Publications (1)2.7 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: High density lipoprotein (HDL) binds lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and neutralizes its toxicity. The aim of our study was to investigate the effects of Apolipoprotein (ApoA-I), the major apolipoprotein of HDL, on LPS-induced acute lung injury (ALI) and endotoxemia. BALB/c mice were challenged with LPS, followed by ApoA-I or saline administration for 24h. The mice were then sacrificed and histopathological analysis of the lung was performed. We found that ApoA-I could attenuate LPS-induced acute lung injury and inflammation. To investigate the mechanisms, we measured tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha), interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta) and interleukin-6 (IL-6) levels in the serum and bronchoalveolar lavage (BAL) fluid and found that ApoA-I could significantly inhibit LPS-induced increases in the IL-1beta and TNF-alpha levels in serum (P<0.05, respectively), as well as in the IL-1beta, TNF-alpha, and IL-6 levels in BAL fluid (P<0.01 and P<0.05, P<0.05, respectively). Moreover, we evaluated the effect of ApoA-I on the mortality of L-929 cells which were attacked by LPS-activated peritoneal macrophages. We found that ApoA-I could significantly inhibit the LPS-induced cell death in a dose-dependent fashion. Furthermore, we investigated in vivo the effects of ApoA-I on the mortality rate and survival time after LPS administration and found that ApoA-I significantly decreased the mortality (P<0.05) and increased the survival time (P<0.05). In summary, the results suggest that ApoA-I could effectively protect against LPS-induced endotoxemia and acute lung damage. The mechanism might be related to inhibition of inflammatory cytokine release from macrophages.
- Life Sciences (1)
Shanghai, Shanghai Shi, China
- Department of Biochemistry