Publications (8)20.06 Total impact
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This article describes the first reported case of dramatic lymphocytosis flare after initiation of R-CHOP (rituximab, cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, and prednisone) therapy for an indolent lymphoma. The study patient exhibited a marginal zone lymphoma with mild nodal involvement but packed infiltration of the bone marrow. After initiation of RCHOP therapy, lymphocyte count increased from 329 to 707 × 10/L at day 7. Patient exhibited grade III infusion-related side effect during rituximab therapy. Lymphocyte flare was not accompanied with other clinical manifestation such as lymph node enlargement. Because patient's bone marrow aspirate showed a packed infiltration, it was hypothesized that lymphocytosis flare was a link to lymphocyte release from bone marrow and lymphocyte demargination. This report highlights the necessity to be vigilant after initiation of RCHOP therapy for lymphoma when pathologist notified a pack infiltration of the bone marrow.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background Human babesiosis is a rare tick-borne infectious disease. The clinical presentation ranges from an asymptomatic form to a life threatening infection with severe hemolysis. Human babesiosis due to Babesia microti is the most common and is endemic in North America. Case presentation We report a European patient with severe pancytopenia and reactive hemophagocytosis related to a Babesia microti infection. Babesia infection was acquired during a travel in the USA. Conclusion Babesiosis should be considered in patients who traveled in endemic areas, especially North America for the most common agent Babesia microti.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Purpose: Drug resistance and severe toxicities are limitations when handling 5-FU. We have developed a triple liposomal formulation of 5-FU combined to 2'-deoxyinosine and folinic acid to improve its efficacy-toxicity balance. Methods: Stealth liposomes were obtained using the thin-film method. Antiproliferative activity was tested on human colorectal and breast cancer models using sensitive (HT29) and resistant (SW620, LS174t, MDA231) cell lines. In vivo, pharmacokinetics, biodistribution and safety studies were performed in rodents. Finally, efficacy was evaluated using two tumor-bearing mice models (LS174 and MDA231) with response and survival as main endpoints. Results: LipoFufol is a 120-nm pegylated liposome, displaying 20-30% encapsulation rates. In vitro, antiproliferative activities were higher than 5-FU, and matched that of FolFox combination in colorectal models, but not in breast. Drug monitoring showed an optimized pharmacokinetics profile with reduced clearance and prolonged half-life. Liposome accumulation in tumors was shown by fluorescence-based biodistribution studies. Beside, milder neutropenia was observed when giving LipoFufol to animals with transient partial DPD-deficiency, as compared with standard 5-FU. In LS174t-bearing mice, higher response and 55% longer survival were achieved with Lipofufol, as compared with 5-FU. Conclusion: The issues of drug-resistance and drug-related toxicity can be both addressed using a stealth liposomal formulation of modulated 5-FU.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hemophagocytic lymphohistiocytosis (HLH) is a life-threatening condition due to the association of an infectious agent with lymphocyte cytotoxicity defects, either of congenital genetic origin in children or presumably acquired in adults. In HLH patients, an excess of lymphocyte or macrophage cytokines, such as IFN-γ and TNFα is present in serum. In animal models of the disease, IFN-γ and TNF-α have been shown to play a central pathogenic role. In humans, unusually high concentrations of IL-18, an inducer of IFN-γ, and TNF-α have been reported, and are associated with an imbalance between IL-18 and its natural inhibitor IL-18 binding protein (IL-18BP) resulting in an excess of free IL-18. Here we studied whether IL-18BP could reduce disease severity in an animal model of HLH. Mouse cytomegalovirus infection in perforin-1 knock-out mice induced a lethal condition similar to human HLH characterized by cytopenia with marked inflammatory lesions in the liver and spleen as well as the presence of hemophagocytosis in bone marrow. IL-18BP treatment decreased hemophagocytosis and reversed liver as well as spleen damage. IL-18BP treatment also reduced both IFN-γ and TNF-α production by CD8(+) T and NK cells, as well as Fas ligand expression on NK cell surface. These data suggest that IL-18BP is beneficial in an animal model of HLH and in combination with anti-infectious therapy may be a promising strategy to treat HLH patients.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Sterile inflammation resulting from cell death is due to the release of cell contents normally inactive and sequestered within the cell; fragments of cell membranes from dying cells also contribute to sterile inflammation. Endothelial cells undergoing stress-induced apoptosis release membrane microparticles, which become vehicles for proinflammatory signals. Here, we show that stress-activated endothelial cells release two distinct populations of particles: One population consists of membrane microparticles (<1 μm, annexin V positive without DNA and no histones) and another larger (1-3 μm) apoptotic body-like particles containing nuclear fragments and histones, representing apoptotic bodies. Contrary to present concepts, endothelial microparticles do not contain IL-1α and do not induce neutrophilic chemokines in vitro. In contrast, the large apoptotic bodies contain the full-length IL-1α precursor and the processed mature form. In vitro, these apoptotic bodies induce monocyte chemotactic protein-1 and IL-8 chemokine secretion in an IL-1α-dependent but IL-1β-independent fashion. Injection of these apoptotic bodies into the peritoneal cavity of mice induces elevated serum neutrophil-inducing chemokines, which was prevented by cotreatment with the IL-1 receptor antagonist. Consistently, injection of these large apoptotic bodies into the peritoneal cavity induced a neutrophilic infiltration that was prevented by IL-1 blockade. Although apoptosis is ordinarily considered noninflammatory, these data demonstrate that nonphagocytosed endothelial apoptotic bodies are inflammatory, providing a vehicle for IL-1α and, therefore, constitute a unique mechanism for sterile inflammation.
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Familial macrothrombocytopenias are a group of rare autosomal dominant platelet disorders including many syndromes in particular the May-Hegglin anomaly. They are characterized by thrombocytopenia with giant platelets and in some cases neutrophilic inclusions in peripheral blood granulocytes. Recently these different clinical entities have been demonstrated to be linked to mutations in the same gene, MYH9. We report in a young African woman presenting as a May-Hegglin anomaly a new mutation of the MYH9 gene. In regard of this case we present a brief review of the MYH9 syndrome. The MYH9 syndrome includes now several clinical entities who share some common clinical and biological characteristics such as a thrombocytopenia with giant platelets, presence or absence of other manifestations including Dohle like bodies, nephritis, sensorineural hearing loss, cataract. We report a new case in which a new mutation of the MYH9 gene was evidenced.