[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) is now a recognized method of imaging the breast. Unfortunately, there is lack of standardization in the MRI terminology used to characterize the appearance of breast lesions. Moreover, cases of mixed histologies are often imaged. We retrospectively identified cases of pure high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) using the recently introduced breast MRI lexicon and characterized the lesions in order to try and identify features that might distinguish high-grade DCIS from invasive disease. Five-year review of our institution's database revealed 637 patients underwent gadolinium-enhanced breast MRI examination. Twenty patients had histologically proven pure high-grade DCIS. After excluding patients with previous chemotherapy or inadequate MRI examination, 13 patients were analyzed and compared to the 13 most recent cases of pure invasive breast carcinoma. The morphological and dynamic features were then compared. High-grade DCIS cases were significantly more likely to show focal branching pattern (P=.03) and to have an irregular contour (P=.03), compared with invasive disease. Although of marginal statistical significance, DCIS lesions are more likely to have a lower morphological score than invasive carcinoma (P=.06), whilst the latter is more likely to show ring enhancement (P=.07). Use of breast MRI for staging at our institution shows that pure DCIS and pure invasive cancers are both rare entities. Despite the relatively limited numbers, we identified features that would help to differentiate high-grade DCIS from invasive carcinoma on MRI.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2005 · Magnetic Resonance Imaging