[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: ChemInform is a weekly Abstracting Service, delivering concise information at a glance that was extracted from about 200 leading journals. To access a ChemInform Abstract, please click on HTML or PDF.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With neutron powder diffraction, electron diffraction, and second-harmonic generation, we have shown that BiScO3 has a structure closely related to that of multiferroic BiMnO3, but BiScO3 crystallizes in the centrosymmetric space group of C2/c. These results bring up a question about the origin of ferroelectricity in BiMnO3. BiScO3 may serve as a model system to understand the role of Mn3+ ions in the ferroelectricity of BiMnO3.
No preview · Article · Feb 2006 · Journal of the American Chemical Society
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: New oxides, BiAlO3 and BiGaO3, were prepared using a high-pressure high-temperature technique at 6 GPa and 1273−1473 K. BiAlO3 is isotypic with multiferroic perovskite-like BiFeO3 and has octahedrally coordinated Al3+ ions. Structure parameters of BiAlO3 were refined from laboratory X-ray powder diffraction data (space group R3c; Z = 6; a = 5.37546(5) Å and c = 13.3933(1) Å). BiGaO3 has the structure closely related to pyroxene-like KVO3. Structure parameters of BiGaO3 were refined from time-of-flight neutron powder diffraction data (space group Pcca; Z = 4; a = 5.4162(2) Å, b = 5.1335(3) Å, and c = 9.9369(5) Å). The GaO4 tetrahedra in BiGaO3 are joined by corners forming infinite (GaO3)3- chains along the a axis. Bi3+ ions in BiGaO3 have 6-fold coordination. Both BiAlO3 and BiGaO3 decompose at ambient pressure on heating above 820 K to give Bi2M4O9 and Bi25MO39 (M = Al and Ga). Vibrational properties of BiAlO3 and BiGaO3 were studied by Raman spectroscopy. In solid solutions of BiAl1-xGaxO3, a C-centered monoclinic phase structurally related to PbTiO3 with lattice parameters of a = 5.1917(4) Å, b = 5.1783(4) Å, c = 4.4937(3) Å, and β = 91.853(3)° was found.
No preview · Article · Jan 2006 · Chemistry of Materials