[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: Screening of our internal chemical collection against the neuropeptide Y5 (NPY Y5) receptor allowed the identification of a benzoxazine derivative 5f as a hit that showed moderate affinity (IC(50) = 300 nM). With the aim of improving the in vitro potency, a series of 2-benzoxazinone derivatives have been synthesized and tested for NPY Y5 activity. Most of the compounds were found to be potent and selective NPY Y5 antagonists having nanomolar binding affinities for the NPY Y5 receptor and showing functional antagonism in the forskolin-induced cyclic AMP test. Prelimminary studies in order to understand the structure-activity relationship were undertaken. Selected compounds were further evaluated for in vivo efficacy, affording the lead compound 2-[4-(8-methyl-2-oxo-4H-benzo[d][1,3]oxazin-1-yl)piperidin-1-yl]-N-(9-oxo-9H-fluoren-3-yl)acetamide 5p, which displayed in vivo activity reducing food intake in rodents.
No preview · Article · Apr 2005 · Journal of Medicinal Chemistry
[Show abstract][Hide abstract]ABSTRACT: The general pharmacological profile and effects of E-4716 on the CNS have been investigated in comparison with other histamine receptor blockers. In in vitro studies with isolated organs and in binding studies on numerous receptors, E-4716 had no activity even at high concentrations, except for the selective blockade of H1 receptors. No activity was observed in pharmacological trials in vivo, such as the Irwin test or analgesia induced by phenylbenzoquinone or electroshock, suggesting a depressant activity on the CNS. In tests potentiating hypnosis induced by barbiturates, benzodiazepines and ethanol in mice, E-4716 always showed milder potentiating effects than the other reference drugs. In monkeys, no sedating effects were observed at 200 mg/kg, p.o. These results suggest that E-4716 exhibits good clinical efficacy without any secondary effects.
No preview · Article · May 1998 · Methods and Findings in Experimental and Clinical Pharmacology