[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Introduction:
Percutaneous transvenous embolization (TVE) using coils is a well-established treatment of cavernous sinus dural arteriovenous fistula (CSdAVF). However, it is sometimes difficult to achieve complete occlusion by coil embolization. In these two cases, we were able to obtain complete angiographic obliteration of the fistulas without complications by means of percutaneous TVE using n-butyl-cyanoacrylate (NBCA) after we failed when TVE using coils. Case 1: An 89-year-old woman presented with double vision. She was diagnosed as Barrow type D right CSdAVF draining only to the cortical vein. We treated the patient by TVE using coils, but the microcatheter was withdrawn before complete occlusion was attained. The repositioning of the microcatheter was difficult, so we used 30% NBCA for TVE, and obtained complete obliteration of the fistula. Case 2: An 87-year-old woman presented with right exophthalmos, and chemosis. She was diagnosed as Barrow type C right CSdAVF draining only to the right superior ophthalmic vein with very slow flow. We planned to treat her, using TVE with coils, but we could place only 3 coils and obtained only partial obliteration of the fistula. So we additionally used 25% NBCA for TVE, and obtained complete obliteration of the fistula.
Compared to TVE using coils, TVE using NBCA gives rise to many problems, but, we can use NBCA as a second option if TVE using coils results in only partial obliteration as in these cases.
Article · Dec 2011 · No shinkei geka. Neurological surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Intracranial dural arteriovenous fistulas (AVFs) with spinal perimedullary venous drainage are rarely reported, but most of the patients initially have presented with myelopathy or subarachnoid hemorrhage. This is the first report of the intracranial dural AVF patient who presented with brain stem infarction.
A 38-year-old woman experienced nausea and vomiting with an acute onset, followed by vertigo. Magnetic resonance imaging showed ischemic lesion in the medulla oblongata, and she was then sent to our hospital. On admission, she had nystagmus, swallowing difficulties, Homer syndrome, and right hemiparesis and hemisensory disturbance. Cerebral angiography revealed dural AVF draining into spinal perimedullary veins at the left transverse-sigmoid sinus. The patient was treated by transvenous embolization under local anesthesia. A microcatheter proceeded to the left sigmoid sinus via the internal jugular vein, and embolization of the sinus was performed using coils without complications. The patient's swallowing difficulties improved over a few days after the embolization, and one month later, there remained only a slight mild hemiparesis and hemisensory disturbance. Six months after the onset, there was no ischemic lesion in the brain stem on magnetic resonance imaging.
In this case, we showed the possibility of brain stem infarction, caused by the intracranial dural AVF.