Rongsen Meng

Shenzhen Second People's Hospital, Shen-ch’üan-shih, Zhejiang Sheng, China

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Publications (9)23.38 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Recent evidence has suggested that cigarette smoking is associated with an increased prevalence of heart diseases. Given that cigarette smoking triggers proinflammatory response via stimulation of the capsaicin-sensitive transient receptor potential cation channel TRPV1, this study was designed to evaluate the effect of an essential α,β-unsaturated aldehyde from cigarette smoke crotonaldehyde on myocardial function and the underlying mechanism with a focus on TRPV1 and mitochondria. Cardiomyocyte mechanical and intracellular Ca(2+) properties were evaluated including peak shortening (PS), maximal velocity of shortening/relengthening (± dL/dt), time-to-PS (TPS), time-to-90% relengthening (TR90), fura-2 fluorescence intensity (FFI), intracellular Ca(2+) decay and SERCA activity. Apoptosis and TRPV1 were evaluated using Western blot analysis. Production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) and DNA damage were measured using the intracellular fluoroprobe 5-(6)-chloromethyl-2',7'-dichlorodihydrofluorescein diacetate and 8-hydroxy-2'-deoxyguanosine (8-OHdG), respectively. Our data revealed that crotonaldehyde interrupted cardiomyocyte contractile and intracellular Ca(2+) property including depressed PS,±dL/dt, ΔFFI and SERCA activity, as well as prolonged TR90 and intracellular Ca(2+) decay. Crotonaldehyde exposure increased TRPV1 and NADPH oxidase levels, promoted apoptosis, mitochondrial injury (decreased aconitase activity, PGC-1α and UCP-2) as well as production of ROS and 8-OHdG. Interestingly, crotonaldehyde-induced cardiac defect was obliterated by the ROS scavenger glutathione and the TRPV1 inhibitor capsazepine. Capsazepine (not glutathione) ablated crotonaldehyde-induced mitochondrial damage. Capsazepine, glutathione and the NADPH inhibitor apocynin negated crotonaldehyde-induced ROS accumulation. Our data suggest a role of crotonaldehyde compromises cardiomyocyte mechanical function possibly through a TRPV1- and mitochondria-dependent oxidative stress mechanism.
    No preview · Article · Apr 2014 · Pharmacological Research

  • No preview · Article · Jan 2014

  • No preview · Article · Oct 2013 · Heart (British Cardiac Society)
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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to examine the effects of acute infrasound exposure on oxidative damage and investigate the underlying mechanisms in rat cardiomyocytes. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were cultured and exposed to infrasound for several days. In the study, the expression of CAT, GPx, SOD1, and SOD2 and their activities in rat cardiomyocytes in infrasound exposure groups were significantly decreased compared to those in the various time controls, along with significantly higher levels of O2 (-) and H2O2. Decreased cardiac cell viability was not observed in various time controls. A significant reduction in cardiac cell viability was observed in the infrasound group compared to the control, while significantly increased cardiac cell viability was observed in the infrasound exposure and rosiglitazone pretreatment group. Compared to the control, rosiglitazone significantly upregulated CAT, GPx, SOD1, and SOD2 expression and their activities in rat cardiomyocytes exposed to infrasound, while the levels of O2 (-) or H2O2 were significantly decreased. A potential link between a significant downregulation of PPAR-γ expression in rat cardiomyocytes in the infrasound group was compared to the control and infrasound-induced oxidative stress. These findings indicate that infrasound can induce oxidative damage in rat cardiomyocytes by inactivating PPAR-γ.
    Full-text · Article · May 2013 · Cardiovascular toxicology
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    ABSTRACT: Activation of adenosine monophosphate-activated protein kinase (AMPK) has been shown to inhibit cardiac hypertrophy through peroxisome proliferators-activated receptor-α (PPARα) signaling pathway, but the detailed mechanism remains unclear. A rat model of cardiac hypertrophy created by transaortic constriction (TAC) was used to investigate the mechanism involved in regulation of PPARα activity by AMPK. It was observed that treatment with AICAR (5-aminoimidazole 1 carboxamide ribonucleoside), an AMPK activator, significantly inhibited cardiac hypertrophy in vivo and in vitro. Phosphorylated extracellular signal regulated protein kinase (phospho-ERK1/2) and phospho-p38 mitogen-activated protein kinase (MAPK) protein levels were significantly up-regulated, while PPARα protein level was down-regulated in TAC rats. AICAR treatment reversed the changes of PPARα and phospho-ERK1/2, but increased phospho-p38 MAPK protein level in TAC rats. Similar changes of PPARα and phospho-ERK1/2 protein levels were observed in the hypertrophied cardiomyocytes induced by phenylephrine treatment. Epidermal growth factor (EGF, ERK1/2 activator), but not SB203580 (p38 inhibitor) blocked the up-regulation of PPARα protein level induced by AICAR. Luciferase assay showed that AICAR increased PPARα transcriptional activity which was abrogated by EGF, but not by SB203580. These results demonstrate that AMPK activation enhances the activity of PPARα to inhibit cardiac hypertrophy through ERK1/2, but not p38 MAPK, signaling pathway.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2011 · Archives of Biochemistry and Biophysics
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    ABSTRACT: Angiotensin-(1-7) displays antihypertensive and antiproliferative properties although its effect on cardiac remodeling and hypertrophy in hypertension has not been fully elucidated. The present study was designed to examine the effect of chronic angiotensin-(1-7) treatment on myocardial remodeling, cardiac hypertrophy and underlying mechanisms in spontaneous hypertension. Adult male spontaneously hypertensive rats (SHR) and normotensive Wistar-Kyoto (WKY) rats were treated with or without angiotensin-(1-7) or the angiotensin-(1-7) antagonist A-779 for 24 weeks. Mean arterial pressure, left ventricular geometry, expression of the hypertrophic markers ANP and β-MHC, collagen contents (type I and III), collagenase (MMP-1), matrix metalloproteinase-2 (MMP-2) and tissue inhibitor of MMPs-1 (TIMP-1) were evaluated in WKY and SHR rats with or without treatment. Our data revealed that chronic angiotensin-(1-7) treatment significantly suppressed hypertension, left ventricular hypertrophy, expression of ANP and β-MHC as well as myocardial fibrosis in SHR rats, the effects of which were nullified by the angiotensin-(1-7) receptor antagonist A-779. In addition, angiotensin-(1-7) treatment significantly counteracted hypertension-induced changes in the mRNA expression of MMP-2 and TIMP-1 and collagenase activity, the effects of which were blunted by A-779. In vitro study revealed that angiotensin-(1-7) directly increased the activity of MMP-2 and MMP-9 while decreasing the content of TIMP-1 and TIMP-2. Taken together, our results revealed a protective effect of angiotensin-(1-7) against cardiac hypertrophy and collagen deposition, which may be related to concerted changes in MMPs and TIMPs levels. These data indicated the therapeutic potential of angiotensin-(1-7) in spontaneous hypertension-induced cardiac remodeling.
    No preview · Article · Nov 2010 · Toxicology Letters
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    ABSTRACT: Proteasome inhibitors are involved in cell cycle control, growth and inflammatory signaling, and transcriptional regulation of mitotic cells. A recent study has suggested that specific proteasome inhibitor MG132 may suppress cardiomyocyte hypertrophy in vitro. However, the underlying molecular mechanisms are not clear. In this study, we investigated the effects of long-term MG132 treatment on cardiac hypertrophy and the related molecular mechanisms in vivo. MG132 (0.1 mg/kg/day) was intraperitoneally injected to rats with abdominal aortic banding (AAB) for 8 weeks. Results showed that treatment with MG132 significantly attenuated left ventricular (LV) myocyte area, LV weight/body weight, and lung weight/body weight ratios, decreased LV diastolic diameter and wall thickness, and increased fractional shortening in AAB rats. AAB induced the phosphorylation of ERK1/2, JNK1, and p38 in cardiac myocytes. The elevated phosphorylation levels of ERK1/2 and JNK1 in AAB rats were significantly reversed by MG132 treatment. In conclusion, our results suggested that long-term treatment with MG132 attenuates pressure-overload-induced cardiac hypertrophy and improves cardiac function in AAB rats through regulation of ERK1/2 and JNK1 signaling pathways.
    Preview · Article · Apr 2010 · Acta Biochimica et Biophysica Sinica
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    ABSTRACT: Vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF), angiopoietin (Ang)-1 and -2 regulate angiogenesis and might be important in myocardial collateral development. Elevated levels of angiogenic growth factors in patients with coronary artery disease (CAD) have been reported. However, the age-related change of angiogenic growth factors in patients with CAD remains unclear. Serum VEGF, Ang-1 and -2 levels were measured by enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay kits. Serum VEGF, Ang-1 and -2 levels in patients with CAD were significantly higher than those in healthy control subjects. In patients aged <61 years and 61 to 70 years, serum Ang-1 and -2 levels were significantly higher than in patients aged >70 years, serum Ang-2 levels in patients aged <61 years were significantly higher than in patients aged from 61 to 70 years. Serum VEGF levels were not significantly different in the three age groups. Serum VEGF, Ang-1 and -2 levels were not significantly different across the age groups in healthy subjects. Regression analysis showed that there was a negative correlation between age and Ang-1 and -2 in patients with CAD. Serum Ang-1 and -2 levels, but notVEGF levels in patients with CAD, are decreased along with advancing age.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2009 · Acta cardiologica
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    ABSTRACT: Although short-term B-type natriuretic peptide (BNP) treatment has been shown to be effective for decompensated congestive heart failure, little is known about the effects of long-term BNP treatment in ventricular remodeling and heart failure in response to myocardial infarction. The aim of the present study was to investigate the effects of long-term BNP treatment on ventricular remodeling and heart failure after myocardial infarction in rats. Myocardial infarction was induced by ligating the left anterior descending coronary artery. The surviving rats were randomly divided into four groups: 1) vehicle-treated myocardial infarction group ('vehicle-treated group'), 2) rats treated with low-dose BNP ('low BNP group'), 3) rats treated with high-dose BNP ('high BNP group'), 4) sham-operated group. Eight weeks after the operation, rats were sacrificed. Compared with the sham-operated group, the vehicle-treated group had significantly higher collagen deposition and angiotensin II levels (P<0.01) and a significantly lower cardiac function (P<0.05). Both BNP-treated groups had significant improvement of these indexes compared with the vehicle-treated group (P<0.01). The high BNP group had significantly less collagen deposition and better cardiac function than the untreated and low BNP groups. Moreover, the mRNA and protein expression of TGFbeta1 and Smad2 in the vehicle-treated group was significantly higher than in the sham-operated group (P<0.01). Both BNP-treated groups had a suppression of TGFbeta1 and Smad2 expression (P<0.01). In conclusion, long-term treatment with BNP prevents ventricular remodeling and deterioration of cardiac function in a dose-dependent fashion, a process that may be associated with the inhibition of TGFbeta1/ Smad2 signaling.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2008 · European journal of pharmacology

Publication Stats

91 Citations
23.38 Total Impact Points

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  • 2014
    • Shenzhen Second People's Hospital
      Shen-ch’üan-shih, Zhejiang Sheng, China
  • 2009-2013
    • Sun Yat-Sen University
      • Department of Cardiology
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China
  • 2008
    • Sun Yat-Sen University of Medical Sciences
      Shengcheng, Guangdong, China