[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Iron is important general well being, to prevent or treat anemia, and is a cofactor of many enzymes in the anti-oxidant process. Effect of sodium iron ethylenediaminetetraacetate (NaFeEDTA) and ferrous sulfate on iron bioavailability and oxidative stress in anemic pregnant women was evaluated. A 2-month randomized controlled trial was conducted on 153 anemic pregnant women, with 80 <= Hb <110 g/L. They were randomly allocated to three groups: group C (n=51) was the placebo control group, group I (n=51) was supplemented daily with 60 mg iron as ferrous sulfate, and group IE (n=51) with 60 mg iron as NaFeEDTA. Blood samples were collected before and at the end of the intervention for measurements of hematological indices and oxidative stress parameters. Considerable increases of hematologic indicators were observed: 20.5 and 21.8 g/L for Hb (both p values <0.001); 4.81 and 7.19 μmol/L for plasma iron (both p values <0.001), 2.63 and 8.99 μg /L for ferritin (both p values <0.05) in I and IE groups, respectively, compared with the control group. Glutathione peroxidase (GSH-Px) activities increased by 32.6 and 75.3 IU/ml, and malondialdehyde (MDA) levels decreased by 0.70 and 1.12 μmol/L in I and IE groups, compared with the C group (p values <0.05). Moreover, differences of plasma iron, ferritin and GSH-Px activity were 2.38 μmol/L, 6.36 μg /L and 42.7 IU/ml were also significantly greater in the IE group than in the I group. Moderate iron supplementation may be beneficial to improving iron deficiency and oxidative stress, and NaFeEDTA is better than ferrous sulfate.
Preview · Article · Jan 2011 · Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Iron and vitamin A deficiencies impact anemia and the immune system.
to investigate the effect of iron combined with retinol supplementation on iron status, IL-2 level and lymphocyte proliferation.
a double-blind randomized trial conducted over 2 months. We randomly allocated 186 anemic pregnant women with 80 ≤ Hb 0 < 110 g/L into four groups. Group I (n=47) was supplemented daily with 60 mg iron as ferrous sulfate, IF (n=46) with 60 mg iron and 0.4 mg folic acid, IR (n=46) with 60 mg iron, 2.0 mg retinol and 0.4 mg folic acid and C (n=47) was the placebo group,.
after the 2 months trial, there were considerable increases of iron status in Hb, plasma iron and ferritin in the I, IF and IR groups compared with Group C. Increases in plasma iron and ferritin in the IR group were also significantly greater than in Groups I and IF. Compared with group C, increases of IL-2 levels were 119, 184 and 206 ng/L; and lymphocyte proliferation increased by 0.095, 0.112 and 0.219 in Groups I, IF and IR, respectively. Increases of IL-2 were 65.3 ng/L and 87.5 ng/L in Groups IF and IR, greater than in Group I (both p values <0.01); and lymphocyte proliferation in Group IR were 0.124 and 0.107, also greater than in Groups I and IF, respectively.
iron combined retinol supplementation was more beneficial to improving iron status and lymphocyte proliferation during pregnancy than iron alone.
Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · Asia Pacific Journal of Clinical Nutrition