[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: In this manuscript for the first time we describe the concomitant diagnosis of primary renal non-Hodgkin lymphoma (PRL) and of a papillary urothelial cancer in a patient with megaloblastic anemia. PRL is a rare disease, since the kidney is one of the extranodal organs usually not containing lymphoid tissue. The disease usually affects adults with an average age of 60 years and slight male preponderance. Flank pain is the most common presenting symptom and different histologies have been reported. A review of literature indicated that simultaneous diagnosis of PRL and papillary urothelial carcinoma of the urether, makes our case unique. The early diagnosis of both diseases allowed the eradication of the two neoplasms by nephro-ureterecthomy and by performing subsequent systemic chemotherapy.
Preview · Article · Jul 2007 · Journal of experimental & clinical cancer research: CR
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Increased plasma levels of fibrinogen are been associated with an increased risk of cardiovascular accident. We aimed at verifying whether the changes of fibrinogen levels are associated with red blood cell (and/or hemoglobin) concentration.
A group of 381 carefully selected healthy volunteers (219 male and 162 female), aged from 18 to 101 years, were enrolled in this study. Fasting blood samples were taken and all measurements (fibrinogen plasma level, whole blood viscosity, hemoglobin concentration, hematocrit value, red blood cell and white blood cell count, platelet count, glucose, total cholesterol and triglycerides plasma concentration, and C-reactive protein level) were obtained with standardized methodology using appropriate equipment, procedures, and controls.
In the male but not in the female group, plasma fibrinogen concentration inversely correlated with hemoglobin (P < 0.0001) and hematocrit value (P < 0.01). In a post hoc analysis, plasma fibrinogen level inversely correlated with hemoglobin in the subgroup of the 93 premenopausal women and directly correlated with age and inversely correlated with platelet count in the subgroup of the 69 postmenopausal women. Results of multiple regression analysis revealed that in all the subjects, except in the postmenopausal women, hemoglobin level is an independent predictor of fibrinogen plasma level. Considering the physiopathologic role of increased plasma fibrinogen concentration and the scarcity of pharmacologic approaches to decrease its level, these findings could be important in designing a preventive therapy of cardiovascular disease.
No preview · Article · Apr 2007 · The American Journal of the Medical Sciences
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Between 30 and 50% of patients with acute myeloid leukaemia (AML) relapse after autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT). One possibility of reducing the relapse rate could be the adoption of conditioning regimens specifically designed for AML. We report treatment results achieved with a new conditioning for ASCT, based on high-dose idarubicin (IDA) plus oral busulphan. Patients (n = 40) were conditioned with a regimen consisting of 3 d continuous intravenous infusion IDA at 20 mg/m2, followed by 4 d conventional dose oral busulphan. Unpurged peripheral blood stem cells were used in all cases. All patients had non-M3-AML and were in first complete remission (CR). The median number of CD34+ cells infused was 6.9 x 10(6)/l (2.6-24). No case of transplant-related mortality occurred. In all cases, left ventricular ejection fraction remained unmodified after ASCT. Thirty-three of 40 patients (82%) had grade 3-4 mucositis requiring total parenteral nutrition in all cases. After a median follow up for surviving patients of 32 months from ASCT, 30 patients (75%) are alive and 26 (65%) are in continuous CR. Our data show that a conditioning regimen based on high-dose IDA plus busulphan results in an encouraging reduction of the relapse rate after ASCT in AML.
Preview · Article · Feb 2005 · British Journal of Haematology
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: We report a rare case of a patient with multiple myeloma who developed hyperamylasemia not associated to hyperamylasuria and without symptoms of pancreatic or salivary disease. This condition suggested the occurrence of macroamylasemia, consisting of macromolecules of amylase bound with immunoglobulins, which are not filtered by the kidneys. Hyperamylasemia was not present at the diagnosis of myeloma and appeared at the relapse of the disease, simultaneously with the appearance of an additional gamma-chain oligoclonal component, suggesting a possible role of these chains in producing macroamylasemia. To our knowledge, this is the first report of macroamylasemia in a patient with multiple myeloma.
No preview · Article · Sep 2002 · Leukemia and Lymphoma