[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Deciding on the appropriate antiplatelet therapy is a challenge when treating patients with idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (ITP) and who are undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). We describe here a case of PCI in a patient with chronic, refractory ITP. A 61-year-old woman presented with exertional chest pain and a low platelet count (4×109/L) at admission. Coronary angiography revealed 99% stenosis of the mid left anterior descending artery and 95% stenosis of the mid left circumflex artery. Antiplatelet agents couldn't be administered because of the risk of bleeding. After transfusion of platelets and administering intravenous immunoglobulin, we deployed baremetal stents in both lesions without administering any antiplatelet agents. Although focal in-stent restenosis developed 5 months later, there was no episode of stent thrombosis despite not using antiplatelet agents. The present case suggests that the rate of stent thrombosis may be lower was previously thought and antiplatelet therapy may be considered on a case by case for patient suffering with thrombocytopenia.
Preview · Article · Feb 2007 · Korean Circulation Journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eugenol is a major component of essential oil isolated from the Eugenia caryophyllata (Myrtaceae), which has been widely used as a herbal drug. In this study, we investigated the effects of eugenol on the cytotoxicity, induction of apoptosis, and the putative pathways of its actions in human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60) under the standard laboratory illumination. Eugenol-treated HL-60 cells displayed features of apoptosis including DNA fragmentation and formation of DNA ladders in agarose gel electrophoresis. We observed that eugenol transduced the apoptotic signal via ROS generation, thereby inducing mitochondrial permeability transition (MPT), reducing anti-apoptotic protein bcl-2 level, inducing cytochrome c release to the cytosol, and subsequent apoptotic cell death. Taken together, the present study demonstrated that ROS plays a critical role in eugenol-induced apoptosis in HL-60, and this is the first report on the mechanism of the anticancer effect of eugenol.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Eugenol is a major component of the essential oil isolated from Eugenia caryophyllata (Myrtaceae), and has been widely used as a traditional medicine. In this study, the effects of eugenol on the cytotoxicity, induction of apoptosis and putative pathways of its actions were investigated in human promyelocytic leukemia cells (HL-60).
Preview · Article · Jan 2005 · The Korean journal of hematology