Philip P Hammond

Royal Veterinary College, Londinium, England, United Kingdom

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Publications (2)5.02 Total impact

  • Source
    P.P. Hammond · A.S. Ramírez · C.J. Morrow · J.M. Bradbury
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    ABSTRACT: Using published primers, detection of Mycoplasma synoviae and strain identification using the vlhA gene sequence was attempted. However, of 21 M. synoviae strains examined, three could not be amplified, so a new reverse primer was designed with a target in the conserved region of the vlhA gene. This allowed all 21 M. synoviae strains, a further nine strains and also material from 11 swab samples from M. synoviae-positive birds, to produce a PCR product, suggesting that the method could also be suitable for clinical specimens. The protocol was then tested on the type strains of M. synoviae and the other 22 recognised avian Mycoplasma species, with amplification of M. synoviae only. Further testing demonstrated that this PCR was equally or more sensitive than other PCR tests used to detect M. synoviae. Subsequent DNA sequence analysis of the PCR product based on percent similarity and evolutionary relationship appeared to be a useful tool for strain differentiation.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Veterinary Microbiology
  • Ana S Ramírez · Clive J Naylor · Philip P Hammond · Janet M Bradbury
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    ABSTRACT: Mycoplasma synoviae (Ms) is an important pathogen of poultry, causing economic losses to this industry. Early and reliable diagnosis is a key to controlling the spread of this organism. In this study, a polymerase chain reaction with one primer based on the intergenic spacer region (ISR) was validated for detection of Ms. The ISR primer was paired with a general primer from within the 23S rRNA gene. The PCR primers were tested with the 22 other recognised avian Mycoplasma species to check the specificity and with 21 field isolates of Ms from various hosts and countries, and with several swab samples. The PCR appeared to be specific and sensitive. Four different sample preparation methods were compared for use in this PCR, and the amplification protocol was compared with three others, confirming the comparative sensitivity of the new PCR.
    No preview · Article · Dec 2006 · Veterinary Microbiology

Publication Stats

36 Citations
5.02 Total Impact Points

Top Journals


  • 2008
    • Royal Veterinary College
      Londinium, England, United Kingdom
  • 2006
    • University of Liverpool
      • School of Veterinary Science
      Liverpool, England, United Kingdom