Johan Rathsman

Lund University, Lund, Skåne, Sweden

Are you Johan Rathsman?

Claim your profile

Publications (76)209.07 Total impact

  • Rikard Enberg · Johan Rathsman · Glenn Wouda

    No preview · Article · Jan 2015 · Journal of High Energy Physics
  • Source
    R. Harlander · M. Mühlleitner · J. Rathsman · M. Spira · O. Stål
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this note we give recommendations on how to evaluate LHC cross sections for (neutral) Higgs production and Higgs branching ratios in the general (CP-conserving) Two-Higgs-Doublet Model (2HDM). The current status of available higher-order corrections to Higgs production and decay in this model is discussed, and the existing public codes implementing these calculations are described. Numerical results are presented for a set of reference scenarios, demonstrating the very good agreement between the results obtained using different programs.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2013
  • Source
    Rikard Enberg · Johan Rathsman · Glenn Wouda
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We analyze a model for the Higgs sector with two scalar doublets and a softly broken $Z_2$ symmetry. One of the doublets breaks the electroweak symmetry and has tree-level Yukawa couplings to fermions. The other doublet has no vacuum expectation value and no tree-level couplings to fermions. Because the $Z_2$ parity is broken the two doublets can mix, which leads to a distinct and novel phenomenology. This Stealth Doublet Model can be seen as a generalization of the Inert Doublet Model with a broken $Z_2$ symmetry. We outline the model and present constraints from theory, electroweak precision tests and collider searches, including the recent observation of a Higgs boson at the LHC. The CP-odd scalar $A$ and the charged scalar $H^\pm$ couple to fermions at one-loop level. We compute the decays of $A$ and $H^\pm$ and in particular the one-loop decays $A \to f \bar{f}$, $H^\pm \to f \bar{f}^\prime $, $H^\pm \to W^\pm Z $ and $H^\pm \to W^\pm \gamma$. We also describe how to calculate and renormalize such processes in our model. We find that if one of $H^\pm$ or $A$ is the lightest scalar, $H^\pm \to W^\pm \gamma$ or $ A \to b \bar{b} $ are typically their respective dominating decay channels. Otherwise, the dominating decays of $H^\pm$ and $A$ are into a scalar and a vector. Due to the absence of tree-level fermion couplings for $H^\pm$ and $A$, we consider pair production and associated production with vector bosons and scalars at the LHC. If the parameter space of the model that favors $H^\pm \to W^\pm \gamma$ is realized in Nature, we estimate that there should be a considerable amount of such events in the present LHC data.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2013 · Physical Review D
  • Source
    Rikard Enberg · Johan Rathsman · Glenn Wouda
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We consider a model for the Higgs sector with two scalar doublets and a softly broken Z_2 symmetry, the Stealth Doublet Model. This model can be seen as a generalization of the Inert Doublet Model. One of the doublets is the Higgs doublet that participates in electroweak symmetry breaking and couples to fermions. The other doublet does not couple to fermions at tree level and does not acquire a vacuum expectation value. The broken Z_2 symmetry leads to interesting phenomenology such as mixing between the two doublets and charged and CP-odd scalars that can be light and have unusual decay channels. We present theoretical and experimental constraints on the model and consider the recent observation of a Higgs boson at the LHC. The data on the H to \gamma\gamma\ channel can be naturally accommodated in the model, with either the lightest or the heaviest CP-even scalar playing the role of the observed particle.
    Full-text · Article · Apr 2013 · Journal of High Energy Physics
  • Source
    Johan Bijnens · Jie Lu · Johan Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We analysis the constraints of the general two Higgs doublet models via evolving the Yukawa coupling constants to high energy under renormalization group. We consider the appearance of a Landau pole or large off-diagonal Yukawa couplings which cause tree level flavour changing neutral currents. Our study shows the latter condition can be used to answer that how much $Z_2$ symmetry breaking can be allowed in a given 2HDM model.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2013
  • D. Werder · G. Ingelman · R. Pasechnik · J. Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The soft color interaction model (SCI) as an add-on to standard perturbative QCD describes diffractive processes by allowing for additional soft color-octet exchanges below the conventional threshold for parton showering. We discuss how diffractive and inclusive event samples for diffractive hard processes can be obtained from a Monte Carlo in a unified way for pp → p[W± +X]p as an example, and discuss potential differences compared with Regge based models. In particular we address the question of a possible W± charge asymmetry and show that this observable approaches the result from pomeron based models in the limit of very forward final state protons. © Copyright owned by the author(s) under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike Licence.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2013
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We revisit diffractive and exclusive W production at hadron colliders in different models for soft colour exchanges. The process pp to p[WX]p, and in particular a W charge asymmetry, has been suggested as a way to discriminate diffractive processes as being due to pomeron exchange in Regge phenomenology or QCD-based colour reconnection models. Our detailed analysis of the latter models at LHC energies shows, however, that they give similar results as pomeron models for very leading protons and central W production, including a vanishing W charge asymmetry. We demonstrate that soft colour exchange models provide a continuous transition from diffractive to inelastic processes and thereby include the intrinsic asymmetry of inelastic interactions while being at the same time sensitive to the underlying hadronisation models. Such sensitivity also concerns the differential distributions in proton momentum and W transverse momentum which opens possibilities to discriminate between different colour reconnection models.
    Full-text · Article · Oct 2012 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
  • Source
    Johan Rathsman · Thomas Rössler
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In the Next-to-Minimal SuperSymmetric Model (NMSSM) the lightest CP-odd Higgs bosons (a1) can be very light. As a consequence, in addition to the standard charged Higgs boson (h+) decays considered in the MSSM for a light charged Higgs (m_h+ < m_t), the branching fraction for h+ to a1 W can be dominant. We investigate how this signal can be searched for in t tbar production at the Large Hadron Collider (LHC) in the case that m_a1 \gtrsim 2m_B with the a1 giving rise to a single b bbar-jet and discuss to what extent the LHC experiments are able to discover such a scenario with an integrated luminosity \sim 20 fb-1. We also discuss the implications of the possible Higgs-signal observed at the LHC.
    Preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Advances in High Energy Physics
  • Source
    Johan Bijnens · Jie Lu · Johan Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We study how general two Higgs doublet models can be constrained by considering their properties under renormalization group evolution of the Yukawa couplings. We take into account both the appearance of a Landau pole as well as off-diagonal Yukawa couplings leading to flavour changing neutral currents in violation with experimental constraints at the electroweak scale. We find that the latter condition can be used to limit the amount of Z2 symmetry breaking allowed in a given model.
    Preview · Article · Nov 2011 · Journal of High Energy Physics
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The Jewel 1.0 Monte Carlo simulates jet evolution in a medium with a microscopic description of splitting and scattering processes. In the framework of this model we investigate the transverse momentum broadening due to medium effects in different scenarios. Depending on assumptions about hadronisation, we observe either a small increase or even a slight decrease of the mean transverse momentum, but no sizeable broadening. This appears to be a natural consequence of a model formulation which conserves energy and momentum microscopically at each splitting and at each scattering. KeywordsJet quenching–dihadron correlations
    Preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Indian Journal of Physics
  • Source
    Johan Rathsman · Oscar Stål
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present the program 2HDMC and how it can be used to explore the physics of general CP conserving two Higgs doublet models.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2011
  • Source
    Lisa Carloni · Johan Rathsman · Torbjorn Sjostrand
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: New fundamental particles, charged under new gauge groups and only weakly coupled to the standard sector, could exist at fairly low energy scales. In this article we study a selection of such models, where the secluded group either contains a softly broken U(1) or an unbroken SU(N). In the Abelian case new γ v gauge bosons can be radiated off and decay back into visible particles. In the non-Abelian case there will not only be a cascade in the hidden sector, but also hadronization into new π v and ρ v mesons that can decay back. This framework is developed to be applicable both for e +e − and pp collisions, but for these first studies we concentrate on the former process type. For each Abelian and non-Abelian group we study three different scenarios for the communication between the standard sector and the secluded one. We illustrate how to distinguish the various characteristics of the models and especially study to what extent the underlying gauge structure can be determined experimentally.
    Preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Journal of High Energy Physics
  • Source
    F. Mahmoudi · J. Rathsman · O. Stål · L. Zeune
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We consider scenarios in the next-to-minimal supersymmetric model (NMSSM) where the CP-odd and charged Higgs bosons are very light. As we demonstrate, these can be obtained as simple deformations of existing phenomenological MSSM benchmarks scenarios with parameters defined at the weak scale. This offers a direct and meaningful comparison to the MSSM case. Applying a wide set of up-to-date constraints from both high-energy collider and flavour physics, the Higgs boson masses and couplings are studied in viable parts of parameter space. The LHC phenomenology of the light Higgs scenario for neutral and charged Higgs boson searches is discussed.
    Preview · Article · Dec 2010 · European Physical Journal C
  • Source
    M Moretti · S Moretti · F. Piccinini · R. Pittau · J. Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: At the Large Hadron Collider, we prove the feasibility to detect pair production of the lightest CP-even Higgs boson h of a Type II 2-Higgs Doublet Model through the process q \bar q' --> Vhh (Higgs-strahlung, V=W+-,Z), in presence of two h --> b \bar b decays. We also show that, through such production and decay channels, one has direct access to the following Higgs self-couplings, thus enabling one to distinguish between a standard and the Supersymmetric version of the above model: lambda_(Hhh) -- which constrains the form of the Higgs potential -- as well as lambda_(W+- H+- h) and lambda_(Z A h) -- which are required by gauge invariance. Unfortunately, such claims cannot be extended to the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model, where the extraction of the same signals is impossible. Comment: Added one figure, few references and minor corrections to the text. Results unchanged
    Preview · Article · Aug 2010 · Journal of High Energy Physics
  • Source
    David Eriksson · Johan Rathsman · Oscar Stål
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: On page 196 in the original 2HDMC publication [the authors, “2HDMC – two-Higgs-doublet model calculator”, ibid. 181, No. 1, 189–205 (2010; Zbl 1205.82016)], the normalization factors in the expressions for the oblique parameters were reported correctly. The correct expressions should read S=1 24π{⋯},T=1 16πsin 2 θ w m w 2 {⋯},U=1 24π{⋯}, in order to correspond to what is calculated by the code. The contents of the large parentheses are left unchanged from the expressions in [the authors, loc. cit.].
    Preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Computer Physics Communications
  • Source
    David Eriksson · Johan Rathsman · Oscar Stål
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This manual describes the public code 2HDMC which can be used to perform calculations in a general, CP-conserving, two-Higgs-doublet model (2HDM). The program features simple conversion between different parametrizations of the 2HDM potential, a flexible Yukawa sector specification with choices of different Z_2-symmetries or more general couplings, a tree-level decay library including all two-body - and some three-body - decay modes for the Higgs bosons, and the possibility to calculate observables of interest for constraining the 2HDM parameter space, as well as theoretical constraints from positivity and unitarity. The latest version of the 2HDMC code and full documentation is available from: http://www.isv.uu.se/thep/MC/2HDMC Comment: 28 pages, no figures. Minor changes to the text, new interface to HiggsBounds described. Agrees with published version
    Preview · Article · Feb 2009 · Computer Physics Communications
  • Source
    David Eriksson · Gunnar Ingelman · Johan Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We present a new model, based on color rearrangements, which at the same time can describe both hidden and open charm production in B-meson decays. The model is successfully compared to both inclusive decays, such as B -> J / psi X and B -> D(s)X, as well as exclusive ones, such as B -> J / psi K((*)) and B -> D((*))D((*))K. It also gives a good description of the momentum distribution of direct J / psi's, especially in the low-momentum region, which earlier has been claimed as a possible signal for new exotic states.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Physical review D: Particles and fields
  • Source
    David Eriksson · Stefan Hesselbach · Johan Rathsman
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We investigate the viability of observing charged Higgs bosons (H ± ) produced in association with W bosons at the CERN Large Hadron Collider, using the leptonic decay H + → τ + ντ and hadronic W decay, within the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model. Performing a parton level study we show how the irreducible Standard Model background from W + 2 jets can be controlled by applying appropriate cuts. In the standard m max h scenario we find a viable signal for large tan β and intermediate H ± masses ( ∼ mt). The quest for understanding electroweak symmetry breaking and mass generation is one of the driving forces behind the upcoming experiments at the CERN Large Hadron Collider (LHC). In the Minimal Supersymmetric Standard Model (MSSM), which is a two Higgs Doublet Model (2HDM) of type II, the Higgs sector consists of three neutral and one charged Higgs bosons after electroweak symmetry breaking. The charged Higgs boson (H±) is of special interest since its discovery would constitute an indisputable proof of physics beyond the Standard Model. The main production mode of charged Higgs bosons at hadron colliders is in association with top quarks through the gb → H−t and gg → H−t¯b processes [1–4] with the former one
    Preview · Article · Jun 2008 · Journal of Physics Conference Series
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We have developed the Monte Carlo simulation program JEWEL 1.0 (Jet Evolution With Energy Loss), which interfaces a perturbative final state parton shower with medium effects occurring in ultra-relativistic heavy ion collisions. This is done by comparing for each jet fragment the probability of further perturbative splitting with the density-dependent probability of scattering with the medium. A simple hadronisation mechanism is included. In the absence of medium effects, we validate JEWEL against a set of benchmark jet measurements. For elastic interactions with the medium, we characterise not only the medium-induced modification of the jet, but also the jet-induced modification of the medium. Our main physics result is the observation that collisional and radiative medium modifications lead to characteristic differences in the jet fragmentation pattern, which persist above a soft background cut. We argue that this should allow to disentangle collisional and radiative parton energy loss mechanisms by measuring the n-jet fraction or a class of jet shape observables.
    Preview · Article · May 2008 · European Physical Journal C
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This writeup is a compilation of the predictions for the forthcoming Heavy Ion Program at the Large Hadron Collider, as presented at the CERN Theory Institute 'Heavy Ion Collisions at the LHC - Last Call for Predictions', held from 14th May to 10th June 2007.
    Full-text · Article · May 2008 · Journal of Physics G Nuclear and Particle Physics

Publication Stats

2k Citations
209.07 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2011-2013
    • Lund University
      • Department of Astronomy and Theoretical Physics
      Lund, Skåne, Sweden
  • 1993-2011
    • Uppsala University
      • • Department of Physics and Astronomy
      • • Department of Radiology, Oncology and Radiation Science
      Uppsala, Uppsala, Sweden
  • 2000-2001
    • CERN
      • Physics Department (PH)
      Genève, Geneva, Switzerland
  • 1997-2000
    • Stanford University
      • SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory
      Stanford, California, United States
  • 1999
    • Autonomous University of Barcelona
      Cerdanyola del Vallès, Catalonia, Spain
  • 1996
    • Deutsches Elektronen-Synchrotron
      Hamburg, Hamburg, Germany