[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Sentinel lymph node (SLN) mapping (M) for staging in colorectal cancer (CRCa) remains controversial and needs to be validated. This study analyzes results of SLNM at a multi-institutional level for CRCa.
Group A patients underwent SLNM with 1 to 3 mL of 1% lymphazurin. First 1 to 4 blue lymph nodes were designated as SLNs and had focused analysis. Group B had standard resection and nodal staging. Patients with a minimum of 2 years of follow-up were analyzed for recurrence.
Overall nodal metastasis were 50% for 500 group A patients versus 35% for 368 group B patients. In SLNM patients success, accuracy, sensitivity, and negative predictability values were 98%, 96%, 90%, and 93%, respectively. With a 2-year minimum follow-up, 153 group A patients had 7% recurrences compared with 25% in 162 group B patients.
SLNM is highly feasible and accurate for staging CRCa with higher detection of nodal metastasis and lower recurrences.
Article · Apr 2006 · The American Journal of Surgery