[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to compare the analgesic affects of paracetamol and the non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) diclofenac sodium for the relief of postoperative pain in patients having bimaxillary osteotomy. Thirty patients were randomly allocated into two groups (n = 15 in each) using sealed envelopes. The first group was given paracetamol 1g intravenously and the second diclofenac sodium 75 mg intramuscularly. The analgesics were given during the last 15 min of the operation while the mucosa was being sutured. The number of requests for further analgesia, and the amount of analgesia given postoperatively (as diclofenac sodium) were recorded. The intensity of postoperative pain was recorded on a visual analogue scale (VAS), and postoperative requests for analgesia, haemodynamic variables (systolic blood pressure and heart rate), and complications were compared. The groups were comparable. A single dose of diclofenac or paracetamol effectively decreases the intensity of postoperative pain after bimaxillary osteotomy.
No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We studied the effects of low-dose midazolam with propofol for patient control sedation (PCS) in 30 healthy (ASA grade I) patients who were randomly allocated into two equal groups (n = 15 in each). They were given a propofol infusion of 2mg/kg/h after a bolus dose of 0.7 mg/kg. The second group was given the 2mg/kg/h propofol infusion after a dose of midazolam 0.03 mg/kg and a bolus dose of propofol 0.7 mg/kg. The standard dose for PCS was propofol 0.2mg/kg in both groups. Clinical data were taken and haemodynamic variables, and oxygen saturation were recorded before and on the 5th, 10th, 20th, and 30th minutes during the operations. The level of sedation, amnesia and conditions of each patient were evaluated during the study. Patients' satisfaction was recorded using a modified visual analogue scale (VAS). All results were evaluated statistically. We conclude that low-dose midazolam with propofol during PCS neither reduced oxygen saturation nor prolonged the time of discharge. Low-dose midazolam with propofol also improved the acceptability and comfort for patients and made the operation easier, which makes it preferable to propofol alone.
No preview · Article · Jul 2004 · British Journal of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery