[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Summary1. Rosiglitazone is widely used in the treatment of Type 2 diabetes. However, in recent years it has become evident that the therapeutic effects of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor γ ligands reach far beyond their use as insulin sensitizers. Recently, the ability of rosiglitazone pretreatment to induce cardioprotection following ischaemia–reperfusion (I/R) has been well documented; however, the protective mechanisms have not been elucidated. In the present study, examined the role of the phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3-K)/Akt signalling pathway in rosiglitazone cardioprotection following I/R injury.2. Mice were pretreated with 3 mg/kg per day rosiglitazone for 14 days before hearts were subjected to ischaemia (30 min) and reperfusion (2 h). Wortmannin (1.4 mg/kg, i.p.), an inhibitor of PI3-K, was administered 10 min prior to myocardial I/R. Then, activation of the PI3-K/Akt/glycogen synthase kinase (GSK)-3α signalling pathway was examined. The effects of PI3-K inhibition on rosiglitazone-induced cardioprotection were also evaluated.3. Compared with control rats, the ratio of infarct size to ischaemic area (area at risk) and the occurrence of sustained ventricular fibrillation in rosiglitazone-pretreated rats was significantly reduced (P < 0.05). Rosiglitazone pretreatment attenuated cardiac apoptosis, as assessed by ELISA to determine cardiomyocyte DNA fragmentation. Rosiglitazone pretreatment significantly increased levels of phosphorylated (p-) Akt and p-GSK-3α in the rat myocardium. Pharmacological inhibition of PI3-K by wortmannin markedly abolished the cardioprotection induced by rosiglitazone.4. These results indicate that rosiglitazone-induced cardioprotection in I/R injury is mediated via a PI3-K/Akt/GSK-3α-dependent pathway. The data also suggest that modulation of PI3-K/Akt/GSK-3α-dependent signalling pathways may be a viable strategy to reduce myocardial I/R injury.
Article · Jan 2010 · Clinical and Experimental Pharmacology and Physiology