[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this study, a cDNA T7 phage display library was constructed from sea snake Lapemis hardwickii venom gland mRNA to analyze the components in venom and find new toxins. All the venom gland cDNA-encoding proteins, including housekeeping proteins and venom proteins were expressed on the surface of bacteriophage T7. This library was then panned with rabbit anti-sea snake venom IgG. Phage particles displaying venom-components with interaction with the antibodies were enriched. Thus, phage-carrying venom proteins, such as short chain neurotoxin, long chain neurotoxin, PLA2-like toxin, and c-type lectin-like protein were found, some of them were never reported previously. Four different short chain neurotoxins (SNT-1, 2, 3, 4) were cloned and expressed in Escherichia coli. The LD(50) and analgesic activities of their purified forms were determined. Their structure-function relationship were studied with the aid of a toxin-nAChR complex model constructed by ourselves. Among them, SNT-4 was a new neurotoxin identified in this study and showed potential as pain killer. These results prove that cDNA phage display technique has great advantage than traditional cDNA library method because of the linkage between phenotype and genotype of phage, which provided an effective means to study unknown proteins with target functions.
No preview · Article · May 2011 · Toxicology Letters
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: High-throughput molecular profiling techniques are helpful in the diagnosis of multifactorial disease. In this study, a cDNA-phage-displayed protein microarray using phage particles spotted directly onto it as sensors was used to detect related antigens in breast tumor sera. cDNA sequences from 17 positive clones were determined, which included some sequences encoding known breast cancer-related antigens and proteins related to other diseases, as well as proteins with unknown functions. Our results not only provide some useful information for breast cancer research, but also suggest that the strategy used here would be efficient to search for disease-related proteins and other functional target proteins.
No preview · Article · Jul 2010 · Biological Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The possibility for oral administration of peptide recombinant hirudin variant (rHV2-K47) as an anticoagulant agent was evaluated in several aspects. The proteolytic properties of rHV2-K47 and its stability during storage were examined by in vitro experiments. Radiolabeled rHV2-K47 was infused into the duodenum of rats and rHV2-K47 absorbed into serum was shown to be intact by electrophoresis pattern. The in vivo coagulation time of blood from mouse was prolonged significantly after oral administration of rHV2-K47. The bioavailability (F) of rHV2-K47 via oral route reached 10.11% in comparison with intravenous administration as gold standard. All the results suggested that rHV2-K47 could be delivered successfully via the oral route.