Publications (2)6.42 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: To assess the efficacy and safety of portal vein (PV) embolization versus hepatic artery embolization (HAE) for induction of hepatic hypertrophy before extended right hemihepatectomy in patients with hilar cholangiocarcinoma. Fifty patients (female, n = 15; male, n = 35; age range, 37-80 y) with hilar cholangiocarcinomas who were planned to undergo extended right hemihepatectomy were prospectively included in 2003-2006. In addition to biliary decompression of the left liver, patients were randomized to undergo embolization of the right hepatic artery (with transfemoral access and polyvinyl alcohol [PVA] particles plus coils) or right PV branches (with computed tomography [CT]-guided transhepatic access and PVA particles). CT was performed before and approximately 3 weeks after embolization for volumetric assessment of the liver. In the HAE group, median growth of the left lateral segments was 40 mL (P < .01), with a median reduction of the whole liver of 10 mL (P = .41); adverse events were observed in two of 25 patients (8%), who each developed an abscess in the right liver lobe. In the PV embolization group, median growth of the left lateral segments was 110 mL (P < .01), with a median growth of the whole liver of 10 mL (P = .92); a subcapsular seroma occurred in one of 25 patients (4%). The median growth of the left lateral segments after PV embolization was significantly greater than after HAE (P = .004). Compared with HAE, PV embolization was significantly superior regarding induction of hepatic hypertrophy of the left lateral segments.
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ABSTRACT: The purpose of the study was to establish a diagnostic approach to the preparation of patients with colorectal liver metastases considered for transarterial radioembolization (RE). Twenty-two patients sequentially underwent computed tomography (CT; thorax/abdomen), magnetic resonance imaging (MRI; liver; hepatocyte-specific contrast), positron emission tomography (PET/PET-CT; F18-fluoro-desoxy-glucose), and angiography with perfusion scintigraphy [planar imaging; tomography with integrated CT (SPECT-CT)]. The algorithm was continued when no contraindication or alternative treatment option was found. The impact of each test on the therapy decision and RE management was recorded. Patient evaluation using CT revealed contraindications for RE in 4/22 patients (18%). Of the remaining 18 patients, 2 were excluded and 3 were assigned to locally ablative treatment based on MRI and PET results (28%). The remaining 13 patients entered the planning algorithm: SPECT-CT revealed gastrointestinal tracer accumulations in 4 (31%) patients [SPECT, 2 (15%)], making a modified application necessary. In five patients (38%), planar scintigraphy revealed relevant hepatopulmonary shunting. Therapy was finally administered to all 13 patients without therapy-related pulmonary or gastrointestinal morbidity. Each part of the diagnostic algorithm showed a relevant impact on patient management. The sequential approach appears to be suitable and keeps the number of unnecessary treatments and therapy risks to a minimum.
Charité Universitätsmedizin Berlin
Berlín, Berlin, Germany
- Department of General, Visceral and Transplantation Surgery