Publications (3)11.05 Total impact
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ABSTRACT: Tenascin-X (TNX) is an extracellular matrix (ECM) glycoprotein, the absence of which in humans leads to a recessive form of Ehlers-Danlos syndrome (EDS), a group of inherited connective tissue disorders characterized by joint hypermobility, skin hyperextensibility, and tissue fragility. A mouse model of TNX-deficient type EDS has been used to characterize the dermatological, orthopedic, and obstetrical features. The growing insight in the clinical overlap between myopathies and inherited connective tissue disorders asks for a study of the muscular characteristics of inherited connective tissue diseases. Therefore, this study aims to define the muscular phenotype of TNX knockout (KO) mice. We performed a comprehensive study on the muscular phenotype of these TNX KO mice, consisting of standardized clinical assessment, muscle histology, and gene expression profiling of muscle tissue. Furthermore, peripheral nerve composition was studied by histology and electron microscopy. The main findings are the presence of mild muscle weakness, mild myopathic features on histology, and functional upregulation of genes encoding proteins involved in ECM degradation and synthesis. Additionally, sciatic nerve samples showed mildly reduced collagen fibril density of endoneurium. The muscular phenotype of TNX KO mice consists of mild muscle weakness with histological signs of myopathy and of increased turnover of the ECM in muscle. Furthermore, mildly reduced diameter of myelinated fibers and reduction of collagen fibril density of endoneurium may correspond with polyneuropathy in TNX-deficient EDS patients. This comprehensive assessment can serve as a starting point for further investigations on neuromuscular function in TNX KO mice.
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ABSTRACT: To report the occurrence of the autosomal recessive form of demyelinating Charcot-Marie-Tooth disease (CMT) with a locus on chromosome 5q23-33 in six non-related European families, to refine gene mapping, and to define the disease phenotype. In an Algerian patient with autosomal recessive demyelinating CMT mapped to chromosome 5q23-q33 the same unique nerve pathology was established as previously described in families with a special form of autosomal recessive demyelinating CMT. Subsequently, the DNA of patients with this phenotype was tested from five Dutch families and one Turkish family for the 5q23-q33 locus. These patients and the Algerian families showed a similar and highly typical combination of clinical and morphological features, suggesting a common genetic defect. A complete cosegregation for markers D5S413, D5S434, D5S636, and D5S410 was found in the families. Haplotype construction located the gene to a 7 cM region between D5S643 and D5S670. In the present Dutch families linkage disequilibrium could be shown for various risk alleles and haplotypes indicating that most of these families may have inherited the underlying genetic defect form a common distant ancestor. This study refines the gene localisation of autosomal recessive demyelinating CMT, mapping to chromosome 5q23-33 and defines the phenotype characterised by a precocious and rapidly progressive scoliosis in combination with a relatively mild neuropathy and a unique pathology. Morphological alterations in Schwann cells of the myelinated and unmyelinated type suggest the involvement of a protein present in both Schwann cell types or an extracellular matrix protein rather than a myelin protein. The combination of pathological features possibly discerns autosomal recessive demyelinating CMT with a gene locus on chromosome 5q23-33 from other demyelinating forms of CMT disease.
Radboud University Medical Centre (Radboudumc)
Nymegen, Gelderland, Netherlands
- Department of Neurology