Valérie Thuries

Hôpitaux Universitaires La Pitié salpêtrière - Charles Foix, Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France

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Publications (3)17.46 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Aims: Although demyelination is an important cause of neurological deficits in multiple sclerosis (MS), recently axonal pathology and concomitant involvement of sodium channels (Nav) became a focus of major interest. Studies in experimental autoimmune encephalomyelitis (EAE) and MS have shown diffuse expression of Nav1.6 and Nav1.2 along demyelinated axons. However, the relation between this expression by the axon and its environment is not yet known. The aim of this exploratory study was to identify the neuropathological characteristics of the plaque associated with the changes of sodium channel axonal expression. Methods: We analysed by immunohistochemistry the expression of Nav1.6 and Nav1.2 along demyelinated axons in 64 plaques from 12 MS cases. To characterize the plaques, we used Luxol fast blue staining and immunohistochemistry for myelin basic protein, microglia/macrophages, T and B cells, reactive astrocytes and axonal lesions performed on sections of formalin-fixed, paraffin-embedded tissue. Results: The presence of diffuse axonal expression of Nav1.6 was equally distributed between active demyelinating and inactive not demyelinating plaques based on presence or absence of myelin laden macrophages respectively. However, presence of diffuse axonal expression of Nav1.6 was more frequent within plaques with T cells infiltrate and microglial hyperplasia. On the other hand, Nav1.2 diffuse axonal expression seemed to be independent of the neuropathological environment of the plaque. Conclusions: The cellular environment of the axon influences the differential expression of Nav channels. A better understanding of the influence of the inflammation on sodium channels mediated axonal degeneration could offer therapeutic perspectives.
    No preview · Article · May 2013 · Neuropathology and Applied Neurobiology
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    ABSTRACT: Fluorescence in situ hybridization is an indispensable technique used in routine pathology and for theranostic purposes. Because fluorescence in situ hybridization techniques require sophisticated microscopic workstations and long procedures of image acquisition with sometimes subjective and poorly reproducible results, we decided to test a whole-slide imaging system as an alternative approach. In this study, we used the latest generation of Pannoramic 250 Flash digital microscopes (P250 Flash digital microscopes; 3DHISTECH, Budapest, Hungary) to digitize fluorescence in situ hybridization slides of diffuse large B cells lymphoma cases for detecting MYC rearrangement. The P250 Flash digital microscope was found to be precise with better definition of split signals in cells containing MYC rearrangement with fewer truncated signals as compared to traditional fluorescence microscopy. This digital technique is easier thanks to the preview function, which allows almost immediate identification of the tumor area, and the panning and zooming functionalities as well as a shorter acquisition time. Moreover, fluorescence in situ hybridization analyses using the digital technique appeared to be more reproducible between pathologists. Finally, the digital technique also allowed prolonged conservation of photos. In conclusion, whole-slide imaging technologies represent rapid, robust, and highly sensitive methods for interpreting fluorescence in situ hybridization slides with break-apart probes. In addition, these techniques offer an easier way to interpret the signals and allow definitive storage of the images for pathology expert networks or e-learning databases.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2013 · Human pathology
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    ABSTRACT: A K17I mutation in the ANG gene encoding angiogenin has been identified in a case that we previously published as ALS with neuronal intranuclear protein inclusions (Seilhean et al. in Acta Neuropathol 108:81-87, 2004). These inclusions were immunoreactive for smooth muscle alpha-actin but not for angiogenin. Moreover, they were not labeled by anti-TDP-43 antibodies, while numerous cytoplasmic inclusions immunoreactive for ubiquitin, p62 and TDP-43 were detected in both oligodendrocytes and neurons in various regions of the central nervous system. In addition, expression of smooth muscle alpha-actin was increased in the liver where severe steatosis was observed. This is the first neuropathological description of a case with an ANG mutation. Angiogenin is known to interact with actin. Like other proteins involved in ALS pathogenesis, such as senataxin, TDP-43 and FUS/TLS, it plays a role in RNA maturation.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Acta Neuropathologica

Publication Stats

43 Citations
17.46 Total Impact Points


  • 2013
    • Hôpitaux Universitaires La Pitié salpêtrière - Charles Foix
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France
  • 2009
    • Hôpital La Pitié Salpêtrière (Groupe Hospitalier "La Pitié Salpêtrière - Charles Foix")
      • Département de Neuropathologie
      Lutetia Parisorum, Île-de-France, France