Mirella A Kacinskis

University of Brasília, Brasília, Federal, Brazil

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Publications (3)5.11 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: The aim of the present study was to characterize the ultrastructure of zebu cow preantral follicles (PAFs). Ovarian cortex samples were processed for light and transmission electron microscopy. Primordial follicles consisted of an oocyte surrounded by one layer of flattened or flattened-cuboidal granulosa cells. The oocyte contained a large and usually eccentric nucleus. Most organelles were located at the perinuclear ooplasm. Round shaped mitochondria, which contained electron-dense granules, smooth and rough endoplasma reticulum and a Golgi apparatus were also observed. Vesicles and coated pits were often observed in the cortical ooplasm. In primary follicles, the oocyte was surrounded by one layer of cuboidal granulosa cells. Short microvilli were observed on the oolema. Secondary follicles consisted of an oocyte surrounded by a variable number of layers of cuboidal granulosa cells. Small secondary follicles had an ultrastructure very similar to that observed in primary follicles. At this follicular stage, the zona pellucida was beginning to form around the oocyte. In large secondary follicles, the zona pellucida was totally developed around the oocyte. Several granulosa cell projections could be detected that were encroaching into the zona pellucida and protruding towards the oocyte, where gap junctions were observed between oocyte and granulosa cell membranes. Organelles within the oocyte were located at the periphery of the ooplasm, and clusters of cortical granules were observed. Round mitochondria were abundant in all developmental stages. In conclusion, this study described the ultrastructure of zebu cow PAFs, and some unique characteristics could be observed as compared with what has been reported for follicles of Bos taurus cattle.
    No preview · Article · Jul 2005 · Animal Reproduction Science
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    ABSTRACT: Cryopreservation of ovarian tissue is a new and promising technique for germ-line storage. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of four cryoprotectants (at two concentrations each) on the preservation of zebu bovine preantral follicles after ovarian cryostorage. Strips of ovarian cortex were cryopreserved using glycerol (GLY; 10 or 20%), ethylene glycol (EG), propanediol (PROH) or dimethylsulphoxide (DMSO; 1.5 or 3M). In addition, a toxicity test was performed for each cryoprotectant by exposing the ovarian tissue to them without freezing. Tissues were analyzed by histology and transmission electron microscopy. Ovarian tissue frozen in either concentration of DMSO or PROH or in 10% GLY retained a higher percentage of morphologically normal follicles (73-88%) than tissue frozen in 20% GLY or in either concentration of EG (16-52%). In the toxicity test, exposure of tissues to DMSO, PROH or GLY resulted in higher percentages of normal follicles (80-97%) than exposure to EG (49%). Electron microscopy revealed damage to the ultrastructure of follicles frozen in 10% GLY, while follicles cryopreserved in DMSO and PROH at either concentration exhibited normal ultrastructure. In conclusion, DMSO and PROH were the most effective cryoprotectants for zebu ovarian tissue, preserving the structural integrity of somatic and reproductive cells within the ovary.
    Full-text · Article · May 2004 · Theriogenology
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    Carolina M Lucci · Mirella A Kacinskis · Rodolfo Rumpf · Sônia N Báo
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    ABSTRACT: The maintenance of follicle quality during the transportation of ovaries is essential for the successful cryopreservation and in vitro development of preantral follicles. The objective of this study was to evaluate the effect of cooling ovarian tissue on the conservation of zebu cow preantral follicles. Ovarian pieces were immersed in saline or coconut water (CW) solutions and maintained at 4 or 20 degrees C for 6, 12, or 18 h. Preantral follicles were evaluated by histology and transmission electron microscopy. Storage of ovarian pieces at 20 degrees C for 12 or 18 h significantly reduced the percentage of morphologically normal follicles compared to controls. In contrast, conservation at 4 degrees C for up to 18 h and at 20 degrees C for up to 6 h kept the percentage of normal follicles similar to controls. However, the type of solution that the ovaries were immersed in had little effect on the results. Decreased cellular metabolism probably accounted for better preservation of preantral follicles at 4 degrees C. In conclusion, zebu cow ovaries were successfully stored at 4 degrees C for up to 18 h with no morphological damage to preantral follicles. However, at 20 degrees C, ovaries could only be stored for 6 h.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2004 · Theriogenology