[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A sulfate-reducing bacterium, designated as strain R2, was isolated from wastewater of a ball-bearing manufacturing facility in Tomsk, Western Siberia. This isolate was resistant up to 800 mg Cu/l in the growth medium. By comparison, Cu-resistance of reference cultures of sulfate-reducing bacteria ranged from 50 to 75 mg Cu/l. Growth experiments with strain R2 showed that Cu was an essential trace element and, on one hand, enhanced growth at concentrations up to 10 mg/l but, on the other hand, the growth rate decreased and lag-period extended at copper concentrations of >50 mg/l. Phenotypic characteristics and a 1078 bp nucleotide sequence of the 16S rDNA placed strain R2 within the genus Desulfovibrio. Desulfovibrio R2 carried at least one plasmid of approximately of 23.1 kbp. A 636 bp fragment of the pcoR gene of the pco operon that encodes Cu resistance was amplified by PCR from plasmid DNA of strain R2. The pco genes are involved in Cu-resistance in some enteric and aerobic soil bacteria. Desulfovibrio R2 is a prospective strain for bioremediation purposes and for developing a homologous system for transformation of Cu-resistance in sulfate-reducing bacteria.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2003 · Antonie van Leeuwenhoek
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Hannebachite (CaSO3 x 0.5H2O), gypsum (CaSO4 x 2H2O), anglesite (PbSO4), and barite (BaSO4) were tested as electron acceptors for sulfate-reducing bacteria with lactate as the electron donor. Hannebachite and gypsum are commonly associated with flue gas desulfurization products, and anglesite is a weathering product found in lead mines. Barite was included as the most insoluble sulfate. Growth of sulfate-reducing bacteria was monitored by protein and sulfide (dissolved H2S and HS-) measurements. Biogenic sulfide formation occurred with all four solid phases, and protein data confirmed that bacteria grew under these electron acceptor conditions. Sulfide formation from gypsum was almost comparable in rate and quantity to that produced from soluble sulfate salt (Na2SO4); hannebachite reduction to sulfide was not as fast. Anglesite as the electron acceptor was also reduced to sulfide in the solution phase and galena (PbS) was detected in solids retrieved from spent cultures. Barite as the electron acceptor supported the least amount of growth and H2S formation. The results demonstrate that low-solubility crystalline phases can be biologically reactive under reducing conditions. Furthermore, the results demonstrate that galena precipitation through sulfide production by sulfate-reducing bacteria serves as a lead enrichment mechanism, thereby also alleviating the potential toxicity of lead. In view of the role of acidophilic thiobacilli in the oxidation of sulfides, the present work accentuates the role of anaerobic and aerobic microbes in the biogeochemical cycling of solid-phase sulfates and sulfides.