[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Conflicting data for association between left ventricular hypertrophy (LVH) and secondary hyperparathyroidism has been reported previously among dialysis patients. The present study was conducted to evaluate the association of hyperparathyroidism and hypertension with LVH. Charts of 130 patients on hemodialysis for at least six months were reviewed. All were subjected to M-mode echocardiography. Left ventricular mass (LVM) was calculated by Devereux's formula. LVM Index (LVMI) was calculated by dividing LVM by body surface area. Sera were analyzed for intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH). iPTH of > 32 pmol/l and a mean blood pressure (MAP) of > 107 mmHg were considered high. Patients were stratified into groups according to their MAP and iPTH. A total of (47.7%) patients were males and 68 (52.3%) were females. Their median age was 57 years. The median duration on dialysis was 26 months. Forty eight (36.9%) patients had high BP and 54 (41.5%) had high iPTH. Both high BP and high iPTH were present in 38 (29.2%) patients. Analysis of the relationship between LVM, LVMI, MAP and iPTH showed that LVM and LVMI were significantly (P < 0.001) higher in patients with concomitant high BP and high iPTH. LVMI was significantly higher in patients with high iPTH alone. Concomitant high iPTH and high MAP increase the risk of LVH in hemodialysis patients. High iPTH alone might contribute in escalating LVH. Adequate control of hypertension and hyperparathyroidism might reduce the risk of developing LVH.
No preview · Article · Oct 2009 · Indian Journal of Nephrology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Management of secondary hyperparathyroidism is difficult because of the interrelationship of parathyroid hormone, calcium and phosphorus. This study was carried out to assess the efficacy of intravenous administration of alfacalcidol once weekly versus twice weekly in patients with severe hyperparathyroidism. Twenty-one hemodialysis patients with intact parathyroid hormone >88 pmol/L were divided into two groups. Eleven patients (Group 1) were given a once-weekly alfacalcidol intravenously for 12 weeks. The starting dose was 4 microg which was increased or decreased by 1 microg per week. Ten patients (Group 2) were given twice-weekly alfacalcidol intravenously for 12 weeks. The starting dose was 2 microg twice weekly which was increased or decreased by 0.5 microg/dose. The dose was increased or decreased according to serum calcium and phosphorus levels. Serum calcium, phosphorus and alkaline phosphatase levels were measured weekly and intact parathyroid hormone every 4 weeks. Intact parathyroid hormone reduced significantly (P = 0.0001) from 128.12 +/- 35.42 pmol/L to 82.93 +/- 65.20 pmol/L and from 113.74 +/- 40.83 pmol/L to 64.24 +/- 35.17 pmol/L after 4 weeks in Groups 1 and 2, respectively. After 4 weeks alkaline phosphatase declined significantly (P = 0.0001) from 146.0 +/- 57.3 IU/L to 116.0 +/- 45.6 IU/L in Group 1 and from 139.0 +/- 45.1 IU/L to 116.6 +/- 38 IU/L in Group 2. There were no significant differences in serum levels of calcium, phosphorous or their product. Interestingly, an adenoma disappeared in one patient from Group 1, and out of two adenomas, one disappeared from another patient in the same group. These results indicate that intravenous alfacalcidol once weekly is safe and effective in suppressing high parathyroid hormone in hemodialysis patients.
No preview · Article · Apr 2008 · Therapeutic apheresis and dialysis: official peer-reviewed journal of the International Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Apheresis, the Japanese Society for Dialysis Therapy