[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Heme oxygenase-1 (HO-1) is a stress protein that has been suggested to participate in defense mechanisms against agents that may induce oxidative injury, such as heme and inflammatory molecules. Incubation of endothelial cells in a high-glucose (33 mmol/L) medium for 7 days resulted in a decrease of HO activity by 34% and a decrease in HO-1 and HO-2 proteins compared with cells exposed to low glucose (5 mmol/L) (P<0.05) or cells exposed to mannitol (33 mmol/L). Overexpression of HO-1 was coupled with an increase in HO activity and carbon monoxide synthesis, decreased cellular heme, and acceleration in all phases of the cell cycle (P<0.001). The rate of cell cycle or cell birth rate was increased by 29% (P<0.05) in cells overexpressing HO-1 but decreased by 23% (P<0.05) in cells underexpressing HO-1 compared with control cells. Exposure to high glucose significantly decreased cell-cycle progression in control cells and in cells underexpressing HO-1 but did not decrease cell-cycle progression in cells overexpressing HO-1. High glucose induced p21 and p27 in control cells but not in cells overexpressing HO-1. The addition of tin-mesoporphyrin (SnMP), an inhibitor of HO activity, reversed the HO-1-mediated decrease of p21 and p27 in cells overexpressing HO-1. These findings identify a novel effect of HO-1 on endothelial cell growth and indicate that heme metabolism and HO-1 expression regulate signaling systems in cells exposed to high glucose, which controls cell-cycle progression.
Full-text · Article · Sep 2003 · Circulation Research