[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Orientia -tsutsugamushi infection is an acute febrile disease due to the accidental transmission through human skin of forest dwelling vector Leptotrombidium larva. The authors observed liver dysfunctions in patients diagnosed with tsutsugamushi disease (Scrub typhus) in the past 3 years and report the data in the hope of bringing attention to this disease in the differential diagnosis of autumn-season hepatitis, especially of non-A, non-B and non-C hepatitis.
Medical records of 22 patients diagnosed with tsutsugamushi disease by the hemagglutinin method between October 2000 and November 2002 were reviewed.
Female gender was dominant in the ratio of 3.4:1. Mean age was 56.4 +/- 2.6. Admission was between 23rd September and 15th November with the peak between mid October and early November. Fever, being the most common symptom, was observed in 21 cases, myalgia in 13, arthralgia in 12, chills in 6, and skin rash in 6. An incubation period of 7-9 days was most common (10 cases), 13-15 days (4), 10-12 days (3), within 3 days (3), and 4-6 days (2). Average ALT, AST and GGTP were increased to 93.2 +/- 17.3 IU/L (18 +/- 345 IU/L), 92.5 +/- 11.7 IU/L (34-255 IU/L) and 132.2 +/- 14.5 IU/L (19-251 IU/L), respectively, but total bilirubin was normal. All the patients improved with doxycycline therapy.
Since it usually shows liver dysfunction, it is important to take Orientia tsutsugamushi into consideration in differential diagnosis of autumn-season, febrile hepatic disease.
No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · Taehan Kan Hakhoe chi = The Korean journal of hepatology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study was designed to determine the relationship of propranolol pharmacokinetic parameters with portosystemic shunt in CCl4-induced cirrhotic rats.
Cirrhotic rats(n=6) were induced by intramuscular injection of CCl4 in olive oil(two time per weeks) for 12 weeks. Controls (n=6) were injected intramuscularly with the same dose of olive oil for 12 weeks. We evaluated the amount of portosystemic shunt by thallium-201 per rectal scintigraphy. After intravenous bolus injection of propranolol (2mg/kg) to rats, the serum propranolol concentrations were analyzed by a HPLC-fluorimetric detector system. Pharmacokinetic parameters such as C0, AUC, t1/2(beta), and CLp were determined in each group. Then, a small amount of heptic tissue was obtained and subjected to determination of the hepatic collagen content by quantitating 4-hydroxyproline and were inspected by microscope after hematoxylin and eosin stain.
In liver biopsy, liver fibrosis progressed in CCl4-induced cirrhotic rats. The serum concentrations of propranolol were significantly (p < 0.01) elevated in CCl4-induced cirrhotic rats. Mean amount of 4-hydroxyproline, mean H/L ratio, and mean AUC in CCl4-induced cirrhotic rats was significantly (p < 0.01) higher than that in control rats. There was a relationship between AUC, H/L ratio, and amount of 4-hydroxyproline.
H/L ratio may help in the selection of drug dosage (especially blood flow dependent drug) in pre-clinical studies for chronic liver disease during the drug development process.
No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Taehan Kan Hakhoe chi = The Korean journal of hepatology