[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Interleukin-6 (IL-6) has been identified as a predictor of death, new heart failure (HF) episodes and need for heart transplantation in patients with advanced HF. The aim of this study was to examine the relationship between plasma IL-6 levels in patients with decompensated HF and either survival or new admissions due to HF.
We studied 111 patients admitted due to decompensated HF. Long-term survival was assessed from the day of admission to the hospital to the day of death or new admissions due to HF.
The mean IL-6 concentration was 90 +/- 115 pg/ml (range 1.5-743 pg/ml). There were no differences in IL-6 concentration with regard to age, gender and cause of HF. At the end of follow-up period, 22 patients (20 percent) had died due to causes related to HF and 54 patients (48 percent) had been readmitted to the hospital due to new HF episodes. Using regression analyses, serum IL-6 levels were not identified as a prognostic factor. Systolic dysfunction, previous diagnosis of HF and diabetes mellitus were independent predictors of death.
These findings suggest that a single measurement of serum IL-6 in patients with decompensated HF lacks clinical usefulness in long-term follow-up.
Full-text · Article · Jul 2007 · Singapore medical journal
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Changes in extracellular matrix are recognized as a contributing factor in the cardiac remodeling process. Several studies have addressed the value of turnover markers of collagen as predictors of death or new heart failure episodes. The aim of the present study was to evaluate the relationship between peripheral serum concentration of propeptide of procollagen type I (PIP) and outcomes in patients with decompensated heart failure.
A total of 111 patients admitted to our Unit between September 2000 and May 2003 for decompensated heart failure were analyzed. Death from any cause or due to heart failure and readmission were considered primary endpoints.
The mean PIP concentration was 80.84+/-36.40 ng/mL. The PIP serum level was significantly higher among those patients who suffered some endpoint during follow-up (88.12+/-37.31 ng/mL vs 73.13+/-34.06 ng/mL; p=0.029). Twenty-five (22.52%) of the 111 patients died during the 21 months of follow-up, and 54 (48.6%) were readmitted with new bouts of heart failure. Using Cox proportional hazards regression analyses, serum PIP levels, systolic dysfunction, and diabetes mellitus were identified as independent predictors of death. Serum PIP levels, age, and sex were independent predictors of new heart failure episodes and readmission.
A single serum measurement of PIP seems to have prognostic value in patients with decompensated heart failure. Accordingly, patients with higher values of PIP at decompensation are at a higher risk of death or readmission during follow-up.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · European Journal of Internal Medicine