[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The intradermal delivery of an antisense oligonucleotide was examined by iontophoresis. In this experiment, the antisense sequence of [(32)P]-labeled phosphodiester oligonucleotide ([(32)P]D-oligo, 18-mer) hybridizing to mouse interleukin 10 (IL-10) mRNA was used as a model D-oligo. In in vitro iontophoretic experiments, isolated hairless mouse skin was used with a horizontal diffusion cell. The enhancing effect of pulse depolarization (PDP) iontophoresis on the [(32)P]D-oligo permeation through the skin was better, and the skin irritation was less, than those of constant direct current (CDC) iontophoresis. The apparent fluxes of [(32)P]D-oligo were enhanced with the increasing current densities and [(32)P]D-oligo concentrations in the donor solution, whereas the enhanced flux decreased with the increasing NaCl concentrations in the donor solution. An optimum electric current was observed for the intradermal delivery of [(32)P]D-oligo, and intact [(32)P]D-oligo was detected within the skin after iontophoresis for 6 h. These results suggest that PDP iontophoresis may be useful for the intradermal delivery of antisense oligonucleotides.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The effects of phosphorothioate antisense oligonucleotides (AS-S-oligos) directed against murine interleukin-10 (IL-10) mRNA on IL-10 production in RAW264.7 cells, a murine macrophage-like cell line, when stimulated by lipopolysaccharide (LPS) were examined. Of the six AS-S-oligos used, AS-S-oligos directed against the 3'-untranslated region (3'-UTR) of IL-10 mRNA (AS6-S-oligo) showed the strongest inhibitory effect on IL-10 production, and this inhibition was dose and time dependent. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) revealed that the antisense effect originated from a specific reduction of target IL-10 mRNA by hybridization with AS6-S-oligo. In addition, AS6-S-oligo did not affect tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-alpha) production in cells stimulated by LPS, and S-oligos with control sequences did not affect IL-10 production. These findings suggested that AS6-S-oligo most powerfully inhibited IL-10 production in macrophages by an antisense mechanism.
No preview · Article · Sep 1998 · Antisense and Nucleic Acid Drug Development