Diana B. Fischer

Yale-New Haven Hospital, New Haven, Connecticut, United States

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Publications (25)99.57 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study is to investigate the implications of hypoxia and histological grade for survival in patients with gliomas. Tissue oxygen tension was measured intraoperatively using an Eppendorf pO2 Histograph. Survival was calculated from the date of the Eppendorf study to the date of last follow-up. Univariate analysis was performed stratifying patients by patient gender, type of anesthesia used, histological grade, extent of surgery, and patient age. Lastly univariate analysis was performed on the cohort after dichotomizing the median pO2 at 2.0 mmHg, 5.1 mmHg, and 10.0 mmHg. From March of 1996 to June of 1999, 25 patients were entered into this prospective trial. Two patients were excluded from analysis because polarographic measurements included normal brain tissue as well as tumor. Thus for analysis we included 13 patients with high grade gliomas (HGG) and 10 with low grade gliomas (LGG). The median tumor oxygen pressure for the entire cohort was 5.1 mmHg. Higher grade (P=0.0012) was prognostic for poorer survival. Patients were then stratified into groups with a median tumor oxygen tensions either above or below 2.0 mmHg, 5.1 mmHg, and 10.0 mmHg; there was no significant difference found in overall survival. Although histological grade was prognostic for survival, hypoxia, represented as the median tumor oxygen tension, was not a significant independent prognostic indicator of survival in this small and heterogeneous series of patients.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2006 · The Cancer Journal
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    ABSTRACT: Previous randomized trials have shown a benefit with concurrent use of the hypoxic cell cytotoxin mitomycin C (MC) and radiation (RT) in the management of squamous cell cancer of the head and neck (SCCHN). We conducted a randomized trial comparing MC with porfiromycin (POR) in combination with RT in the management of SCCHN. Between 1992 and 1999, 128 patients with SCCHN were enrolled in this prospective randomized trial. Patients were stratified by management intent, and balanced with respect to stage and site of disease. They were randomized to receive MC (15 mg/M(2)) or POR (40 mg/M(2)) on Days 5 and 47 (or last day) of RT. Of 121 evaluable patients, 61 were randomized to MC and 60 to POR. Patients were treated with standard daily RT to a total median dose of 64 Gy over 47 days. Patients were well balanced with respect to management intent, stage, site, age, sex, hemoglobin levels, tumor grade, radiation dose, and days on treatment. There were no significant differences between the two arms with respect to acute hematologic or nonhematologic toxicities. As of January 2003 with a median follow-up of 6.3 years, there have been 19 local relapses (4 MC vs. 15 POR), 21 regional relapses (7 MC vs. 14 POR), 24 distant metastases (11 MC vs. 13 POR), and 66 deaths (33 MC vs. 33 POR). MC was superior to POR with respect to 5-year local relapse-free survival (91.6% vs. 72.7%, p = 0.01), local-regional relapse-free survival (82% vs. 65.3%, p = 0.05), and disease-free survival (72.8% vs. 52.9%, p = 0.026). There were no significant differences between the two arms with respect to overall survival (49.2% vs. 54.4%) or distant metastasis-free rate (79.9% vs. 75.9%). Despite promising preclinical data, and an acceptable toxicity profile, POR was inferior to MC as an adjunct to RT in the management of SCCHN. This randomized trial emphasizes the need for randomized studies to evaluate new agents in the management of SCCHN.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2005 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of mitomycin C as an adjunct to radiotherapy for the treatment of locally advanced cervix cancer. Patients with squamous-cell carcinoma of the cervix, stages IB2-IVA, were randomized to receive radiotherapy alone or radiotherapy with concomitant mitomycin C. An initial cohort of 160 patients, having a mean follow-up of 46 months, is analyzed. Intravenous mitomycin C, 15 mg/M(2), was given on the first and sixth week of radiotherapy. The 78 patients in the radiotherapy with mitomycin C group and 82 patients in the radiotherapy alone group have a comparable distribution by age and stage (mean age 47 years; stage IB 3%, IIA 11%, IIB 48%, IIIA 1%, IIIB 36%, IVA 3%). The four-year actuarial survival rates for radiotherapy with mitomycin C and radiotherapy alone were 72% and 56%, respectively (P = 0.13). The four-year actuarial disease-free survival rates for radiotherapy with mitomycin C and radiotherapy alone were 71% and 44%, respectively, a statistically significant difference (P = 0.01). The four-year actuarial local recurrence-free survival rates for patients receiving radiotherapy with mitomycin C and radiotherapy alone were 78% and 63%, respectively (P = 0.11). Differences in four-year distant recurrence-free survival between radiotherapy plus mitomycin C and radiotherapy alone were significantly different at 85% vs. 61% (P = 0.01); this analysis is not adjusted for local failure. On subgroup analysis, stage III-IVA patients had a four-year actuarial disease-free survival of 75% for radiotherapy plus mitomycin C compared with 35% for radiotherapy alone (P = 0.03). There were no treatment- related deaths. Mild hematologic toxicity was seen only in the group treated with mitomycin C. No excess in non-hematologic toxicity has been observed thus far with combined mitomycin C and radiotherapy. In this open phase III trial of mitomycin C as an adjunct to radical radiotherapy for squamous-cell carcinoma of the cervix, there were minimal hematologic effects and no increase in acute radiation reactions. A statistically significant difference in favor of patients receiving mitomycin C is shown for disease-free survival. Thus far, there are trends in favor of those patients receiving mitomycin C for survival and local control. Patients with more advanced stage disease, predominantly stage IIIB, appear to have the most benefit. These preliminary results support the hypothesis that targeting hypoxic cells may lead to a therapeutic enhancement in the radiotherapy of cervix cancer. This trial continues to accrue patients and follow-up data. Int. J. Cancer (Radiat. Oncol. Invest.) 90, 206-223 (2000).
    Preview · Article · Sep 2000 · International Journal of Cancer

  • No preview · Article · Dec 1996 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
  • Ronald D. Ennis M.D · Diana B. Fischer · Richard E. Pcschel
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    ABSTRACT: Serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) values decrease after external beam radiation (EBRT) for clinically localized prostate cancer, reaching their nadir 6–12 months after treatment. The nadir PSA value is predictive of disease-free survival. This prospective study was initiated to evaluate whether the early response of PSA as measured by 1) the rate of PSA decrease during treatment (PSA slope) and 2) the immediate (within 1 month) post-treatment PSA would predict the PSA nadir. Thirty patients treated with EBRT for clinical stages A2-C2 (T1c-T3c) adenocarcinoma of the prostate were enrolled in this prospective study. Nine patients were subsequently excluded because they were lost to follow-up after less than 1 year (n = 6) or their pretreatment PSA was measured by a method other than Hybritech (n = 3). Serum PSA measurements were obtained at weeks 2, 4, and 6 of treatment (n = 21) as well as immediate post-treatment PSA at the first follow-up 2–4 weeks after treatment (n = 17). The end-point analyzed was whether or not the PSA nadir was ≦ 1.5 ng/ml. A linear regression model of log(PSA) vs. time (treatment week) was fit for each patient's data. The rate of decrease of PSA (PSA slope) was estimated from this regression. The PSA slope, pretreatment PSA, immediate post-treatment PSA, stage, and grade were studied by Cox life table regression analysis to determine predictors of PSA nadir. In the Cox model, time was measured from the start of radiotherapy until PSA ≦ 1.5 ng/ml or until the last measurement for those who did not reach this level. Models combining the significant individual factors were then constructed. The minimum follow-up is 52 weeks and the median is 66 weeks. The PSA slope (P = 0.05) and the immediate post-treatment PSA (P = 0.02) predicted a PSA nadir ≦ 1.5 ng/ml. Pretreatment PSA approached significance (P = 0.09). A model which combined pretreatment PSA and PSA slope predicted PSA nadir ≦ 1.5 ng/ml (P = 0.05) as did PSA slope combined with immediate post-treatment PSA (P = 0.01). Within each model, PSA slope was the stronger predictor. In conclusion, the early response of serum PSA as measured by the PSA slope and the immediate post-treatment PSA appears to be predictive of PSA nadir in patients treated with EBRT. More patients and longer follow-up are needed to confirm this finding and determine whether the early response predicts disease-free survival.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1995 · Radiation Oncology Investigations
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    ABSTRACT: Despite careful preoperative staging, approximately 50% of patients who undergo radical prostatectomy for clinical stage A2 (T1b-c) and B (T2) prostate cancer are found to have pathologic stage C (T3-4) or D (N1) disease. This study investigates whether preoperative serum prostate specific antigen (PSA) and Gleason grade predict pathologic stage among patients with clinically organ confined prostate cancer. The records of all 63 patients who underwent attempted pelvic lymphadenectomy and radical prostatectomy for adenocarcinoma of the prostate at our institution in 1990-91 were retrospectively reviewed. Patients with a preoperative serum PSA of 12.5 ng/mL or greater had an 81% incidence of pathologic upstaging to stage C (T3-4) or D (N1) compared with 38% for patients with a PSA less than 12.5 (p = 0.0015). The incidence of various pathologic findings for prostate specific antigen > or = 12.5 vs. prostate specific antigen < 12.5 was as follows: seminal vesicle involvement 29% vs. 5% (p = 0.0186), lymph node metastases 24% vs. 0% (p = 0.0029), capsular penetration 71% vs. 38% (p = 0.0424), and positive margins 47% vs. 36% (p = 0.56). None (0/3) of the patients with Gleason grade 4 or less were pathologically upstaged compared with 49% (24/49) of patients with grade 5-7 tumors (p = 0.15) and 82% (9/11) of patients with grade 8 or higher cancers (p = 0.0474, grade 5-7 vs. 8-10). Within the group of patients with Gleason grade 5-7, a prostate specific antigen of 12.5 ng/mL or greater predicted an 79% rate of upstaging compared with 37% for patients with prostate specific antigen less than 12.5 (p = 0.0098). Patients with clinical Stage A2 (T1b-c) or B (T2) prostate cancer who have Gleason grade 8-10 tumors and those patients with Gleason grade 5-7 tumors with a preoperative serum prostate specific antigen of 12.5 ng/mL or higher have a high incidence of pathologic upstaging. These patients should be preferentially treated with external beam radiation in most cases.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1994 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to perform a detailed clinical pathological analysis of breast relapses in patients treated with conservative surgery and radiation therapy in an effort to classify those relapses as true local recurrences or second primary tumors, and to assess the prognostic and therapeutic implications of such a classification system. Of 990 patients treated with conservative surgery and radiation therapy at our facilities prior to December 1987, 82 patients have experienced a relapse in the conservatively treated breast as the primary site of failure. Patients were classified as having new primary tumors if they fulfilled any one of the following criteria: a) breast relapse occurring at a site distinctly removed from the original tumor; b) histology of the breast relapse compared with the original tumor consistent with a new primary; or c) DNA flow cytometry converting from an aneuploid primary to a diploid relapse. As of 2/92, with a median follow-up of 5.4 years from the time of breast relapse, the overall 5-year survival rate following breast relapse was 55%. Forty-seven patients were classified as true recurrences and 33 patients were classified as new primaries. Patients classified as true recurrences had a shorter median time to breast relapse than patients classified as new primaries (3.16 years vs. 5.42 years, p < .05) and an inferior post breast recurrence survival rate compared to patients classified as new primaries (36% vs. 89%, p < .05). Residual disease outside of the recurrent tumor bed was also noted to be more frequent in patients classified as true recurrences compared to patients classified as new primaries (48% vs. 16%, p < .05). Based on the clinical and pathological criteria outlined, it appears that a significant portion of patients experiencing a relapse in the conservatively treated breast may have new primary tumors as opposed to true local relapses. Distinction between a true recurrence and a new primary tumor may have significant prognostic implications. Uncertainties associated with the clinical and pathological criteria are presented and further investigations with genetic fingerprinting techniques to establish the clonality of breast relapses are presented and discussed.
    No preview · Article · Oct 1993 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: At Yale-New Haven Hospital conservative treatment of early stage breast carcinoma with lumpectomy and radiation therapy has been used with increasing frequency since the 1960s. We have reviewed our experience with specific reference to prognosis following local recurrence. Between January 1962 and December 1984 a total of 433 patients were treated with conservative surgery and radiation therapy using standard techniques. As of December 1989, with minimum evaluable follow-up of 5 years and a median follow-up of 8.21 years, there have been a total of 50 ipsilateral breast recurrences resulting in a 5-year actuarial breast recurrence rate of 8%. Extent of disease at the time of local recurrence was clinically categorized as localized (less than 3 cm without dermal involvement) or diffuse (greater than 3 cm and/or with dermal involvement). Seventy-two percent of the recurrences were at or near the original tumor site whereas 28% recurred elsewhere in the breast. At a median follow-up post recurrence of 5.0 years (range 0.3-16.9 years), the 5-year actuarial survival for breast recurrences was 59% and the 5-year disease-free survival was 65%. A number of clinical and pathological features at the time of original diagnosis as well as at the time of local recurrence were tested as possible prognostic indicators for survival following local recurrence. By univariate analysis, significant factors associated with survival following local recurrence included extent of local disease at the time of recurrence (p less than .01), time to local recurrence (p less than .03), with later recurrences doing better, and site of local recurrence (p less than .01), with recurrences elsewhere in the breast doing better. We conclude from this large single institutional experience with a median follow-up post-recurrence of over 5 years that patients experiencing a local recurrence in the conservatively treated breast have a relatively favorable prognosis. The prognostic factors correlating with survival and implications regarding adjuvant systemic therapy at the time of local recurrence are discussed.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1991 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
  • Bruce G. Haffty · Diana B. Fischer · James J. Fischer
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    ABSTRACT: At this institution conservative treatment of breast cancer was begun in the 1960's. The following analysis represents our experience through 1984 with specific reference to the management of the regional lymph nodes. A total of 432 patients with clinical stage I and II breast cancer were treated between 1962 and 1984 with lumpectomy and radiation therapy. The breast was treated with tangential fields to a median dose of 4800 cGy and electron conedown to a total tumor bed dose of 6400 cGy. Axillary dissection was not routinely performed, particularly in the earlier years. More recently, axillary dissection has been used with increasing frequency if it was felt that the results of the dissection would influence systemic treatment. One hundred eighty-seven patients (43%) underwent axillary dissection (30% pathologically positive) and routinely received regional nodal irradiation (median dose 4600 cGy) to the internal mammary and supraclavicular lymph nodes. Two hundred forty-five patients (57%) did not undergo axillary dissection and routinely received regional nodal irradiation to the internal mammary, supraclavicular, and entire axillary regions to a total median dose of 4600 cGy. As of May 1989 with a median follow-up of 7.5 years, there have been a total of 12 nodal failures for an actuarial nodal control rate of 97% at 5 years and 96% at 10 years. The actuarial 5-year regional nodal control rate was the same for both the group of patients receiving regional RT alone without axillary dissection and the group of patients receiving axillary dissection and supraclavicular/internal mammary radiation. There has been minimal morbidity associated with this treatment policy. We conclude that regional nodal irradiation as described above, with or without axillary dissection, results in a high rate of regional nodal control and minimal treatment morbidity in patients undergoing conservative treatment of early stage breast cancer.
    No preview · Article · Nov 1990 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: A randomized prospective clinical trial was carried out to assess the usefulness of the addition of mitomycin C to radiation therapy used alone or in combination with surgery for the treatment of squamous cell carcinoma of the head and neck region. One hundred and twenty patients with biopsy proven tumor of the oral cavity, oropharynx, larynx, hypopharynx, and nasopharynx were randomly assigned to receive or not receive mitomycin C; all other aspects were similar in the two treatment groups. One hundred and seventeen patients were evaluable with a median follow-up time of greater than 5 years. Acute and chronic normal tissue radiation reactions were equivalent in the two treatment groups. Hematologic and pulmonary toxicity were observed in the drug treated patients. Actuarial disease-free survival at 5 years was 49% in the radiation therapy group and 75% in the radiation therapy plus mitomycin C group, p less than 0.07. Local recurrence-free survival was 66% in the radiation therapy group and 87% in the radiation therapy plus mitomycin C group, p less than 0.02. The findings demonstrate that mitomycin C can be administered safely as an adjunct to radiation therapy in the treatment of head and neck cancer. The drug improves local tumor control without enhancing normal tissue radiation reactions.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1989 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: From 1970 to 1983, 1,646 lung cancer patients were referred for treatment to the Hunter Radiation Therapy Center, Yale-New Haven Hospital. Forty-three patients had clinical Stage I non-small cell lung cancer felt to be surgically resectable but were treated with radical radiation therapy either for medical reasons (37 patients) or because the patient refused surgery (six patients). This group of clinical Stage I lung cancer patients is understaged by modern criteria since the majority of patients did not have thoracic CT scans and staging was based on fairly limited clinical and radiographic studies. The histological diagnosis was squamous cell carcinoma in 53% of the Stage I patients, adenocarcinoma in 25%, and other non-small cell histologies in 22%. All patients were treated with megavoltage irradiation and the mediastinum was treated in 88% of the patients. Eleven patients were treated with a continuous course (CC) and 32 patients received split course (SC) therapy based on physician preference. The CC consisted of a median fraction size of 200 cGy to a total median dose of 5900 cGy in 6-7 weeks. The SC used a median fraction site of 275 cGy to a total median dose of 5400 cGy over a 6-week period with a 2-week rest in the middle of treatment. The actuarial survival rate of the 43 clinical Stage I patients was 36% at 3 years and 21% at 5 years. Intrathoracic failures occurred in 39% of the patients. Despite the fact that the CC group was similar to the SC group in terms of age, histology, and tumor extent, the CC patients had a lower thoracic failure rate (2/11) versus 15/32), a longer median survival (51.6 months versus 27 months), and a better actuarial 5-year survival rate (45% versus 12%) when compared to the SC patients. Using Cox regression analysis to compare survival curves, the CC group had a significantly better survival compared to the SC group (p = .04).
    No preview · Article · Aug 1988 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
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    ABSTRACT: Between 1965 and 1981, 119 patients with squamous cell carcinoma of the esophagus were treated with radiation therapy with curative intent. Radiation was employed in combination with surgery and delivered pre- and/or postoperatively in 20 patients (17%). The remainder received radiotherapy alone. The overall survival rate was statistically higher in patients who had surgery and radiation compared to the group receiving radiation alone. The one-, two-, and five-year survival rates of patients receiving combined treatment vs radiotherapy alone were 65% vs 35%, 25% vs 14%, and 15% vs 6%. Age, total radiation dose, and inclusion of the supraclavicular areas in the radiation portals did not impact on outcome. Other prognostic factors are discussed. Long term survivors were noted to be at substantial risk for the development of a second epidermoid malignancy in the upper aerodigestive tract. Cumulative risk at five years was approximately 25%.
    No preview · Article · Jan 1988 · Journal of Surgical Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: One hundred eighty women with clinical Stage I or II operable breast carcinoma were treated by radiotherapy following local tumor excision at Yale-New Haven Hospital through 1980. With a median follow-up time of 6.9 years, the actuarial 5-year overall and disease-free survival rates were 82% and 78%, respectively. The 5-year actuarial breast-recurrence-free survival rate was 92%. Several clinical-histopathologic features and treatment parameters were assessed for their significance as predictors of local breast failure or distant relapse. Cox lifetable regression analysis showed that patients with clinical Stage II carcinomas had significantly worse overall and relapse-free survival rates, but clinical stage alone had no effect on the rate of breast recurrence. Furthermore, a decrease in overall and disease-free survival was evident when necrosis was present in the tumor or when patients had an infiltrating lobular carcinoma. Breast recurrence-free survival was also influenced adversely by the presence of these two tumor features, especially when either tumor necrosis or infiltrating lobular carcinoma was found in conjunction with clinical Stage II lesions. Other histologic features such as grade, vascular invasion, perineural invasion, or the presence of an intraductal component of carcinoma did not affect outcome, nor did the treatment techniques employed appear to have a differential effect.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1986 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: The effect of the protein synthesis inhibitor cycloheximide (CHM) on normal tissue tolerance and tumor control in the rat following single doses of radiation has been studied. We have previously shown that the drug protects against skin damage when administered prior to irradiation of the hind limbs. It does not protect against six-month lethality when given prior to irradiation of the kidneys. In the present studies protection of rat bone marrow as evidenced by 30-day lethality was observed when CHM was given prior to whole-body irradiation. When CHM was given to rats bearing the BA1112 tumor, it had no protective effect on radiocurability. Therapeutically favorable differential protection of rapidly proliferating normal tissue over tumor can be achieved when CHM is administered prior to single radiation doses in the rat. This effect is most likely due to inhibition of protein synthesis and resultant interruption of the cell cycle in proliferating normal tissue. Further studies are required to determine the clinical applicability of CHM.
    No preview · Article · Aug 1984 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics
  • Diane M. Komp · Diana B. Fischer · Hernan Sabio · Sue McIntosh

    No preview · Article · Apr 1983 · Journal of Pediatrics
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiologic variables related to breast cancer risk were assessed in a case-control study of 332 women with breast carcinoma and 1353 comparison women. Risk factors for breast cancer as a whole included nulliparity, late age at first childbirth, early age at menarche, late age at menopause, personal history of benign breast disease, family history of breast cancer, and among postmenopausal women, body weight. These risk factors were then analyzed with respect to histologic subtype of breast cancer involved, i.e., duct-derived or lobular tumors, to determine whether the association between any of the risk factors and breast cancer varied according to histopathologic subtype. Histologic subtype for the 316 cases reviewed included 284 duct cancers and 32 lobular carcinomas. Although slight differences were noted among some of the risk factors and the variety of cancer, none of the differences was marked except for the variable age at birth birth. For ductal carcinoma, the risk was highest among nulliparous women and decreased the younger a woman was at the time she gave birth to her first child. The risk of infiltrating lobular carcinoma, however, was lowest among nulliparous females or those who had given birth at a young age and increased the older a woman was when she gave birth to her first child.
    Preview · Article · Jun 1982 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: During the period from 1969 through 1977, 124 patients with advanced Hodgkin's disease underwent treatment with combination chemotherapy and radiotherapy. Sixty-three cases were previously untreated, and 61 were relapses following radical radiotherapy for localized Hodgkin's disease. No patient in this series had received prior chemotherapy. Of 102 patients (84%) who have entered complete remission, 92 remain in complete remission with a median follow up time of five years, 10 patients having relapsed, and acute leukemia having developed in 2. The cumulative survival rate for all 124 patients is 80% at five years; the relapse-free survival rate is 74%. In many, if not most cases, the Hodgkin's disease appears to be cured. We have also identified two subgroups of patients for whom the prognosis is worse than for patients with advanced-stage disease as a whole. Patients over the age of 40 years have a five-year survival rate of only 45%, compared with 89% for all other patients. Those Stage IV patients with multiple extranodal sites of involvement have a five-year survival rate of 48%, compared with 81% for other Stage IV patients with only a single extranodal site involved.
    Full-text · Article · Nov 1980 · Cancer
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    ABSTRACT: We retrospectively analyzed 114 patients with non-Hodgkin's lymphoma, clinical stages I and II, classified by the criteria of Rappaport and treated by radiotherapy alone. Of 84 patients classifiable, one-third were nodular and two-thirds diffuse lymphomas. Berkson-Gage actuarial and relapse-free survivals were determined for these two groups and for subgroups stratified by histology, stage, and by presence or absence of extranodal disease. Five year relapse-free and overall survivals were 83% and 100%, respectively, for the nodular group and 37% and 59% for the diffuse group. Extranodal involvement was less frequent in the nodular (19%) than in the diffuse (52%) group, where it was associated with Stage IE disease and increased relapse-free and actuarial survival. Histopathological subtype in the diffuse group (histiocytic versus combined lymphocytic poorly differentiated and mixed lymphocytic-histiocytic) did not influence survival. Extranodal involvement and stage I disease were associated with better survival in the diffuse histiocytic group. Successful radiotherapy for all stages of disease, all histologies, was not correlated with extended versus involved fields, and 89% of the relapses in the entire series were by wide dissemination.
    Preview · Article · Apr 1979 · Cancer
  • Leonard R. Prosnitz · Rafael L. Montalvo · Diana B. Fischer
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    ABSTRACT: We have analyzed a series of 48 patients with Hodgkin's disease who were pathologically Staged IIIA and treated with total nodal irradiation alone. The cumulative overall survival is 80% at 5 years; the cumulative relapse-free survival, however, is only 35% at 5 years. When the patients are subdivided into clinical Stage (CS) I, II/pathological Stage (PS) III and CS III/PS III categories, the relapse-free 5 year cumulative survivals are 50% and 15%, respectively. Patients less than 20 years of age had a 5 year relapse-free survival of 65% vs 28% for those over 20.These results, particularly in terms of freedom from relapse, are not as good as those being obtained in more advanced disease with the use of both combination chemotherapy plus irradiation. Combined modality therapy with both drugs and irradiation appears indicated for most Stage MA patients.
    No preview · Article · Sep 1978 · International Journal of Radiation OncologyBiologyPhysics

  • No preview · Article · Dec 1977 · Journal of Pediatrics

Publication Stats

918 Citations
99.57 Total Impact Points


  • 1976-2000
    • Yale-New Haven Hospital
      • Department of Pathology
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States
  • 1988-1993
    • Yale University
      • Department of Therapeutic Radiology
      New Haven, Connecticut, United States