[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Bone metastases are of the most frequent in prostate cancer. Serum prostate specific antigen--PSA has been suggested as an accurate means of monitoring prostate cancer. Whole body scintigraphy are currently the most widely used diagnostic procedures for metastases to the bone, the most common site of distant tumor spread. Aim of the study was to determinate relation between PSA level, number of metastases and 99mTc- MDP (methyl-diphosponate) uptake in patients with previous prostatectomy for prostate cancer.
Study enrolled 15 patients after previous prostatectomy for prostate cancer (histologically proven). Standard whole body scintigraphy (WBS) was performed 3 hours after intravenous application of 740 MBq 99mTc-MDP. Total PSA was measured by MEIA-Microparticle Enzyme Immunoassay.
Group 1: 12/15 (80%) patients were with WBS detected metastases. Correlation of PSA level and number of detected bone metastases was good (r=0.79). Correlation of PSA level and uptake intensity of 99mTc-MDP (score 3) was positive and significant (r=0.706).
PSA values were highly predictive for WBS results. PSA values correlated well with number of metastases. We propose no WBS in patients with normal PSA level. WBS is a sensitive diagnostic tool for detecting prostate cancer metastases to bone. PSA levels is good and simpler marker for disease progression, but that neither technique in isolation gives complete accuracy.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Medical Archives
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is one of the most frequent types of cancer affecting women. After hematogenous spreading of cancer, axial skeleton is most frequently involved. Bone scintigraphy is commonly performed in detection and evaluation of bone metastases. In breast cancer, marker Ca 15-3 is widely accepted in follow-up and detection of disease recurrence. Aim of the study was to correlate levels of tumor marker Ca 15-3 and presence of bone metastases detected by bone scintigraphy. Study included 25 patients with breast cancer, previously surgically treated. All patients underwent total body scintigraphy. Ca 15-3 was measured by radioimmunoassay. Presence, number and location of bone metastases were correlated with Ca 15-3 levels. Bone scintigraphy revealed bone metastases in 16 (64%) patients. 11 (44%) patients with metastases and 1 patient (4%) without scintigraphically visible metastases had elevated Ca 15-3 levels. Significant difference in distribution of metastases was found for spine (t=3.930, p=0.008). Correlation between intensity of radiopharmaceutical uptake and level of Ca 15-3 in patients was positive (r =0.405). A weak correlation was found between number of metastases and level of Ca 15-3 (r=0.139). Significant differences in Ca 15-3 level was found in patients with metastases compared to patients without metastases (chi square 0, p =1.0). Since no significant correlation was found between level of Ca 15-3 and number of metastases, we consider scintigraphy an appropriate method for assessment of bone metastases in breast cancer.
No preview · Article · Mar 2005 · Bosnian journal of basic medical sciences / Udruzenje basicnih mediciniskih znanosti = Association of Basic Medical Sciences