[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Our aim was to clarify the correlation of attention deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) with epilepsy and behavior problems. This was a cross-sectional study. Sixty children with idiopathic epilepsy were interviewed using the MTA-SNAP IV Teacher and Parent Rating Scale, Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales and Conners' Rating Scales. We used the chi-square test to analyze the correlation of epilepsy variables in patients with and without ADHD with a significance level of 0.05. Eight patients had ADHD symptoms (13%), seven had the inattentive ADHD subtype and only three had behavioral problems. When epileptic patients with and without ADHD symptoms were compared we found no significant difference in regard to epilepsy variables. All patients were controlled and 43% were either without AED or undergoing withdrawal. Our study revealed a low comorbidity of ADHD symptoms and epilepsy due to low interference of seizures and drug treatment on the comorbid condition.
Preview · Article · Mar 2014 · Arquivos de neuro-psiquiatria
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Rolandic epilepsy (RE) is the most common type of childhood focal epilepsy. Although there is no intellectual deficit, children with RE may have specific cognitive impairments. The aims of this study were to identify changes in executive functions in children with RE and to verify the influence of epilepsy and seizure variables. We evaluated 25 children with RE and 28 healthy controls. A comprehensive neuropsychological battery was utilized. The results showed that the RE children had worse performance than the control group in some categories of the Wisconsin Card Sorting Test, the Trail Making Test part B, and the Verbal Fluency Test (FAS). Children with earlier onset of epilepsy had worse performance when compared with children with later onset of epilepsy. We conclude that children with RE may show a deficit in executive function despite their normal IQ. The set of tests was more extensive than what was previously used in other studies. Our study suggests that early seizures can interfere with brain development. Regarding cognition, the term benign should be used cautiously in RE.
No preview · Article · Jun 2012 · Epilepsy & Behavior
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Landau-Kleffner syndrome (LKS) is a rare entity characterized by epilepsy and aphasia. It occurs in previously normal children, usually between three and seven years of age. The long-term outcome of LKS is not completely clear. The aim of this study is to verify the long-term follow-up of a group of patients with LKS, focusing on clinical and electroencephalographic (EEG) aspects, and quality of life.
This was a transversal study. Between November 2006 and April 2007 seven patients with previous diagnosis of LKS were interviewed. They had had a follow-up of three to 16 years after their disease onset. They were all males between the ages of eight and 27 years old. All patients had normal MRI. Parents and/or patients were interviewed by one of the authors using a structured questionnaire. The Vineland Adaptive Behavior Scales, the Conner's Rating Scales-Revised, and Short-Form Health Survey (SF 36) were used. Each patient had a prolonged interictal EEG recording. All patients had normal MRI.
The present investigation revealed that two patients still have seizures several years after epilepsy onset. One patient had total and three others had partial remission of language disturbance, while three patients still have aphasia and verbal auditory agnosia. With respect to quality of life, only one of our patients has a normal life at present. The remaining six patients with some sort of limitation consider the aphasia/agnosia to be the main difficulty in their lives. Five patients have normal EEGs.
The long-term follow-up of patients with LKS shows that epilepsy and EEG abnormalities do not always disappear. Language disturbances tend to persist in most patients. The age of onset of language dysfunction does not seem to correlate with the prognosis for recovery of language function. Patients with LKS have an overall poor quality of life, mostly due to language difficulties.
No preview · Article · Nov 2008 · Brain & development