Publications (34)116.11 Total impact
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DESCRIPTION: A sideband cooling strategy that incorporates (i) the dynamics induced by structured (non Markovian) environments in the target and auxiliary systems and (ii) the optimallytimemodulated interaction between them is developed. For the context of cavity optomechanics, when nonMarkovian dynamics are considered in the target system, ground state cooling is reached at much faster rates and at much lower phonon occupation number than previously reported. In contrast to similar current strategies, ground state cooling is reached here for couplingstrength rates that are experimentally accesible for the stateoftheart implementations. After the ultrafast optimalgroundstatecooling protocol is accomplished, an additional optimal control strategy is considered to maintain the phonon number as closer as possible to the one obtained in the cooling procedure. Contrary to the conventional expectation, when nonMarkovian dynamics are considered in the auxiliary system, the efficiency of the cooling protocol is undermined.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A sideband cooling strategy that incorporates (i) the dynamics induced by structured (nonMarkovian) environments in the target and auxiliary systems and (ii) the optimallytimemodulated interaction between them is developed. For the context of cavity optomechanics, when nonMarkovian dynamics are considered in the target system, ground state cooling is reached at much faster rates and at much lower phonon occupation number than previously reported. In constrast to similar current strategies, ground state cooling is reached here for couplingstrength rates that are experimentally accesible for the stateoftheart implementations. After the ultrafast optimalgroundstatecooling protocol is accomplished, an additional optimal control strategy is considered to maintain the phonon number as closer as possible to the one obtained in the cooling procedure. Contrary to the conventional expectation, when nonMarkovian dynamics are considered in the auxiliary system, the efficiency of the cooling protocol is undermined.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: It is generally recognized that a distinguishing feature of life is its peculiar capability to avoid equilibration. The origin of this capability and its evolution along the timeline of abiogenesis is not yet understood. We propose to study an analog of this phenomenon that could emerge in nonbiological systems. To this end, we introduce the concept of sustainability of transient kinetic regimes. This concept is illustrated via investigation of cooperative effects in an extended system of compartmentalized chemical oscillators under batch conditions. The computational study of a model system shows robust enhancement of lifetimes of the decaying oscillations which translates into the evolution of the survival function of the nonequilibrium regime. This model does not rely on any form of replication. Rather, it explores the role of a structured effective environment as a contributor to the systembath interactions that define non equilibrium regimes. We implicate the noise produced by the effective environment of a compartmentalized oscillator as the cause of the lifetime extension.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Frame dragging (LenseThirring effect) is generally associated with rotating astrophysical objects. However, it can also be generated by electromagnetic fields if electric and magnetic fields are simultaneously present. In most models of astrophysical objects, macroscopic charge neutrality is assumed and the entire electromagnetic field is characterized in terms of a magnetic dipole component. Hence, the purely electromagnetic contribution to the frame dragging vanishes. However, strange stars may posses independent electric dipole and neutron stars independent electric quadrupole moments that may lead to the presence of purely electromagnetic contributions to the frame dragging. Moreover, recent observations have shown that in stars with strong electromagnetic fields, the magnetic quadrupole may have a significant contribution to the dynamics of stellar processes. As an attempt to characterized and quantify the effect of electromagnetic framedragging in this kind of astrophysical objects, an analytic solution to the EinsteinMaxwell equations is constructed here on the basis that the electromagnetic field is generated by the combination of arbitrary magnetic and electric dipoles plus arbitrary magnetic and electric quadrupole moments. The effect of each multipole contribution on the vorticity scalar and the Poynting vector is described in detail. Corrections on important quantities such the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO) and the epyciclic frequencies are also considered.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Reconstruction of the dynamics (quantum process tomography) of the singleexciton manifold in energy transfer systems is proposed here on the basis of twodimensional fluorescence spectroscopy (2DFS) with phasemodulation. The quantumprocesstomography protocol introduced here benefits from, e.g., the sensitivity enhancement and signaltonoise ratio ascribed to 2DFS. Although the isotropically averaged spectroscopic signals depend on the quantum yield parameter $\Gamma$ of the doublyexcitedexciton manifold, it is shown that the reconstruction of the dynamics is insensitive to this parameter. Applications to foundational and applied problems, as well as further extensions, are discussed.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: A classical formulation of the quantum multichromophoric theory of resonance energy transfer is developed on the basis of classical electrodynamics. The theory allows for the identification of a variety of processes of different orderintheinteractions that contribute to the energy transfer in molecular aggregates with intracoupling in donors and acceptor chromophores. Enhanced rates in multichromophoric resonance energy transfer are shown to be well described by this theory. Specifically, in a coupling configuration between N_{\mathrm{A}}$ acceptors and $N_{\mathrm{D}}$ donors, the theory correctly predicts an enhancement of the energy transfer rate dependent on the total number of donoracceptor pairs. As an example, the theory, applied to the transfer rate in LH~II, gives results in excellent agreement with experiment. Finally, it is explicitly shown that as long as linear response theory holds, the classical multichromophoric theory formally coincides with the quantum formulation.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The interplay between nonMarkovian dynamics and driving fields in the survival of entanglement between two nondegenerate oscillators is considered here. Based on exact analytical results for the nonMarkovian dynamics of two parametrically coupled nondegenerate oscillators in contact to nonidentical independent thermal baths, the outofequilibrium quantum limit derived in [Phys. Rev. Lett. 105, 180501 (2010)] is generalized to the nonMarkovian regime. Specifically, it is shown that nonMarkovian dynamics, when compared to the Markovian case, allow for the survival of stationary entanglement at higher temperatures, with larger coupling strength to the baths and at smaller driving rates. The effect of the asymmetry of the (i) coupled oscillators, (ii) coupling strength to the baths at equal temperature and (iii) temperature at equal coupling strength is discussed.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Synchronization is a ubiquitous phenomenon occurring in social, biological, and technological systems when the internal rythms of their constituents are adapted to be in unison as a result of their coupling. This natural tendency towards dynamical consensus has spurred a large body of theoretical and experimental research in recent decades. The Kuramoto model constitutes the most studied and paradigmatic framework in which to study synchronization. In particular, it shows how synchronization appears as a phase transition from a dynamically disordered state at some critical value for the coupling strength between the interacting units. The critical properties of the synchronization transition of this model have been widely studied and many variants of its formulations have been considered to address different physical realizations. However, the Kuramoto model has been studied only within the domain of classical dynamics, thus neglecting its applications for the study of quantum synchronization phenomena. Based on a systembath approach and within the Feynman pathintegral formalism, we derive equations for the Kuramoto model by taking into account the first quantum fluctuations. We also analyze its critical properties, the main result being the derivation of the value for the synchronization onset. This critical coupling increases its value as quantumness increases, as a consequence of the possibility of tunneling that quantum fluctuations provide.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Determining the spectral density of a molecular system immersed in a proteomic scaffold and in contact to a solvent is a fundamental challenge in the coarsegrained description of, e.g., electron and energy transfer dynamics. Once the spectral density is characterized, all the time scales are captured and no artificial separation between fast and slow processes need be invoked. Based on the fluorescence Stokes shift function, we utilize a simple and robust strategy to extract the spectral density of a number of molecular complexes from available experimental data. Specifically, we show that experimental data for dye molecules in several solvents, amino acid proteins in water, and some photochemical systems (e.g., rhodopsin and green fluorescence proteins), are well described by a threeparameter family of subOhmic spectral densities that are characterized by a fast initial Gaussianlike decay followed by a slow algebraiclike decay rate at long times.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We show that an ensemble of organic dye molecules with permanent electric dipole moments embedded in a microcavity can lead to strong optical nonlinearities at the single photon level. The strong longrange electrostatic interaction between chromophores due to their permanent dipoles introduces the desired nonlinearity of the lightmatter coupling in the microcavity. We obtain the absorption spectra of a weak probe field under the influence of strong excitonphoton coupling with the cavity field. Using realistic parameters, we demonstrate that a single cavity photon can significantly modify the absorptive and dispersive response of the medium to a probe photon at a different frequency. Finally, we show that the system is in the regime of cavityinduced transparency with a broad transparency window for dye dimers. We illustrate our findings using pseudoisocyanine chloride (PIC) Jaggregates in currentlyavailable optical microcavities.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Contrary to the conventional wisdom that deviations from standard thermodynamics originate from the strong coupling to the bath, it is shown that these deviations are intimately linked to the power spectrum of the thermal bath. Specifically, it is shown that the lower bound of the dispersion of the total energy of the system, imposed by the uncertainty principle, is dominated by the bath power spectrum and therefore, quantum mechanics inhibits the system thermalequilibriumstate from being described by the canonical Boltzmann's distribution. This is in sharp contrast to the classical case, for which the thermal equilibrium distribution of a system interacting via central forces with pairwiseselfinteracting environment, irrespective of the interaction strength, is shown to be \emph{exactly} characterized by the canonical Boltzmann distribution. As a consequence of this analysis, we define an \emph{effective coupling} to the environment that depends on all energy scales in the system and reservoir interaction. Sample computations in regimes predicted by this effective coupling are demonstrated. For example, for the case of strong effective coupling, deviations from standard thermodynamics are present and, for the case of weak effective coupling, quantum features such as stationary entanglement are possible at high temperatures.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The ability of an environment to assist in onephoton phase control relies upon entanglement between the system and bath and on the breaking of the time reversal symmetry. Here, onephoton phase control is examined analytically and numerically in a model system, allowing an analysis of the relative strength of these contributions. Further, the significant role of nonMarkovian dynamics and of moderate systembath coupling in enhancing onephoton phase control is demonstrated, and an explicit role for quantum mechanics is noted in the existence of initial nonzero stationary coherences. Finally, desirable conditions are shown to be required to observe such environmentally assisted control, since the system will naturally equilibrate with its environment at longer times, ultimately resulting in the loss of phase control. 
Article: Innermost Stable Circular Orbits and Epicyclic Frequencies Around a Magnetized Neutron Star
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ABSTRACT: A fullrelativistic approach is used to compute the radius of the innermost stable circular orbit (ISCO), the Keplerian, framedragging, precession and oscillation frequencies of the radial and vertical motions of neutral test particles orbiting the equatorial plane of a magnetized neutron star. The spacetime around the star is modelled by the six parametric solution derived by Pachon et al. It is shown that the inclusion of an intense magnetic field, such as the one of a neutron star, have nonnegligible effects on the above physical quantities, and therefore, its inclusion is necessary in order to obtain a more accurate and realistic description of the physical processes occurring in the neighbourhood of this kind of objects such as the dynamics of accretion disk. The results discussed here also suggest that the consideration of strong magnetic fields may introduce nonnegligible corrections in, e.g., the relativistic precession model and therefore on the predictions made on the mass of neutron stars.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The underlying mechanisms for one photon phase control are revealed through a master equation approach. Specifically, two mechanisms are identified, one operating on the laser time scale and the other on the time scale of the systembath interaction. The effects of the secular and nonsecular Markovian approximations are carefully examined.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Under natural conditions, excitation of biological molecules, which display nonunitary open system dynamics, occurs via incoherent processes such as temperature changes or irradiation by sunlight/moonlight. The dynamics of such processes is explored analytically in a nonMarkovian generic model. Specifically, a system S in equilibrium with a thermal bath TB is subjected to an external incoherent perturbation BB (such as sunlight) or another thermal bath TB', which induces time evolution in (S+TB). Particular focus is on (i) the extent to which the resultant dynamics is coherent, and (ii) the role of "stationary coherences", established in the (S+TB) equilibration, in the response to the second incoherent perturbation. Results for systems with parameters analogous to those in light harvesting molecules in photosynthesis show that the resultant dynamical behaviour is incoherent beyond a very short response to the turnon of the perturbation.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We consider the general open system problem of a charged quantum oscillator confined in a harmonic trap, whose frequency can be arbitrarily modulated in time, that interacts with both an incoherent quantized (blackbody) radiation field and with an arbitrary coherent laser field. We assume that the oscillator is initially in thermodynamic equilibrium with its environment, a nonfactorized initial density matrix of the system and the environment, and that at $t=0$ the modulation of the frequency, the coupling to the incoherent and the coherent radiation are switched on. The subsequent dynamics, induced by the presence of the blackbody radiation and the laser field, is studied in the framework of the influence functional approach. This approach allows incorporating, in \emph{analytic closed formulae}, the nonMarkovian character of the oscillatorenvironment interaction at any temperature as well the nonMarkovian character of the blackbody radiation and its zeropoint fluctuations. Expressions for the time evolution of the covariance matrix elements of the quantum fluctuations and the reduced densityoperator are obtained.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: We examine computational techniques and methodologies currently in use to explore electronic excitation energy transfer in the context of lightharvesting complexes in photosynthetic antenna systems, and comment on some new insights into the underlying physics. Advantages and pitfalls of these methodologies are discussed, as are some physical insights into the photosynthetic dynamics. By combining results from molecular modelling of the complexes (structural description) with an effective nonequilibrium statistical description (time evolution), we identify some general features, regardless of the particular distribution in the protein scaffold, that are central to lightharvesting dynamics and, that could ultimately be related to the high efficiency of the overall process. Based on these general common features, some possible new directions in the field are discussed.  [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Whether analytic exact vacuum(electrovacuum) solutions of the Einstein(EinsteinMaxwell) field equations can accurately describe or not the exterior spacetime of compact stars remains still an interesting open question in Relativistic Astrophysics. As an attempt to establish their level of accuracy, the radii of the Innermost Stable Circular Orbits (ISCOs) of test particles given by analytic exterior spacetime geometries have been compared with the ones given by numerical solutions for neutron stars (NSs) obeying a realistic equation of state (EoS). It has been so shown that the sixparametric solution of Pach\'on, Rueda, and Sanabria (2006) (hereafter PRS) is more accurate to describe the NS ISCO radii than other analytic models. We propose here an additional test of accuracy for analytic exterior geometries based on the comparison of orbital frequencies of neutral test particles. We compute the Keplerian, framedragging, as well as the precession and oscillation frequencies of the radial and vertical motions of neutral test particles for the Kerr and PRS geometries; then we compare them with the numerical values obtained by Morsink and Stella (1999) for realistic NSs. We identify the role of highorder multipole moments such as the mass quadrupole and current octupole in the determination of the orbital frequencies especially in the rapid rotation regime. The results of this work are relevant to cast a separatrix between black hole (BH) and NS signatures as well as probe the nuclear matter EoS and NS parameters from the QuasiPeriodic Oscillations (QPOs) observed in Low Mass XRay Binaries. 
Article: Physical Basis for LongLived Electronic Coherence in Photosynthetic LightHarvesting Systems
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ABSTRACT: The physical basis for observed longlived electronic coherence in photosynthetic lightharvesting systems is identified using an analytically soluble model. Three physical features are found to be responsible for their long coherence lifetimes: i) the small energy gap between excitonic states, ii) the small ratio of the energy gap to the coupling between excitonic states, and iii) the fact that the molecular characteristics place the system in an effective low temperature regime, even at ambient conditions. Using this approach, we obtain decoherence times for a dimer model with FMO parameters of $\approx$ 160 fs at 77 K and $\approx$ 80 fs at 277 K. As such, significant oscillations are found to persist for 600 fs and 300 fs, respectively, in accord with the experiment and with previous computations. Similar good agreement is found for PC645 at room temperature, with oscillations persisting for 400 fs. The analytic expressions obtained provide direct insight into the parameter dependence of the decoherence time scales. 
Publication Stats
385  Citations  
116.11  Total Impact Points  
Top Journals
Institutions

20142015

Harvard University
 Department of Chemistry and Chemical Biology
Cambridge, Massachusetts, United States


20112015

University of Antioquia
 Instituto de Física
Medellín, Antioquia, Colombia


20102014

University of Toronto
 Department of Chemistry
Toronto, Ontario, Canada 
Institute for CrossDisciplinary Physics and Complex Systems
Palma, Balearic Islands, Spain 
Universität Augsburg
 Institute of Physics
Augsberg, Bavaria, Germany


20062010

National University of Colombia
 Departamento de Física (Bogotá)
Medellín, Departamento de Antioquia, Colombia 
University of Zulia
 Department of Physics
Maracaibo, Estado Zulia, Venezuela


20062007

Industrial University of Santander
 School of Physics
Bucaramanga, Departamento de Santander, Colombia
