[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Influenza A virus causes severe disease in both humans and animals and thus, has a considerably impact on economy and public health. In this study, the genetic variations of the nucleoprotein (NP) gene of influenza viruses recovered from swine in Thailand were determined.
Twelve influenza A virus specimens were isolated from Thai swine. All samples were subjected to nucleotide sequencing of the complete NP gene. Phylogenetic analysis was conducted by comparing the NP gene of swine influenza viruses with that of seasonal and pandemic human viruses and highly pathogenic avian viruses from Thailand (n = 77). Phylogenetic analysis showed that the NP gene from different host species clustered in distinct host specific lineages. The NP gene of swine influenza viruses clustered in either Eurasian swine or Classical swine lineages. Genetic analysis of the NP gene suggested that swine influenza viruses circulating in Thailand display 4 amino acids unique to Eurasian and Classical swine lineages. In addition, the result showed 1 and 5 amino acids unique to avian and human lineages, respectively. Furthermore, nucleotide substitution rates showed that the NP gene is highly conserved especially in avian influenza viruses.
The NP gene sequence of influenza A in Thailand is highly conserved within host-specific lineages and shows amino acids potentially unique to distinct NP lineages. This information can be used to investigate potential interspecies transmission of influenza A viruses. In addition, the genetic variations of the NP gene will be useful for monitoring the viruses and preparing effective prevention and control strategies for potentially pandemic influenza outbreaks.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Swine have been known to be a suitable host for influenza A virus. In Thailand, phylogenetic analysis on swine influenza virus (SIV) has as yet not been attempted. The present report presents molecular and phylogenetic analysis performed on SIV in Thailand. In this study, 12 SIV isolates from the central and eastern part of Thailand were subtyped and the molecular genetics of hemagglutinin and neuraminidase were elucidated. Three subtypes, H1N1, H1N2 and H3N2, are described. Phylogenetic analysis of the SIV hemagglutinin and neuraminidase genes shows individual clusters with swine, human or avian influenza virus at various global locations. Furthermore, amino acid substitutions were detected either at the receptor binding site or the antigenic sites of the hemagglutinin gene.
Full-text · Article · Feb 2008 · Archives of Virology