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Publications (5)12.43 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Breast cancers expressing high levels of Ki-67, a nuclear marker of cell proliferation, are associated with worse outcome. Recent data from neoadjuvant studies indicate that a single measurement of the nuclear proliferation marker Ki-67 in breast carcinoma during neoadjuvant therapy is strongly predictive of long-term outcome. Secondly, recent literature data indicate that prognostic evaluation with Ki-67 may be better after pre-surgical therapy. A retrospective study from a prospectively maintained clinical database to compare the predictive and prognostic significance of biological markers, assessed before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy, in locally advanced breast cancer, was performed. The following parameters were considered before and after chemotherapy for their relationship with treatment response and disease-free survival in 64 patients with locally advanced breast cancer: clinical stage, clinical and pathological lymph node involvement, Ki-67, estrogen receptor (ER), progesterone receptor (Pgr), Her2, tumor grade, clinical response, type of surgery performed, and number of chemotherapy cycles administered. The expression of Ki-67 was assessed using immunohistochemistry in pre-therapy tru-cut and post-therapy surgical excision specimens after neoadjuvant chemotherapy; only patients with breast tumors expressing high baseline Ki-67 (≥ 15%) were included in the analysis. In addition, the correlation between pre-chemotherapy biological markers and clinical and pathological response was reported. Post-chemotherapy Ki-67 proliferation index decrease, pre-chemotherapy ER expression and post-chemotherapy ER expression were the only significant prognostic factors adversely influencing disease-free survival in univariate analysis. Her2 overexpression was the only factor to impact on the clinical response. Conclusions: Post-treatment Ki-67 and ER status were predictors of outcome for patients with locally advanced breast cancer and a high pre-chemotherapy proliferation index.
    No preview · Article · Mar 2011 · Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Bi-weekly gemcitabine (G) in combination with docetaxel (D) is an effective treatment for metastatic breast cancer (MBC) previously treated with adjuvant/neoadjuvant anthracyclines containing regimens with a good toxicity profile. In the present phase II study, we investigated the activity of the same regimen as first-line treatment. Women with breast cancer pretreated in adjuvant/neoadjuvant setting with anthracyclines received bi-weekly G (1,250 mg/m² days 1, 15) and D (50 mg/m² days 1, 15) every 28 days with restaging after 3 and 6 cycles. Overall 42 patients were enrolled. Median age is 48 years (range, 31-71 years). Eight patients (19%) achieved complete responses, 18 (43%) partial responses for an overall response rate (ORR) of 62%; five patients (12%) obtained stable disease (SD), and 8 (19%) patients had progressive disease (PD). After a median 17-month follow-up, the median time to disease progression was 12 months (95% CI, 3-26 months) and the median survival time was 27 months (95% CI, 4-57 months). No grade 4 toxicity was seen except in one patient who developed a grade 4 neutropenia. Grade 3 toxicities were leukopenia (2%), neutropenia (14%), anemia (2%), nausea and vomiting (2%), diarrhea (2%), asthenia (2%), and skin toxicity (12%). The GD bi-weekly regimen is well tolerated and active as first line in anthracyclines-pretreated women with MBC. It appears as an interesting alternative compared to a 3-week schedule whenever hematological toxicity is the main clinical concern.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2011 · Cancer Chemotherapy and Pharmacology
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    Loredana Miglietta · Luciano Canobbio · Maria Angela Parodi · Luca Anselmi
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    ABSTRACT: Uterine smooth muscle tumors range from benign leiomyomata to low- and high-grade leiomyosarcomas. A leiomyosarcoma is a rare malignant smooth muscle tumor that infrequently metastasizes to the bone. In fact, initial presentation or recurrence as osseous metastases is extremely uncommon in patients with a history of leiomyosarcoma. On imaging, these bone lesions generally appear as lytic foci. The authors report here two cases of osteoblastic bone lesions in leiomyosarcoma of the uterus with predominant metastatic lesions localized in the bone.
    Full-text · Article · Feb 2010 · Case Reports in Oncology
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    ABSTRACT: Biological markers that reliably predict clinical and pathological response to primary systemic therapy may have considerable clinical potential; this study evaluated response compared to expression of ER, PgR and Her2, grading and Ki-67 proliferation index before and after neoadjuvant chemotherapy in patients with locally advanced breast cancer (LABC). Fifty-five patients received neoadjuvant chemotherapy for LABC. The incidence of clinical and pathological responses was assessed with respect to basal clinical stage, absent/low vs. high ER and PgR status, low vs. high proliferation index, grading and Her2 overexpression. Overall, 30 patients (54%) underwent downstaging of their primary tumor; pathological complete remission was observed in only one patient with Her2 positive breast tumor. Patients with pre-treatment Ki-67 >20%, Her2 overexpression, T2b/T3 vs. T4 clinical stage achieved higher response rate. The future of neoadjuvant therapy lies in tailoring treatment to individual patients by identifying response predictors; although the number of patients reported is small, this study confirms that clinical stage at diagnosis, Ki-67 reduction and Her2 overexpression are predictive of tumor response to neoadjuvant regimens.
    No preview · Article · Jun 2009 · Anticancer research
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    ABSTRACT: Low levels of lignans, namely enterolactone, have been reported to be associated with an increased risk of breast cancer in the general female population. We assessed, retrospectively, the relationship between serum enterolactone concentrations and the occurrence of breast cancer in women with palpable cysts. The levels of enterolactone in cryopreserved serum aliquots, obtained from 383 women with palpable cysts at the time of their first cyst aspiration, were measured using a time-resolved fluoroimmunoassay (TR-FIA). After a median follow-up time of 6.5 years (range 0.5-12.75 years), 18 women were found to have developed an invasive breast cancer. Median values of serum enterolactone were significantly lower in women who subsequently developed breast cancer: 8.5 nM/l versus 16.0 nM/l: P=0.04. Odd Ratios (OR) for breast cancer were: 0.36 (P=0.03), 0.57 (P=0.3) and 0.38 (P=0.25) for 25th (8 nM/l), 50th (16 nM/l) and 75th (24 nM/l) percentile values, respectively. The receiver operating characteristic (ROC) analysis showed a satisfactory accuracy for enterolactone as a breast cancer risk indicator (area under the curve (AUC)=0.64: P=0.04). Logistic regression analysis confirmed that the enterolactone concentration had a strong protective effect on the breast cancer risk. These findings may have important clinical implications with regard to interventional diet-focused chemo-preventive trials.
    No preview · Article · Feb 2004 · European Journal of Cancer