[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Different brain regions exhibit differing sensitivities to ischemia/excitotoxicity. Whether these differences are due to perfusion or intrinsic factors has not been established. Herein, we found no apparent association between sensitivity to ischemia/excitotoxicity and the level of expression or basal phosphorylation of calcium/calmodulin-stimulated protein kinase II (αCaMKII) or glutamate receptors. However, we demonstrated significant differences in CaMKII-mediated responses after ischemia/excitotoxic stimulation in striatum and cortex. In vivo ischemia and in vitro excitotoxic stimulation produced more rapid phosphorylation of Thr253-αCaMKII in striatum compared with cortex, but equal rates of Thr286-αCaMKII phosphorylation. Phosphorylation by CaMKII of Ser831-GluA1 and Ser1303-GluN2B occurred more rapidly in striatum than in cortex after either stimulus. The differences between brain regions in CaMKII activation and its effects were not accounted for by differences in the expression of αCaMKII, glutamate receptors, or density of synapses. These results implicate intrinsic tissue differences in Thr253-αCaMKII phosphorylation in the differential sensitivities of brain regions to ischemia/excitotoxicity.Journal of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism advance online publication, 29 August 2012; doi:10.1038/jcbfm.2012.124.
Preview · Article · Aug 2012 · Journal of cerebral blood flow and metabolism: official journal of the International Society of Cerebral Blood Flow and Metabolism
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Autophosphorylation of Ca(2+)-calmodulin stimulated protein kinase II (CaMKII) at two sites (Thr286 and Thr305/306) is known to regulate the subcellular location and activity of this enzyme in vivo. CaMKII is also known to be autophosphorylated at Thr253 in vitro but the functional effect of phosphorylation at this site and whether it occurs in vivo, is not known. Using antibodies that specifically recognize CaMKII phosphorylated at Thr253 together with FLAG-tagged wild type and phospho- and dephospho-mimic mutants of alpha-CaMKII, we have shown that Thr253 phosphorylation has no effect on either the Ca(2+)-calmodulin dependent or autonomous kinase activity of recombinant alpha-CaMKII in vitro. However, the Thr253Asp phosphomimic mutation increased alpha-CaMKII binding to subcellular fractions enriched in post-synaptic densities (PSDs). The increase in binding was similar in extent, and additive, to that produced by phosphorylation of Thr286. Thr253 phosphorylation was dynamically regulated in intact hippocampal slices. KCl induced depolarisation increased Thr253 phosphorylation and the phospho-Thr253-CaMKII was specifically recovered in the subcellular fraction enriched in PSDs. These results identify Thr253 as an additional site at which CaMKII is phosphorylated in vivo and suggest that this dynamic phosphorylation may regulate CaMKII function by altering its distribution within the cell.
Full-text · Article · Aug 2006 · Journal of Neurochemistry