volume curve. The region of the severe myocardial perfusion defect could be detected with 20% threshold in patients with old myocardial infarction. In comparison with myocardial volume curves and myocardial uptake, 74.6% in the N pattern had a normal uptake (3), 66.7% in the ND pattern had a normal uptake (3), 61.5% in the DC pattern had a hypoperfusion segment (0, 1 or fill-in to normal uptake), 44.4% in the DR pattern had a hypertrophic segment (4, 5 or fill-in to increased uptake). The pattern of myocardial volume curve indicates myocardial contractility and relaxation in each myocardial segment.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1995 · Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine
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    ABSTRACT: We investigated the clinical usefulness of the asymmetric film-screen system on postero-anterior chest roentgenograms for thoracic lesions. The asymmetric film-screen system, the so-called Kodak Insight thoracic imaging system, records a different image on each side of double-emulsion film. An image displaying the lung field is captured on the anterior side of the film, while one displaying the mediastinal, retrocardiac and retrodiaphragmatic structures is captured on the posterior side. The clinical usefulness of the asymmetric film was evaluated in 20 patients for visibility of the anatomical structures and abnormal lesions in comparison with conventional film. In the asymmetric film-screen system, the front and rear screens were HC (high contrast) and Regular, respectively. Chest radiography was performed at 200mA and 100kVp. As conventional film, we used SRC film (Konica, orthotype film), and chest radiography was performed at 100mA and 130kVp. The chest roentgenograms obtained with the asymmetric film-screen system provided better information on normal structures and abnormal lesions in the lung field, but slightly inferior information on mediastinal structures. In conclusion, it was considered that the asymmetric film-screen system was useful for thoracic lesions.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1994 · Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica
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    ABSTRACT: Manganese is known to affect relaxation times. Blueberry is naturally rich in manganese, and oral contrast effect by its squeezed juice (B. J) was expected. At some appropriate concentration of manganese within daily intake level, B. J worked as positive contrast agent on T1WIs and negative one on T2WIs simultaneously without any side effects. The negative effect on T2WIs could reduce ghost artifacts from motion of high intensity structures. B. J improved confirmation of gastroduodenal tract regardless of field strength and could be adapted for fast SE. We introduced a preliminary examination of B. J as an oral contrast agent for upper abdominal MRI.
    No preview · Article · Jun 1994 · Nihon Igaku Hoshasen Gakkai zasshi. Nippon acta radiologica
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    ABSTRACT: We reported a case of malignant lymphoma of the thyroid accompanied by interstitial pneumonitis during radiation therapy after systemic chemotherapy. Thyroid malignant lymphoma is a rare malignant tumor, which usually responds well to irradiation and systemic chemotherapy. Interstitial pneumonitis occurred during radiation after systemic chemotherapy. In this case, irradiation was simultaneously done with the chemotherapy. The radiation field included the neck and upper mediastinum. Chest X-ray showed multiple patchy shadows in both the middle and lower lung field, and it changed to contraction shadows after steroid pulse therapy. 67Ga scintigram showed multifocal increase of uptake, when chest X-ray patchy shadows were seen only in the middle and lower lung fields. 67Ga scintigraphy and CT were considered useful for evaluation of drug-induced interstitial pneumonitis.
    No preview · Article · Mar 1994 · Gan to kagaku ryoho. Cancer & chemotherapy

  • No preview · Article · Jan 1994 · Haigan
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    ABSTRACT: A case of benign paraganglioma arising in the middle mediastinum was reported. 201Tl SPECT showed high accumulation in tumor on early images at 15 min and reduced on late images at 3 hours after infusion. The patient was a 57 year old female. In the contrast enhanced CT, 3 x 4 cm tumor with intensive enhancement was recognized at the right middle mediastinum. Under the radiological images, the tumor was surgically removed. The pathologic diagnosis was a low atypical nonfunctioning aortico-pulmonary paraganglioma. This report was suggested that 201Tl SPECT was useful for differential diagnosis of benign neurogenic mediastinal neoplasms.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1993 · Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine
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    ABSTRACT: A Multi-gated SPECT was acquired commonly in 64 x 64 matrix and 8 frames per cardiac cycle (64 x 64/8F). But it was not established that 64 x 64 matrix and 8 frames per cardiac cycle were the most suitable in multi-gated SPECT. Five normal volunteers were examined multi-gated 201Tl SPECT with 5 acquisition modes of 128 x 128 matrix/16 frames, 128 x 128/8F, 64 x 64/32F, 64 x 64/8F using multi-detector SPECT system (GCA-9300). And we calculated percent wall thickening (%WT) [%WT = (ES counts - ED counts)/ED counts] in 9 cases with 64 x 64/8F. The images quality of both 128 x 128/16F and 128 x 128/8F was not clear in compared with images of both 64 x 64/16F and 64 x 64/8F, because the end-diastolic phase of 128 x 128/16F images showed a decreased uptake of 201Tl in the antero-apical region. Although 64 x 64 (8) images had only 8 frames per cardiac cycle, we could observe systolic and diastolic phase and we could calculate %WT. The %WT (M +/- SD) of horizontal long axis images were 48 +/- 15 (sept. basal), 48 +/- 19 (sept. apical), 65 +/- 29 (apex), 49 +/- 22 (lat. apical) and 40 +/- 15 (lat. basal).(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)
    No preview · Article · Oct 1993 · Kaku igaku. The Japanese journal of nuclear medicine