Luiz Carlos Cichota

Universidade Federal de Santa Maria, Santa Maria da Boca do Monte, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil

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Publications (4)3.49 Total impact

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    ABSTRACT: Background: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is characterized by oxidative stress, and most of the adverse effects of CKD are mediated by iron-catalyzed ROS generation. The DNA, in particular, is more susceptible to attack by ROS than other proteins and membrane lipids. Considering the evidence on the relationship between CKD, iron metabolism, and DNA damage, the purpose of this study was to evaluate cell-free DNA in the plasma of HD patients and its association with iron status biomarkers and kidney function. Methods: Measurements of the circulating cell-free DNA in plasma, iron, ferritin, transferrin and other biochemical parameters were performed in 40 chronic hemodialysis (HD) patients and 40 healthy controls. Blood samples were also collected 1 hour before and 1 hour after the HD session to check whether a single HD session would be able to promote an increase in cell-free DNA in the plasma. Results: Cell-free DNA in plasma was significantly increased in HD patients in comparison with healthy controls (p = 0.0017), and significant correlations were observed between cell-free DNA and GFR and ferritin. Our findings showed that a single HD session was not able to promote an increase in cell-free DNA. It was reported that increased ferritin levels and reduced GFR were associated with higher circulating cell-free DNA. Conclusions: The HD patients presented increased ceIl-free DNA. In addition, the increase of ferritin levels and the decrease of GFR were associated with DNA damage. We also observed that a single HD session was not able to promote an increase in cell-free DNA.
    No preview · Article · Oct 2015 · Clinical laboratory
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    ABSTRACT: This work reports the validation of an analytical UV spectrophotometric method to assay dexamethasone in tablets (assay and dissolution studies). The method was linear in the range between 1 and 30 μg mL-1 presenting a good correlation coefficient (r = 0.9998, n = 7). Precision and accuracy analysis showed low relative stansard deviation (< 2.00%) and good percentual recoveries (95-105%). The procedure was linear, accurate, precise, and robust. The method is simple, and it has low cost. It does not use polluting reagents and can be applied in dissolution studies, being an adequate alternative to assay dexamethasone in tablets.
    No preview · Article · Jan 2009 · Química Nova
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    ABSTRACT: This work reports the validation of an analytical UV spectrophotometric method to assay dexamethasone in tablets (assay and dissolution studies). The method was linear in the range between 1 and 30 µg mL-1 presenting a good correlation coefficient (r = 0.9998, n = 7). Precision and accuracy analysis showed low relative standard deviation (< 2.00%) and good percentual recoveries (95-105%). The procedure was linear, accurate, precise, and robust. The method is simple, and it has low cost. It does not use polluting reagents and can be applied in dissolution studies, being an adequate alternative to assay dexamethasone in tablets.
    Full-text · Article · Dec 2008 · Química Nova
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    ABSTRACT: Chronic kidney disease (CKD) is highly prevalent, with increasing numbers of patients affected by the disease world-wide, and anemia is a common finding in patients with CKD. Anemia impacts negatively on cardiovascular disease, exercise capacity, and quality of life, resulting in significant mortality and morbidity. The aim of this study was to evaluate the levels of ischemia-modified albumin and lactate in patients with established anemia associated with CKD and its correlations with hemoglobin levels. Hematocrit, hemoglobin, iron, ferritin, albumin, creatinine, lactate, and ischemia-modified albumin (IMA) were measured in 17 patients with established anemia associated to CKD and 19 controls by standard methods. The results of hematocrit, hemoglobin, iron, and albumin were lower in the anemia group than in the control group. Ferritin, creatinine, and lactate levels were higher in anemia of the CKD group than the control group. IMA increase in the anemia group (0.8115+/-0.1304 absorbance units [ABSU]) compared to control (0.4951+/-0.0393 ABSU). Significant correlations between IMA and lactate, IMA and hemoglobin, IMA and creatinine, and hemoglobin and lactate were observed. IMA and lactate increase during anemia and this elevation could be associated to hypoxia due to low hemoglobin levels. However, our data suggest that lactate is more sensitive to anemia compared to IMA.
    Preview · Article · Jan 2008 · Journal of Clinical Laboratory Analysis