Michael S. Roh

Columbia University, New York City, New York, United States

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Publications (6)8.96 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: To determine and quantify the relationship of osteoarthritis (OA) in the trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal joints; to ascertain the dependability of radiographic assessment of trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal OA; to determine the articular topography of the scaphotrapezio-trapezoidal (STT) joint (composed of the scaphotrapezial and scaphotrapezoidal articulations) using stereophotogrammetry; and to characterize the articular wear patterns of STT OA. Sixty-nine fresh-frozen human cadaveric hands were staged radiographically and by gross visual examination for the presence of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joints. Twenty randomly selected joints also were evaluated to determine the topography of the STT joint using stereophotogrammetry. Concomitant severe osteoarthritic degeneration was found in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joint in 60% of our specimens. A correlation was found in the severity of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joints. Radiographic and gross visual evaluation of STT OA concurred in 39% of our specimens. The prevalence of concomitant trapeziometacarpal and STT OA, and the uncertainty of radiographic evaluation of STT OA, indicate the need to visualize the STT joint intraoperatively to determine the true degree of degenerative changes present.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2003 · The Journal Of Hand Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine and quantify the relationship of osteoarthritis (OA) in the trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal joints; to ascertain the dependability of radiographic assessment of trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal OA; to determine the articular topography of the scaphotrapezio-trapezoidal (STT) joint (composed of the scaphotrapezial and scaphotrapezoidal articulations) using stereophotogrammetry; and to characterize the articular u a -patterns of STT OA. wear patterns of STT OA. Methods: Sixty-nine fresh-frozen human cadaveric hands were staged radiographically and by gross visual examination for the presence of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joint. Twenty randomly selected joints also were evaluated to determine the topography of them STT joint using stereophotogrammetry. Results: Concomitant severe osteoarthritic degeneration was found-in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joint in 60% of our specimens. A correlation was found in the severity of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joints. Radiographic and gross visual evaluation of STT OA concurred in 39% of our specimens. Conclusions: The prevalence of concomitant trapeziometacarpal and STT OA, and the uncertainty of radiographic evaluation of STT OA, indicate the need to visualize the STT joint intraoperatively to to determine the true degree of degenerative changes present. Copyright (C) 2003 by the American Society for Surgery of the Hand.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2003 · The Journal Of Hand Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Purpose: To determine and quantify the relationship of osteoarthritis (OA) in the trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal joints; to ascertain the dependability of radiographic assessment of trapeziometacarpal, scaphotrapezial, and scaphotrapezoidal OA; to determine the articular topography of the scaphotrapezio-trapezoidal (STT) joint (composed of the scaphotrapezial and scaphotrapezoidal articulations) using stereophotogrammetry; and to characterize the articular wear patterns of STT OA.Methods: Sixty-nine fresh-frozen human cadaveric hands were staged radiographically and by gross visual examination for the presence of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joints. Twenty randomly selected joints also were evaluated to determine the topography of the STT joint using stereophotogrammetry.Results: Concomitant severe osteoarthritic degeneration was found in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joint in 60% of our specimens. A correlation was found in the severity of OA in the trapeziometacarpal and STT joints. Radiographic and gross visual evaluation of STT OA concurred in 39% of our specimens.Conclusions: The prevalence of concomitant trapeziometacarpal and STT OA, and the uncertainty of radiographic evaluation of STT OA, indicate the need to visualize the STT joint intraoperatively to determine the true degree of degenerative changes present.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2003
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    ABSTRACT: The objective of this study was to quantitatively describe the supraspinatus musculotendinous architecture. After supraspinatus muscles were harvested from 25 embalmed shoulders, each muscle was divided into an anterior and posterior muscle belly on the basis of muscle fiber insertion. Pennation angles and musculotendinous dimensions were measured, and the physiologic cross-sectional area was calculated for each muscle belly. The physiologic cross-sectional areas of the anterior and posterior bellies were calculated to be 140 +/- 43 mm2 and 62 +/- 25 mm2, respectively, whereas their tendon cross-sectional areas were 26.4 +/- 11.3 mm2 and 31.2 +/- 10.1 mm2, respectively. The average anterior-to-posterior ratios for the muscle physiologic cross-sectional area and the tendon cross-sectional area were 2.45 +/- 0.82 and 0.87 +/- 0.30, respectively. Thus, a larger anterior muscle pulls through a smaller tendon area. These data suggest that physiologically, anterior tendon stress is significantly greater than posterior tendon stress and that rotator cuff tendon repairs should incorporate the anterior tendon whenever possible, inasmuch as it functions as the primary contractile unit.
    No preview · Article · Sep 2000 · Journal of Shoulder and Elbow Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Although the etiology of osteoarthritis of the thumb carpometacarpal (CMC) joint remains unclear, some theories have focused on variations in the local anatomy of the abductor pollicis longus tendon insertion. This cadaver study of 68 specimens analyzed the relationship between a thenar insertion of an accessory abductor pollicis longus tendon and the presence and severity of thumb CMC osteoarthritis. The joint cartilage surfaces were visually graded for degenerative changes. Thirty-five of 68 specimens (51%) had a thenar insertion, most frequently inserting on either the abductor pollicis brevis or opponens pollicis fascia or muscle belly. No significant association between a thenar insertion and thumb CMC arthritis was observed. Conversely, increasing age was noted to have a significant association with degenerative joint disease. Thus, these findings indicate that a thenar slip of the abductor pollicis longus tendon does not correlate with the presence or severity of CMC osteoarthritis.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2000 · The Journal Of Hand Surgery
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    ABSTRACT: Unstable fractures of the distal radius continue to pose a challenge to the hand surgeon. Adjunctive bone grafting is often required to augment structural integrity and aid healing. Because of the risks inherent to bone autograft harvest, however, freeze-dried, irradiated cancellous bone allograft has been used to treat unstable distal radius fractures with severe metaphyseal comminution. Seventeen patients with such fractures (mean age, 70 years; 2 males and 15 females) were treated with bone allograft and external fixation with or without internal fixation. The outcome was evaluated using the modified Mayo wrist score, demonstrating 3 excellent, 8 good, 6 fair, and no poor results on follow-up examination (mean follow-up period, 23 months; range, 7-43 months). The patients were requested to return for follow-up review between 1997 and 1998. These results show that cancellous bone allograft is a useful adjunct to external fixation in the treatment of unstable distal radius fractures.
    No preview · Article · Dec 1999 · The Journal Of Hand Surgery

Publication Stats

140 Citations
8.96 Total Impact Points

Institutions

  • 2003
    • Columbia University
      • College of Physicians and Surgeons
      New York City, New York, United States
  • 2000-2003
    • New York Presbyterian Hospital
      New York, New York, United States
    • Mid-Columbia Medical Center
      DLS, Oregon, United States