[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate whether Helicobacter pylori (HP) infection affects the clinical response to levodopa and whether its eradication could improve motor fluctuation in patients with Parkinson's disease (PD). Using the [(13)C] urea breath test, we monitored HP infection in 65 patients with PD and motor fluctuations of the "wearing-off" or delayed "on" types, with or without dyskinesia. We compared the clinical features and response to L-dopa between HP noninfected (n = 30) and HP infected patients (n = 35) by reviewing home diaries kept for 72 hours. Among HP infected patients, we compared the differences in L-dopa "onset" time, "on-time" duration, and scores on the motor examination section of the Unified PD Rating Scale (UPDRS-III) during the medication "on" phase before and after HP eradication. There were no differences in the age, disease duration, Hoehn and Yahr stage, UPDRS-III score, L-dopa daily dose, and frequency of dyskinesia between HP noninfected and HP infected groups. However, L-dopa "onset" time was longer and "on-time" duration was shorter in HP infected patients than in HP noninfected patients (78.4 +/- 28.2 vs. 56.7 +/- 25.1 and 210.0 +/- 75.7 vs. 257.7 +/- 68.9 min, respectively, P < 0.05). HP eradication improved the delay L-dopa "onset" time and short "on-time" duration (to 58.1 +/- 25.6 and to 234.4 +/- 66.5 min, respectively, P < 0.05). These data demonstrated that HP infection could interfere with the absorption of L-dopa and provoke motor fluctuations. HP eradication can improve the motor fluctuations of HP infected patients with PD.
No preview · Article · Sep 2008 · Movement Disorders
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Transcranial sonography (TCS) is potentially useful for the diagnosis of Parkinson's disease (PD). However, studies on TCS have so far been restricted to European populations. To investigate the efficacy of TCS in Korean PD patients and its correlation with the clinical features, we carried out midbrain TCS in 43 PD patients and 35 normal controls and evaluated the area of the substantia nigra (SN) hyperechogenicity and its ratio to the area of the whole midbrain. In 16 subjects (21%), TCS was unsuccessful due to insufficient acoustic temporal bone windows. The mean area of bilateral SN hyperechogenicity and its ratio to the midbrain area were greater in the PD patients than that in the controls (P < 0.01). In the PD patients, the area of SN hyperechogenicity and its ratio to the individual midbrain area were moderately correlated with the PD duration (r = 0.526 and 0.536, P = 0.01, respectively) but not with the age, UPDRS motor scores or H-Y stage. There was no difference in the SN hyperechogenicity between the tremor-dominant, akinetic-rigid, and mixed-type PD patients. In conclusion, midbrain TCS is an effective diagnostic tool for detecting PD in the Korean population. However, it does not reflect the severity or phenotypes of parkinsonism.
No preview · Article · Oct 2007 · Movement Disorders